Premedication and induction of anaesthesia in paediatric patients

This article details the pharmacological and nonpharmacological methods to minimise preoperative anxiety and the techniques of anaesthetic induction in infants and children undergoing surgery. The benefits and limitations of inhalational and intravenous induction and the current status of rapid sequence induction in children are discussed. MEDLINE database was searched for this narrative review using the keywords including preoperative anxiety, child, premedication, paediatric and anaesthetic induction. Search was restricted to articles in English, but without any publication date restrictions.
Source: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research

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Conclusions: The DC-TAV program is an ambitious, civilian-military, nationwide and long-term program, based on a harmonised standard of care and including multidimensional training. Further studies are required to assess its efficacy.
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Anaesthesia Critical Care &Pain MedicineAuthor(s): Arnaud Chaumeron, Jeremie Castanie, Louis Philippe Fortier, Patrick Basset, Sophie Bastide, Sandrine Alonso, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Philippe CuvillonABSTRACTBackground: Rapid sequence induction (RSI) is recommended in patients at risk of aspiration, but induced hemodynamic adverse events, including tachycardia. In elderly patients, this trial aimed to assess the impact of the addition of remifentanil during RSI on the occurrence of: tachycardia (primary outcome), hypertension (due to intubation) nor hypotension (rem...
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 October 2019Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition)Author(s): Yuichi Ohgoshi, Yosuke Usui, Satoshi Terada, Yoshimasa Takeda, Aiji Ohtsuka
Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis case series demonstrates that the use of a high frequency jet ventilator for cardiac MRI was feasible, safe, providing good quality cardiac imaging and avoiding anesthesia personnel to be inside the hazardous environment of MRI room. Future studies are needed to confirm its safety and efficiency in pediatric patients.ResumoJustificativa e objetivosA ressonância magnética (RM) cardíaca é uma técnica utilizada na avaliação de crianças com cardiopatias congênitas. A anestesia geral garante imobilidade, especialmente em pacientes não cooperador...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Anesthesiology ClinicsAuthor(s): Anne D. Cherry
Source: Anesthesiology Clinics - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Patrick J.F. Clarke, Brodie F. Sprlyan, Colette R. Hirsch, Frances Meeten, Lies NotebaertAbstractWhile considerable experimental research has examined the impact of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on a range of cognitive processes associated with emotional pathology, the impact of tDCS on worry has been comparatively neglected. Given that anxiety pathology is characterised by motivated engagement in worry, and that frontal tDCS has the capacity to enhance goal-oriented cognition, it is important to examine whe...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsWhen considered within the context of previous research, the experimental effects and therapeutic potential of CBM-I for high AS appear to be minimal. However, methodological questions need to be resolved before such a conclusion can be considered definitive.
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe current rapid, multi-slice acquisition and real-time implementation of temperature and displacement visualization may be useful in clinical practices. It may help defining operational safety margins, improving therapy precision and efficacy. Simulations were in good agreement with experimental data and may thus be used prior treatment for procedure planning.
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Authors: Bashir MU, Bhagra A, Kapa S, McLeod CJ Abstract Atrial fibrillation is the most common symptomatic arrhythmia that is associated with stroke. Contemporary management of the disease is focused on anticoagulation to prevent stroke, coupled with catheter ablation to limit symptoms and prevent deleterious cardiac remodeling. Emerging data highlights the importance of lifestyle modification by managing sleep apnea, increasing physical activity, and weight loss. There is significant data that supports a link between the autonomic nervous system, arrhythmia development, and atrial fibrillation therapy. It is like...
Source: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Rev Cardiovasc Med Source Type: research
_______________ We are proud that Amazon India has selected The SharpBrains Guide to Brain Fitness: How to Optimize Brain Health and Performance at Any Age as part of its Kindle Weekly Deal running from October 13th to the 17th — when many bestselling eBooks will be discounted to just 49 rupees. – To benefit from the promotion, click HERE. – Readers in other countries can purchase the book at regular prices by clicking HERE. The book is also available in Spanish, Japanese, Polish and Portuguese. Book Description: “A much-needed resource to help us better understand our brains and mind...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness Amazon India brain health brain training Brain-Fitness Kindle Weekly Deal neuroplasticity Source Type: blogs
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