Drug may help prevent bone fractures in patients on dialysis

In patients on dialysis, cinacalcet reduced the rate of bone fracture by 16% to 29%, after accounting for patient characteristics and other factors, researchers report. Patients with kidney failure who are undergoing dialysis have an increased risk of bone fractures, and the risk of dying after a hip fracture in such a patient is double that of the general population. Unfortunately, none of the approved drugs for fracture prevention in osteoporosis in the general population are approved for use in patients on dialysis, and some are actually contraindicated.
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - Category: Science Source Type: news

Related Links:

u-Huang Kuo Recent evidence has indicated that fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) regulates longitudinal bone growth, with increased FGF21 levels leading to bone loss. The present study evaluated the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and serum FGF21 levels in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). We analyzed blood samples from 95 patients undergoing HD and measured BMD using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry of the lumbar vertebrae (L2–L4). Serum FGF21 concentrations were determined using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. Thirteen (11.6%) patients were found to hav...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study examined the association between oBPs and all‐cause mortality in G3B‐5D CKD. This is a population‐based cohort study including all subjects with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) 
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Hospitalization or death was not influenced by the type of RO, Al accumulation, or TMV classification. An elevated prevalence of osteoporosis and Al accumulation was detected. PMID: 31967202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Women with ESRD on hemodialysis are rarely screened for osteoporosis despite the fact they are at high risk for bone diseases compared with the general population.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Diabetes Headlines - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Nephrology News Source Type: news
We report a high vertebral fracture prevalence and incidence in transplantation-eligible patients on dialysis, suggesting that these patients may benefit from radiographic screening for vertebral fractures. Parathyroid hormone had a U-shaped association with vertebral fracture risk.IntroductionVertebral fractures are often overlooked, but even undiagnosed vertebral fractures negatively impact physical functioning, quality of life, and mortality. The risk of vertebral fractures in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is unclear, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) might play a role in the development of vertebral fractures. We...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess whether, and in which degree, CKD was associated with falls and fractures in adults. A systematic search in PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and The Cochrane Library was performed on 7 September 2018. All retrospective, cross-sectional, and longitudinal studies of adults (18 years of older) that studied the association between CKD, fractures, and falls were included. Additional studies were identified by cross-referencing. A total of 39 publications were included, of which two publications assessed three types of outcome and four publications assessed two types...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractPeripheral artery disease (PAD) or arteriosclerosis obliterans is a lethal complication highly prevalent in pre-dialysis CKD and dialyzed patients. PAD is driven by atherosclerotic process and causes ischemia of the affected limb. Given that normal bone metabolism is based on sufficient blood supply and PAD decreases intraosseous blood flow of the affected limb, it is probable that PAD can directly cause ischemic osteopathy or osteoporosis in affected limbs. We herein present a 69-year-old female patient receiving 18  years of maintenance hemodialysis therapy was hospitalized for the treatment of bilateral PAD...
Source: CEN Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe found that among individuals with stage 3 and 4 CKD, PTH was an independent predictor of fractures, vascular events, and death. Additional epidemiologic studies are needed to confirm these findings. If a target PTH range can be confirmed, then randomized placebo-controlled trials will be needed to confirm that treating HPT reduces the risk of fracture, vascular events, and death.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Conclusion: The amount of MI, PMI, and AI were not related to CKD. While MCI and TP were significant parameters that showed mandibular cortical situation and trabecular bone pattern, they assess osteoporosis level in a more reliable manner in CKD stages 3–5 patients without dialysis.
Source: Indian Journal of Dental Research - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Saxena G, Khera P, Jain D Abstract Introduction: Disorders of mineral and bone metabolism in chronic kidney disease (CKD) are associated with increased risk for cardiovascular calcification and osteoporosis. Anemia has been associated with progressive loss of kidney function and increased mortality. Ferric citrate was recently developed, primarily as a novel oral, non-calcium phosphate binder, which has also shown to replenish the iron deficient state of the CKD patients. Material and methods: This prospective study was done on 40 pre-dialysis adult patients of CKD (stage 3-5) from a tertiary care cent...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
More News: Dialysis | Orthopaedics | Osteoporosis | Science | Sensipar | Urology & Nephrology