Is performing sacrospinous fixation with vaginal hysterectomy and McCall ’s culdoplasty for advanced uterovaginal prolapse preferable over McCall’s culdoplasty alone?

AbstractPurpose of studyAdvanced uterovaginal prolapse can significantly affect the quality of life in women and usually requires surgical management. McCall ’s culdoplasty (M) or sacrospinous fixation (SSF) are done at the time of vaginal hysterectomy with pelvic floor repair (VHPFR) to reduce recurrence, but recurrence rates of 15% and 33% have been reported with these procedures respectively. We hypothesize that combining VH-PFR with both McCall’s culdoplasty and sacrospinous fixation (VH-PFR-M-SSF) may decrease recurrence rates compared to VH-PFR-M without significantly affecting other perioperative outcomes.MethodsAll patients with advanced uterovaginal prolapse and willing for VH-PFR at our institute from January 2015 to March 2018 were included after informed consent, except for medically unfit women and those preferring alternative management. We conducted a case control study comparing VH-PFR-M and VH-PFR-M-SSF with a follow-up period of 24 months. Qualitative and quantitative data were statistically analysed and Odds ratio and 95% Confidence interval was calculated. Kaplan Meier Curve was drawn and Log Rank test was used to compare recurrence.ResultsOut of 174 patients who underwent surgery in the study period, 131 patients (75.28%) underwent VH-PFR-M and 43 patients (24.71%) underwent VH-PFR-M-SSF. Both groups were comparable for age, body mass index, parity, postmenopausal status, comorbidities and aggravating factors. Patients with higher stage of pro...
Source: The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

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