Ethnic differences of children with foreign body aspiration: a need for preventive education

AbstractIntroductionOnly in 2005 was a product labeling law passed in Israel that requires food companies to mark a choking hazard. We wished to investigate the influence of the hazard warning on the number of foreign body aspirations (FBA) in Israel, as well as the racial differences in the prevalence of and death rates from FBA.Materials and MethodsAll the medical records of patients under the age of 14 who arrived at our center ’s emergency department between the years 2007 and 2015 with suspected FBA were retrospectively reviewed. Population data was extracted from the Central Bureau of Statistics.ResultsOverall, 90 children arrived at the hospital with suspected FBA during 2007 –2015. Forty-six (51%) of the patients were males, the mean age was 3.5 years. Seventy-one bronchoscopies were performed due to high suspicious presence of a foreign body. The most common objects aspirated were different types of nuts and seeds. In all cases, the patient's parents witnessed the a spiration of the foreign body. Most children (77, 86%) were of Arab ethnicity. The yearly prevalence of FBA in children 0–4 years of Arab ethnicity was 16.6:100,000 compared to 6.0:100,000 in the non-Arab population (p 
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

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Mucous gland adenomas represent a small percentage of primary lung neoplasms. The accurate diagnosis of these benign tumors can be challenging not only on resected specimens but also more challenging in small bronchoscopic biopsies. If to that problem we add the issue that these tumors may also exist in the periphery of the lung, then it is easy to conclude that there is much difficulty in properly diagnosing these tumors with a core needle biopsy. Furthermore, there is little knowledge on the immunohistochemical properties and radiologic features of these tumors. Therefore, pathologists need to be aware of the spectrum of...
Source: Advances in Anatomic Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSION EBUS-TBNA under general anaesthesia using a LMA with SHJV is equal to rigid bronchoscopy with superimposed high-frequency jet ventilation for the variables analysed. TRIAL REGISTRATION ISRCTN (ISRCTN58911367).
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Airway Source Type: research
To identify an age at which initiation of whole nut into the pediatric diet could be considered safe, by evaluating the age distribution of children undergoing bronchoscopy with removal of nut or seed material...
Source: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Original research article Source Type: research
Conclusions: The APD at the level of the intrathoracic inlet is larger than that at the cricoid and 2 cm above the carina, while the TD is the opposite. These findings about the trachea and bronchus in our study may contribute to bronchoscopy examinations, tube applications, stent design, and stenting.Respiration
Source: Respiration - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 October 2020Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Nathaniel Ivanick, Chan Yeu Pu
Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: Perioperative complications of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) are not well described. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with adverse postoperative outcomes in IPF patients. METHODS: We performed a single-centre historical cohort study of adult patients with IPF who underwent surgery between 2008 and 2018. We analyzed the prognostic utility of select perioperative factors for postoperative acute exacerbation of IPF (AE-IPF), acute respiratory worsening (ARW), pneumonia, and 30-day and one-year mortality using univariable and multivariable regress...
Source: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Can J Anaesth Source Type: research
Breath analysis holds promise for non-invasive in vivo monitoring of disease related processes. However, physiological parameters may considerably affect profiles of exhaled volatile organic substances (VOCs). Volatile substances can be released via alveoli, bronchial mucosa or from the upper airways. The aim of this study was the systematic investigation of the influence of different sampling sites in the respiratory tract on VOC concentration profiles by means of a novel experimental setup. After ethical approval, breath samples were collected from 25 patients undergoing bronchoscopy for endobronchial ultrasound or...
Source: Journal of Breath Research - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsCombining EBUS ‐TBNA from at least two lymph node stations and EBB increased diagnostic yield of sarcoidosis. Such diagnostic strategy had almost 93% diagnostic yield in stage I and stage II of sarcoidosis. Taking into account the safety of the whole procedure with endobronchial ultrasonography combined with con ventional endoscopy with EBB and its cost effectiveness, TBLB can be intended to diagnose stage III or IV of pulmonary sarcoidosis.
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Abstract Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica (TPO) is an idiopathic disease involving the cartilage rings of the large airway, characterized by submucosal calcified nodules. Localized tracheobronchial amyloidosis (TBA) is another rare disease with localized amyloid deposits in the tracheobronchial tree. The two diseases rarely coincide, and only a few case reports and series have been reported. A patient with dyspnea was referred to our clinic for suspicion of TBA. Chest computed tomography (CT) scan showed marked thickening of the tracheobronchial wall with calcified endobronchial submucosal nodules. The no...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respir Med Case Rep Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 October 2020Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional RadiologyAuthor(s): Quirina M.B. de Ruiter, John W. Karanian, Ivane Bakhutashvili, Juan A. Esparza-Trujillo, Nicole A. Varble, William van der Sterren, Stephanie Schampaert, Imramsjah M.J. van der Bom, Xiaobai Li, Michal Mauda-Havakuk, Joseph R. Fontana, William F. Pritchard, Bradford J. Wood
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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