The Chinese Association for the Study of Pain (CASP): Consensus on the Assessment and Management of Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain.

The Chinese Association for the Study of Pain (CASP): Consensus on the Assessment and Management of Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain. Pain Res Manag. 2019;2019:8957847 Authors: Ma K, Zhuang ZG, Wang L, Liu XG, Lu LJ, Yang XQ, Lu Y, Fu ZJ, Song T, Huang D, Liu H, Huang YQ, Peng BG, Liu YQ Abstract Chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP) is defined as pain or discomfort originating from the waist, which lasts for at least 12 weeks, but no radiculopathy or specific spinal diseases. CNLBP is a complicated medical problem and places a huge burden on healthcare systems. Clinical manifestation of CNLBP includes discogenic LBP, zygapophyseal joint pain, sacroiliac joint pain, and lumbar muscle strain. Further evaluation should be completed to confirm the diagnosis including auxiliary examination, functional assessment, and clinical assessment. The principle of the management is to relieve pain, restore function, and avoid recurrence. Treatment includes conservative treatment, minimally invasive treatment, and rehabilitation. Pharmacologic therapy is the first-line treatment of nonspecific LBP, and it is most widely used in clinical practice. Interventional therapy should be considered only after failure of medication and physical therapy. Multidisciplinary rehabilitation can improve physical function and alleviate short-term and long-term pain. The emphasis should be put on the prevention of NLBP and reducing relevant risk factors. PMID: 31511784 [PubMed...
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research

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Once you begin to dip your toes into psychological therapies, it doesn’t take long before you begin to see TLAs all over the place. So today I’m going to post on two things: some of the TLAs, and why or how we might consider using these approaches in pain rehabilitation. The first one is CBT, or cognitive behavioural therapy. CBT grew out of two movements: behaviour therapy (Skinner and the pigeons, rats and all that behaviour modification stuff), and cognitive therapy (Ellis and Beck and the “cognitive triad” – more on this later). When the two approaches to therapy are combined, we have c...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ACT - Acceptance & Commitment Therapy Clinical reasoning Cognitive behavioral therapy Coping strategies Interdisciplinary teams Occupational therapy Physiotherapy Professional topics Psychology Research Science in practice Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Among older adults with CLBPR, pain provocation drives increases in the energy cost of walking. Because high energy cost of walking is predictive of mobility decline, clinicians may focus on effective pain management strategies during walking, which may potentially decrease the risk of mobility decline.
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research
Discussion: The current case series describes the use of a targeted exercise approach consisting mostly of hip abductor strengthening in a group of patients with CLBP and hip abductor weakness. The results indicated that this approach may be effective in reducing pain and improving function, particularly for older patients.
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Case Series Source Type: research
Low back pain is the leading cause of global disability24,9,45 and urgently requires better management.9 80% of the adult population experiences a significant episode of disabling low back pain over their life. Most people recover, however 10-15% go on to develop chronic low back pain (CLBP), defined as pain lasting over 12 weeks.12 90% of people with CLBP have a non-specific problem with no clearly identifiable cause for their pain.17 CLBP is increasing in prevalence and is globally the second most frequent reason for time off work.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Among older adults with CLBPR, pain provocation drives increases in the energy cost of walking. Because high energy cost of walking is predictive of mobility decline, clinicians may focus on effective pain management strategies during walking, which may potentially decrease the risk of mobility decline. PMID: 30998562 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: J Geriatr Phys Ther Source Type: research
Conclusions: People with mild-to-moderate CLBP had similar exercise responses to healthy controls. Aquatic exercise produced sufficient muscle activation, intensity, and exertion, and should not be assumed to be less strenuous or less effective in activating trunk and pelvic muscles than exercise on land. These data can be used to inform design and prescription of rehabilitation programs and interventions. PMID: 30690522 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Phys Ther Source Type: research
Condition:   Low Back Pain Interventions:   Other: telerehabilitation and physical therapy;   Other: control Sponsors:   University of Haifa;   Maccabi Healthcare Services, Israel Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
If you are one of the more than 100 million Americans suffering with chronic pain, you know how desperate you can get searching for relief. For constant or chronic pain, sometimes knowing that you can only get temporary relief from medications sits at the back of your brain and sets up pain anticipation. Shouldn’t there be a better way, an approach or approaches that don’t rely on pharmaceutical drugs to combat pain? According to new research, there are some new pain relief methods that look very promising to do just that. Treatment from Strangers Mat Provide Unexpected Pain Relief It may seem counter-intuitiv...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Chronic Pain Health-related Mental Health and Wellness Mindfulness Psychology Research Treatment Source Type: blogs
If self-care steps for back pain such as gentle activity, local heat, or massage don’t ease discomfort within a few weeks to a month, or if you struggle with chronic low back pain, a physiatrist can help you navigate the dizzying number of treatment options. These range from conservative therapies (such as medicines, physical therapy, and chiropractic care) to more invasive options (such as spine injections and spinal surgery). What is a physiatrist? Physiatrists are medical doctors who specialize in physical medicine and rehabilitation. We focus on holistic, nonsurgical care aimed at improving function for people wh...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Back Pain Bones and joints Health Pain Management Source Type: blogs
Abstract Low back pain is usually nonspecific or mechanical. Mechanical low back pain arises intrinsically from the spine, intervertebral disks, or surrounding soft tissues. Clinical clues, or red flags, may help identify cases of nonmechanical low back pain and prompt further evaluation or imaging. Red flags include progressive motor or sensory loss, new urinary retention or overflow incontinence, history of cancer, recent invasive spinal procedure, and significant trauma relative to age. Imaging on initial presentation should be reserved for when there is suspicion for cauda equina syndrome, malignancy, fracture...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
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