Perinatal outcomes following maternal pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use during pregnancy: results from a large PrEP implementation program in Kenya.

CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy outcomes and early infant growth did not differ by PrEP exposure. PMID: 31498563 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research

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Difficult social circumstances contribute to numerous problems among Latino youth, which can include risky behaviors, school disengagement, health disparities, and relatively high rates of unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and HIV/AIDS. ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This study used a programmatic surveillance approach to examine protection against STIs/HIV and unintended pregnancy (dual method use) among FSWs in an outreach-based HIV prevention, care, and treatment program in Tanzania. 119,728 FSWs made a first visit to services served by the Sauti Project from January 2016 to September 2017. Of these 79,774 were current contraceptive users —of those, 4548 (5.7%) took a contraceptive as well as condoms, the study measure of dual family planning (FP) method use. Ninety-one percent (n = 4139) of FSWs taking dual FP methods were provided with an injectable in addition...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
[SciDev.Net] Mexico City -The WHO now recommends the use of the HIV treatment drug dolutegravir in women of reproductive potential following new evidence from two large studies.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Abstract In the United States, more than half of all women have used a vibrator, nearly one third of women have used a dildo, and more than three quarters of women who have sex with women have used a vibrator. Sexual devices can be used by patients with decreased libido, anorgasmia, conditions inhibiting vaginal penetration, partner erectile dysfunction, and motor or sensory disabilities. Basic knowledge of sexual devices can help obstetrician-gynecologists counsel patients about device safety, sharing, cleaning, disinfection, and material selection. Common sexual devices include vibrators, penetrative devices, an...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Conclusion and Recommendations: Consistent condom utilization among HIV clients on ART was low (55.8%). Place of residence and condom use initiation during sexual contact were significantly associated with consistent condom use. It is better to give more emphasis on health education and counseling service about consistent condom use for PLWHA who are on ART during follow-up especially for those who came from rural areas. PMID: 31007955 [PubMed]
Source: AIDS Research and Treatment - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: AIDS Res Treat Source Type: research
Conclusions Apart West Nile virus (78), thousands of congenital microcephaly cases, fetal brain tissue damage and neurological syndromes have been associated with ZIKV infection. Unfortunately, the epidemics of this mosquito born, and a relative stable virus is on a rise. Although congenital microcephaly is a rare disorder however, due to lack of standardized diagnostic test facilities, the incidence in the geographically widespread ZIKV epidemic regions is higher. Animals studies showed that ZIKV is a neurotropic virus. It directly targets the developing embryonic brain cells by inducing apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest, and...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, we included data previously published by our group from patients followed-up at HFI and all HIV-1 sequences obtained by NGS publicly available. A detailed description of the studied populations can be found in their respective articles (Pessoa et al., 2015, 2016; Alves et al., 2017). We focused on the HIV-1 subtype classification, identification of HIV recombinants and multiple infection investigation for our novel patients. As previous published, the patients from HFI were mostly males (75%) with a median age of 38 years at the time of sample collection. Regarding our new cohort, we also found a prevalence ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Adolescents and young adults, particularly young women in low- and middle-income countries, face numerous and well-documented threats to their sexual and reproductive health, including adolescent pregnancy and childbearing, much of it unintended; complications from unsafe abortions; HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections; and child marriage [1 –3]. To address these challenges, governments and nongovernmental organizations have attempted a range of intervention strategies, such as comprehensive sexuality education in schools [4], youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services [5], and cash transfers [6,7].
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
[Guardian] Kano State Hisbah Board has discovered 15 women with HIV/AIDS among thousands of screened applicants for mass wedding in Kano. Besides, 23 women tested positive to pregnancy screening.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
UCLA Health Rates of sexually transmitted diseases have risen for the past four years to record highs in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ’slatest analysis. In California, the state health departmentfound that the number of people diagnosed with syphilis, gonorrhea or chlamydia in 2017 was 45 percent higher than five years prior.These sorts of statistics may spark a fear that there ’s little we can do to protect ourselves — but that’s not the full story.Dr. Leena Nathan, an obstetrician/gynecologist at UCLA Health-Westlake Village, consults with peo...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
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