Hurricane Dorian Is Gone. But the Bahamas Still Faces a Big Risk From Infectious Disease
Hurricane Dorian’s 185 mph winds and punishingly slow pace smashed entire neighborhoods in the Bahamas, killing at least 50 people. But now, Bahamians are facing a different kind of threat. The lack of access to toilets, clean water and medications puts tens of thousands at risk for disease, public health experts warn. Bahamians in the hardest-hit areas are already suffering from cuts and gashes caused by widespread debris and wreckage. But now aid groups are saying survivors are beginning to show signs of gastrointestinal issues from contaminated water. Those with chronic illnesses are struggling without access to treatment for chronic conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure. And if water that the storm dumped on the islands remains stagnant and untreated for long enough, it could become a breeding ground for mosquitos, giving rise to diseases like dengue, chikungunya and Zika. “There’s a lot of downstream cascading effects people don’t think about,” Dr. Amesh Adalja, an infectious disease physician and expert at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, tells TIME. Previous disasters in the Caribbean have brought infectious disease outbreaks that wreaked havoc after the initial disaster. Cholera killed thousands in Haiti after the 2010 earthquake and and at least two dozen are believed to have died in Puerto Rico from a leptospirosis outbreak following Hurricane Maria in 2017. What are aid groups seeing on the ground? Heart to Hea...
I've been interviewed for and hired (onboarding to come) for a low volume rural ED to do a few moonlighting shift in the last few months of residency. I'm excited. I asked my PD what questions to ask the medical director for a low volume ED and the answers were as expected No cath lab, yes STEMI cardiologist on call to guide me with respect to tPA/no tPA and where to ship Tele-neurologist to 'share' my liability and decision making for stroke Radiology reads CT's 24/7, but... Low Volume Rural ED Survival Guide?
Authors: Lin WC, Tsai JP, Lai YH, Lin YL, Kuo CH, Wang CH, Hsu BG Abstract Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a potential biomarker of cardiovascular disease complications and severity. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with an increased risk of death in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum OPG levels and PAD by measuring the ankle-brachial index (ABI) of patients on PD. A commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit was used to measure OPG values. Left or right ABI values of
This study has important implications for the future investigations of prevention of periprosthetic infection. The nomogram model identifies high-risk patients for whom attached prophylaxis measures are required. Future studies regarding reduction of incidence of periprosthetic infection should pay close attention to these high-risk patients.Level of evidenceIV, retrospective, cohort study.
CONCLUSION: Metabolic health status and obesity were significantly associated with increased risk of POAG incidence. MUNO subjects but not MHO subjects showed a higher risk of POAG development than did MHNO subjects, suggesting that metabolic status is more important than obesity in POAG. PMID: 31950773 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: The results of this this study indicate that the LBM combination can be used as a therapeutic for ameliorating NAFLD via modulating the gut microbiota and improving insulin resistance. PMID: 31950772 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Jun SH, Shin WK, Kim Y Abstract BACKGROUND: Soybean food consumption has been considered as a possible way to lower incidence of cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS) among Asians. However, results from studies investigating its efficacy on CMS in Asians have been inconsistent. METHODS: We analyzed the association between soybean intake frequency and prevalence of CMS based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007 to 2011. Data of 9,287 women aged 20 to 64 years were analyzed. Food frequency questionnaire was used to assess soybean food consumption frequency. General linear...
This study aimed to design a simple surrogate marker (i.e., predictor) of the minimal model glucose effectiveness (SG), namely calculated SG (CSG), from a short insulin-modified intravenous glucose tolerance test (IM-IVGTT), and then to apply it to study women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (pGDM). METHODS: CSG was designed using the stepwise model selection approach on a population of subjects (n=181) ranging from normal tolerance to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). CSG was then tested on a population of women with pGDM (n=57). Each subject underwent a 3-hour IM-IVGTT; women with pGDM were observed early ...
CONCLUSION: In the KOGES-Ansan and Ansung study, the PCE overestimated ASCVD risk for men and underestimated the risk for women. The PCE-WH and the FRS-CVD provided an accurate prediction of ASCVD in men and women, respectively. PMID: 31950769 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: The thra duplicated genes are essential to control temporal coordination in post-larva growth and development in a tissue-specific manner. We uncovered novel functions of the duplicated thra genes in zebrafish in development. These mutant zebrafish could be used as a model for further analysis of TR1 mutant actions and for rapid screening of therapeutics for RTH. PMID: 31952464 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Lee YK, Hwangbo Y, Lee S, Lee DE, Lee EK, Yeom MS, Joo J, Kong SY Abstract Background While aspirin use is known to be associated with reduced incidence of various cancer types, it is unclear if this benefit extends to thyroid cancer. We aimed to evaluate the association between aspirin use and thyroid cancer development. Methods This nested case-control study used nationwide data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort 2002-2015. In total, 4,547 individuals with newly developed thyroid cancer were matched with 13,641 controls based on age, sex, and follow-up period. Odds r...
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