A New World? Are the Americas Returning to Old Problems?

By Jan LundiusSTOCKHOLM / ROME, Sep 12 2019 (IPS) When I in 1980 first arrived in America it was a new world to me. I went from New York to Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic and like so many visitors and migrants before me I was overwhelmed by both familiar and strange impressions. Familiar due to books I had read and movies I had seen, strange since I encountered unexpected things and new because both I and several of those I met compared themselves to the “old world”, i.e. Euroasia and parts of Africa. A sense of uniqueness, admiration for an assumed freshness and difference, can be discerned in the writing of several American writers. Particularly during the 19th century we encounter ideas about wide horizons and an urge to experience and subdue what was assumed to be a wilderness with hidden riches and alluring possibilities. A “Wild West” epitomized in Horace Greeley´s 1865 phrase “Go West, young man, and grow up with the country.” An abundance of examples of exuberant feelings may be found in Walt Whitman´s poetry: All the past we leave behind, We debouch upon a newer mightier world, a varied world, Fresh and strong the world we seize, world of labor and the march, Pioneers! O pioneers! 1 In the southern hemisphere, Walt Whitman has his equivalent in Pablo Neruda, who in a poem likened ”his” continent to a beloved woman: When I look at the shape of America on the map, my love, it is you I see: the heig...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Crime & Justice Development & Aid Economy & Trade Featured Global Headlines Health Human Rights Migration & Refugees TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

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Background: In US cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) rates have tripled in the past 2 decades. Known clinical risk factors include exposure to a healthcare setting, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and CF-related diabetes. Area-level socio-environmental exposures have not been evaluated. We explored the association of area-level deprivation with MRSA prevalence in a pediatric CF Center in the Southeastern United States. Methods: Patients’ residential addresses were geocoded and linked to a composite Area Deprivation Index and Rural-Urban Commuting Area scores. The association...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Conclusions: ivA was highly efficacious in this pediatric cohort. We observed episodes of mild to moderate posttreatment hemolysis in approximately one-third of patients. The legal status and usage of potentially lifesaving ivA should be evaluated in Europe.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
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Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Current Abstracts Source Type: research
Background: Influenza virus is one of the most common respiratory pathogens for all age groups and may cause seasonal outbreaks. Our aim was to identify risk groups and factors associated with severe clinical course including mortality in children with influenza-related lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). Methods: We conducted a retrospective study in children hospitalized with influenza virus LRTI from 2008 to 2018. Data on demographic features, influenza type, viral coinfection, primary and secondary bacterial infections (SBIs), time of onset of antiviral treatment, comorbidities, hospitalization length, pedia...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Background: Congenital syphilis (CS) is a devastating yet preventable disease affecting the fetus. Recent increase in cases of CS in the United States has been reported by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There is a lack of data on hospitalization trends and healthcare utilization related to CS. We sought to describe CS hospitalization trends, morbidity and mortality during 2009 through 2016 and related healthcare expenditure. Methods: National inpatient level data collected from Kid’s Inpatient Database and National Inpatient Sample databases from 2009 to 2016 were analyzed. CS hospitalizations were ...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Maternal-Neonatal Reports Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Stem Cell ResearchAuthor(s): Meng-Hsuan Wen, Xihong Xie, Jian Tub, Dung-Fang Lee, Tai-Yen ChenAbstractATOX1 is a copper chaperone involved in intracellular copper homeostasis, cell proliferation, and tumor progression. To investigate the physiologically relevant molecular mechanism of ATOX1 by using imaging-based approaches, we genetically modified ATOX1 in H1 hESCs to express mCherry-ATOX1 fusion protein under endogenous regulatory machinery. The fluorescence engineered hESC clone maintains characteristic stem cell features and can differentiate to all three germ l...
Source: Stem Cell Research - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
Authors: Folaron I, True MW, Kazanis WH, Wardian JL, Tate JM, Graybill SD, Clerc PG, Jenkins CR Abstract INTRODUCTION: Service members (SMs) in the United States (U.S.) Armed Forces have diabetes mellitus at a rate of 2-3%. Despite having a chronic medical condition, they have deployed to environments with limited medical support. Given the scarcity of data describing how they fare in these settings, we conducted a retrospective study analyzing the changes in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and body mass index (BMI) before and after deployment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SMs from the U.S. Army, Air Force, Navy, and Mar...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): P. Pathmanaban, B.K. Gnanavel, Shanmuga Sundaram AnandanAbstractQuality largely decides the time frame of realistic usability before providing a cost for fruits or vegetables. Consequently, quality checking and testing of products have prime importance in various stages of processing. For decades visual inspection and destructive methods are chosen for the quality assessment of fruits and vegetables. Technological Advancement has lead to the development of various mechanical, optical, electromagnetic and non-destructi...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Isuri A. Jayawardana, Carlos A. Montoya, Warren C. McNabb, Mike J. BolandBackgroundStaple cereals and their products are important foods. Many cereals contain an important protein group, gluten, which provides structure to bakery products and pasta. Gluten proteins have an unusual amino acid composition, containing high proline and glutamine contents. These amino acids confer resistance to proteolysis by gastrointestinal tract enzymes, producing indigestible proline- and glutamine-rich peptides that can trigger immuno...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Himali Balasooriya, Kithsiri Dasanayake, Said AjlouniAbstractStrawberry cultivar “San Andreas” was grown under ambient (400 ppm [CO2], 25 °C) and elevated (950 ppm [CO2], 30 °C) growth conditions. The strawberries were subjected to in vitro gastrointestinal digestion and colonic fermentation to examine the accessibility of polyphenols, vitamin C and folates in fresh and frozen fruits using HPLC-UV analyses. Results revealed that elevated CO2 and higher temperature enhanced the amounts of accessible bioactive compounds in ...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
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