Diagnostic methods for acute otitis media in 1 to 12  year old children: a cross sectional study in primary health care

Otoscopy alone has low sensitivity and specificity for acute otitis media (AOM). Otomicroscopy and pneumatic methods are superior to otoscopy. However, these methods require clinical skills. The use of differe...
Source: BMC Family Practice - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research

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Abstract For pediatric practitioners, acute otitis media (AOM) and group A streptococcal pharyngitis are two of the most common infections seen in ambulatory practices. The purpose of this article is to review these conditions with the focus of highlighting evidence-based guidelines. AOM in children is a visual diagnosis and not one that can be made on history alone. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines have clear criteria to aid clinicians in how to diagnose AOM. The pneumatic otoscope is the standard tool used to diagnose otitis media, and the AAP guidelines stress developing proficiency in distin...
Source: Pediatric Annals - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Pediatr Ann Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: OS with immune-stimulating molecules should be considered as a supporting therapy in children affected by recurrent episodes of UAI associated with OME due to their capacity to improve the immune response and reduce the inflammatory phenomena. OS can improve the fibroendoscopic findings by restoring middle ear ventilation, in addition to their ability to reduce inflammation in the middle ear. PMID: 31364144 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Rationale: Facial nerve schwannoma (FNS) is a rare slow-growing nerve sheath tumor derived from Schwann cells. FNS with normal facial nerve function may sometimes be misdiagnosed as otitis media because of similar ontological symptoms such as purulence, tympanic membrane damage, and hearing loss. Patient concerns: A 68-year-old woman was referred to our department because of otorrhea and hearing loss in the right ear for 20 years. Otoscopy revealed abundant purulent secretions deep in the right external auditory canal, and granulation proliferation in the posterior part of membranae tensa. Audiogram showed a right mix...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
This study was done to evaluate the incidence of otitis media with effusion (OME) in cases of head and neck malignancies who undergo irradiation, excluding nasopharyngeal malignancies. This prospective observational study was done at a tertiary care hospital. Adult patients of head and neck malignancies treated with radiotherapy (RT) with or without concurrent chemotherapy as definitive or adjuvant therapy from September 2017 to August 2018 were included. Cases of nasopharyngeal malignancies and cases of malignancies of other sites extending to nasopharynx causing mechanical obstruction to ET were excluded. The otoscopy, t...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the graft uptake rate and to evaluate the hearing results. Methods This is a prospective study. We have analyzed 139 patients who underwent surgery for chronic otitis media (COM) of the mucosal type. All of the surgeries were performed exclusively under total endoscopic transcanal approach using tragal cartilage as graft, underlay technique. We have evaluated the postoperative graft uptake and performed a hearing evaluation at 6 weeks, at 12 weeks, and at 6 months. Results During the study period, 139 patients were included, out of which 13 were lost to fol...
Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
We present an accessible solution that uses speakers and microphones within existing smartphones to detect middle ear fluid by assessing eardrum mobility. We conducted a clinical study on 98 patient ears at a pediatric surgical center. Using leave-one-out cross-validation to estimate performance on unseen data, we obtained an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.898 for the smartphone-based machine learning algorithm. In comparison, commercial acoustic reflectometry, which requires custom hardware, achieved an AUC of 0.776. Furthermore, we achieved 85% sensitivity and 82% specificity, comparable to published performance measure...
Source: Science Translational Medicine - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Research Articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Many patients with severe brain injury have reversible and treatable impairments that cause potential conductive hearing loss. Routine otoscopic examination and treatment if required, that is, removal of impacted cerumen or middle ear drainage, have rehabilitating and general health benefits. Implications for rehabilitation Auditory stimulation was suggested for rehabilitation in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Many patients have cerumen and/or otitis media with effusion causing conductive hearing impairment as well as general health issues. Both aural impediments are diagnosed by routine otoscopy...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
AbstractTo study the prevalence of chronic suppurative otitis media among school children in Belagavi, rural area of South India. A community based descriptive cross sectional survey was conducted in 7 schools of rural areas of Belagavi district in Karnataka over a period of 2  months between 15th July and 15th September 2018. A survey demographic data collection was done on 694 school children aged between 6 and 14 years attending these schools. A detailed history and otoscopic examination was done in the school premises. Data received from the study was entered and s tatistical analysis was done. CSOM was ...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusion High-resolution computed tomography is highly valuable for the detection of mass effect sign, which has great importance in diagnosing cholesteatoma.
Source: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography - Category: Radiology Tags: Neuroradiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2018Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryAuthor(s): Ekaniyere Benlance Edetanlen, Birch Dauda SaheebAbstractOtitis media with effusion is common in children with cleft palate, and the aim of this study was to find out its incidence and risk factors in Nigerians. We prospectively studied 84 patients (42 with cleft palate and 42 control subjects); 27 were male and 15 female, who were age and sex matched with control subjects. The extent and size of the clefts were measured using a dental cast and Vernier calipers, and the otitis media was diagnosed with otosc...
Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
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