The impact of discontinuing contact precautions for multidrug resistant organisms at a less than 400-bed level II teaching hospital and a community hospital: A 3-month pilot study

ConclusionsIn this pilot study evaluating the discontinuance of CPs, there was no evidence of an increase in HO MRSA or VRE LabID bacteremia incidence density rates. This practice change may be safely implemented at similar health care facilities.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Abstract Mastitis caused by multi- or pan-drug resistant bacteria is a growing health concern. A total of 110 milk samples were collected: Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, Enterococcus faecalis, and Escherichia coli were present in 54/110 (49.09%), 37/110 (33.63%), 25/110 (22.72%), 7/110 (6.36%), and 50/110 (45.45%) samples, respectively. A total of 20 methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) isolates, 19 Streptococcus sp. isolates, and 15 E. coli isolates were selected, and 100% were positive for (coagulase and hemolysins), streptokinase, and hemolytic activity, respectiv...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
ConclusionsMRSA, ESBL E. coli and ESBL Klebsiella spp were significantly more frequently isolated from hospitalized patients with CRBSI.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsUV-C disinfection system was effective in killing MDR pathogens. Further study is warranted to confirm its effectiveness as an adjunctive method in disinfecting hospital environment.
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract To date, there has been little experience in using fosfomycin in children. However, its broad spectrum of action and excellent safety profile have renewed interest in this antibiotic, especially for treating infections by multidrug-resistant bacteria. The main indication for fosfomycin in pediatrics is currently community-acquired lower urinary tract infection. Given its good activity against bacteria, fosfomycin can also be useful in urinary infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing enterobacteria. Fosfomycin presents very good dissemination to tissues including bone and is therefor...
Source: Revista Espanola de Quimioterapia - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Rev Esp Quimioter Source Type: research
Conclusion The results of our study demonstrate that robenidine is not suitable as a sole antimicrobial agent for the treatment of Gram-negative pathogen infections due to the lack of activity against the majority of Gram-negative isolates except for A. baumannii and A. calcoaceticus. However, we demonstrated in vitro efficacy against all selected Gram-negative organisms when robenidine was tested in combination with EDTA or PMBN, including against multidrug-resistant strains. Therefore, robenidine may be an appropriate candidate as a component of a combination preparation for the treatment of otitis externa in dogs. This...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract Bloodstream infection (BSI) organisms were consecutively collected from>200 medical centers in 45 nations between 1997 and 2016. Species identification and susceptibility testing followed Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute broth microdilution methods at a central laboratory. Clinical data and isolates from 264,901 BSI episodes were collected. The most common pathogen overall was Staphylococcus aureus (20.7%), followed by Escherichia coli (20.5%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (7.7%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (5.3%), and Enterococcus faecalis (5.2%). S. aureus was the most frequent pathogen overall in th...
Source: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Antimicrob Agents Chemother Source Type: research
François Chassagne1†, Xinyi Huang1†, James T. Lyles1 and Cassandra L. Quave1,2* 1Center for the Study of Human Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States 2Department of Dermatology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States In the search for new therapeutic solutions to address an increasing number of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens, secondary metabolites from plants have proven to be a rich source of antimicrobial compounds. Ginkgo biloba, a tree native to China, has been spread around the world as an ornamental tree. Its seeds have been used as snacks and medical mater...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, the antibacterial and multidrug resistance reversing activity of a series of seleno-carbonyl compounds has been evaluated. The effects of eleven selenocompounds on bacterial growth were evaluated in Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA), Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, and Chlamydia trachomatis D. The combination effect of compounds with antibiotics was examined by the minimum inhibitory concentration reduction assay. Their efflux pump (EP) inhibitory properties were assessed using real-time fluorimetry. Relative expressions of EP and quorum-sensing genes were studied by quan...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study evaluated the prevalence of clinical multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) and analyzed correlations between MDROs and patient characteristics in a regional teaching hospital of Taiwan. A retrospective comparative case-control study was conducted from January 2016 to August 2018 by collecting data from 486 hospitalized and non-hospitalized patients (M = 286, F = 200), including patient gender and age, microbial species, and antibiotic susceptibility. The results indicated that at least one MDRO was isolated from 5.3–6.3% of patients (p < 0.05), with an average age of 61.08 years. Of the MDROs st...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 March 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Susan S Huang, Edward Septimus, Ken Kleinman, Julia Moody, Jason Hickok, Lauren Heim, Adrijana Gombosev, Taliser R Avery, Katherine Haffenreffer, Lauren Shimelman, Mary K Hayden, Robert A Weinstein, Caren Spencer-Smith, Rebecca E Kaganov, Michael V Murphy, Tyler Forehand, Julie Lankiewicz, Micaela H Coady, Lena Portillo, Jalpa Sarup-PatelSummaryBackgroundUniversal skin and nasal decolonisation reduces multidrug-resistant pathogens and bloodstream infections in intensive care units. The effect of universal decolonisation on pathogens and infections ...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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