The role of sonography for depiction of a whirlpool sign unrelated to midgut malrotation in neonates

ConclusionThis study illustrates neonates in whom a whirlpool sign (unrelated to midgut volvulus) was correctly recognized on sonography before surgery. Sonography proved more useful than an upper gastrointestinal series or contrast enema in depicting the exact cause of the obstruction. Pediatric radiologists must make the effort to search throughout the entire abdomen and pelvis for a small whirlpool sign on sonography, even in the absence of midgut malrotation, in neonates with congenital intestinal obstruction. Its recognition preoperatively will facilitate a rapid diagnosis and will obviate the necessity for contrast examinations of the gastrointestinal tract, which require ionizing radiation.
Source: Pediatric Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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Discussion Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are malformations of the heart and great vessels. It occurs in about 5-8/1000 live births. Cyanotic congenital heart disease is often noted perinatally because of cyanosis, respiratory distress and/or poor feeding or other distress type problems. A review can be found here. Acyanotic congenital heart disease (ACHD) can present at birth but often is seen in older children or adults unless the lesions are severe, especially obstructive lesions. Severe lesions may also cause cyanosis and distress type problems in patients also. Shunting lesions cause problems by diverting blood flo...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Rahul Gupta, Ankit Singh, Arun Kumar GuptaJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2020 25(4):248-250 We, herein, present an extremely rare case of an esophageal atresia (EA) with distal tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) with additional perforated membrane at the lower one-third of fistula. A neonate presented with difficulty in breathing and excessive frothing from the mouth. Radiograph with red rubber catheter in situ(obstruction at 10 cm from the gum margins) suggested EA with distal TEF. During thoracotomy, after ligation of fistula, a 6 Fr infant feeding tube was introduced into the distal esophagus which re...
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Timely identification of esophageal atresia is challenging. Diagnosis may be suspected antenatally with a combination of polyhydramnios, associated with a small or absent stomach bubble or other anomalies. Esophageal atresia can be suspected postnatally in the presence of tachypnea, increased oral secretions, and an inability to advance an orogastric tube. Failure to recognize an esophageal atresia can have life-threatening implications. CLINICAL FINDINGS: A 5-day-old infant with a history of failure to thrive and respiratory distress presented in a community emergency department followin...
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundThe clinical and plain radiographic differentiation of congenital intrinsic duodenal anomalies (atresia, web, stenosis) from intestinal malrotation is not always clear. Although sonography has been documented as an important diagnostic tool in the differentiation of these two entities, its role is still not widely appreciated and it is still not universally utilized in this clinical setting.ObjectiveTo assess the usefulness of sonographic features of the duodenal and gastric wall in the differentiation of congenital intrinsic duodenal anomalies from midgut malrotation in a large series of neonates and to ...
Source: Pediatric Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo characterise (1) the risk factors associated with inferior vena cava (IVC) atresia, (2) the radiographic and clinical presentations of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients with IVC atresia, and (3) the treatment and outcome of DVT in patients with IVC atresia.MethodsThe electronic medical record was systematically reviewed for thrombotic risk factors in patients who presented with lower-extremity DVT (n = 409) at a single centre between 1996 and 2017. Patients with IVC atresia were identified based on imaging and chart review. Differences in demographics and thrombotic risk factors between...
Source: CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
This study aimed to present a rare case of pathological fracture of femur in Alagille syndrome patient and its management in our hospital.Six-year-old male with pain on his right thigh came to our ER after fell down while putting on his pants. He had been diagnosed with biliary atresia at the age of 3 months and underwent surgical bile duct reconstruction. In addition, he also suffered from congenital hypothyroidism and consequently, stunted growth. The pathological fracture of the femur was treated conservatively with hemispica cast. At 2 months follow up, there is already radiographic evidence of fracture healing occurre...
Source: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Cervical ribs are frequent and abnormal vertebral patterns are more extended in the presence of associated anomalies. These findings support the hypothesized selection against vertebral patterning variations and emphasize the relevance of assessment of the vertebral pattern. PMID: 31645054 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pediatric Research - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Pediatr Res Source Type: research
Conclusion: Prediction of gap length by vertebral level of arrest of the nasogastric tube in the upper pouch in a preoperative chest X-ray correlated well with intra operatively measured gap length in cases of EA-TEF.
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
This article presents two patients with radiographic diagnosis of vertebral artery disease. In case 1, the large field of view CBCT volume was obtained for evaluation of the temporomandibular joints. A curvilinear high-density structure was seen within the left transverse foramen of C3. Based on the density, location, and shape, a radiographic diagnosis of calcified atheromatous plaque was made. The patient was referred to her physician for management. In case 2, irregularly shaped, small, high-density structures were noted on the CBCT examination close to the left carotid bifurcation at the level of C3–C4. It was al...
Source: Journal of Orofacial Sciences - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Discussion –-       Bronchial atresia usually is benign and asymptomatic and is incidental finding&clinical manifestations may range from recurrent pulmonary infections to mild wheezing and dyspnea. Bronchial atresia is a congenital abnormality resulting from focal interruption of a lobar, segmental, or subsegmental bronchus with associated peripheral mucus impaction (bronchocele, mucocele) and associated hyperinflation of the obstructed lung segment. The apicoposterior segmental bronchus of the left upper lobe is most common site to be involved, followed by segmental bronc...
Source: Sumer's Radiology Site - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
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