The Benefits and Risks of Statin Therapy in Ischemic Stroke: A Review of the Literature

Wang Zhao, Zhi-Jie Xiao, Shui-Ping ZhaoNeurology India 2019 67(4):983-992 Statins are effective cholesterol-lowering drugs for reducing the risks of mortality and morbidity of cardiovascular diseases. Increasing evidence has shown that statin use is associated with a significant beneficial effect in patients with ischemic stroke. Both pre-stroke and post-stroke statin use has been found to be beneficial in ischemic stroke. Furthermore, good adherence is associated with a better clinical outcome, and statin withdrawal is associated with a poor functional outcome in patients with ischemic stroke. High-intensity statin therapy is advocated for the treatment of ischemic stroke. However, there are concerns regarding the adverse effects associated with statin use in ischemic stroke such as intracranial hemorrhage. In this review, we summarize the beneficial effect of statin use in ischemic stroke and discuss the potential risks associated with statin therapy.
Source: Neurology India - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Our study does not show any significant association between risk of sICH and poor outcome after IVT for patients on prior statin therapy. We also did not find significant association between the risk of sICH and poor outcome after IVT and the intensity of the stain used.Cerebrovasc Dis
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Data from the literature suggest an association between statin use and a reduced risk of ASPSS after ischemic stroke and a reduced risk of PSE after ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Although the certainty of the evidence is low, these findings appear promising and worthy of further investigation. PMID: 32916580 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
A new meta-analysis has concluded that the benefit of statin therapy in the prevention of ischemic stroke'greatly exceeds'the risk for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH).Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Pathology Headlines - Category: Pathology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news
This article reviews the evidence base and recommendations for medical management for secondary stroke prevention. RECENT FINDINGS Recent developments for secondary stroke prevention include evidence to support the use of short-term dual antiplatelet therapy after minor stroke and transient ischemic attack, direct oral anticoagulants for nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, reversal agents for direct oral anticoagulant–associated hemorrhage, and aspirin rather than presumptive anticoagulation with a direct oral anticoagulant for embolic stroke of undetermined source. SUMMARY Most strokes are preventable. The mainst...
Source: CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: REVIEW ARTICLES Source Type: research
Authors: Cheng Y, Qiao L, Jiang Z, Dong X, Feng H, Gui Q, Lu Y, Liang Y Abstract The dose-dependent pleiotropic effects of statin therapy may have unwanted side effects such as increasing the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The relationships among statin therapy, LDL-cholesterol levels, and ICH risk remain controversial. Here, we conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of dose-dependent statin therapy and ICH risk. Eligible articles were identified by searching MEDLINE from inception up to December 1, 2018. Reference lists of previous meta-analyses were manually searched to retrieve all relevant publi...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
The objectives of the study were to examine the temporal trends and patient characteristics associated with prescription of thrombolytic, antithrombotic and statin medications among patients with first-ever stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First-ever ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke patients admitted to 2 Singapore tertiary hospitals between 2010‒2014 were included. Data were extracted from the National Healthcare Group Chronic Disease Management System. Association between drug utilisation and admission year, as well as characteristics associated with drug use, were explored using multivariable logistic regression. ...
Source: Ann Acad Med Singapo... - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Acad Med Singapore Source Type: research
Abstract There are no specific therapies for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), and clinical data evaluating the effects of non-specific therapies on ADPKD patients are scarce. We therefore evaluated those effects using data from a longitudinal health insurance database collected from 2000-2010. We individually selected patients with and without ADPKD from inpatient data files as well as from the catastrophic illness registry in Taiwan based on 1:5 frequency matching for sex, age, and index year. The hazard ratios (HR) of all-cause mortality, ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke and end-stage ren...
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Low EPA/AA ratio at baseline and treatment without statins could predict mortality, recurrent ischemic stroke, cardiovascular and peripheral artery diseases, and hemorrhagic stroke among patients with acute ischemic stroke. The combination of baseline EPA/AA ratio and statin therapy could be critical in predicting the long-term prognosis of ischemic stroke patients. PMID: 31969533 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewHyperlipidemia is a key therapeutic target for stroke risk modification. The goal of this review is to highlight available treatment options and review their efficacy in the setting of general cardiovascular disease and after most subtypes of ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke.Recent findingsStatins remain first-line in the management of hyperlipidemia to prevent stroke. In recent trials of patients with pre-existing atherosclerotic vascular disease, new agents, most notably PCSK9 inhibitors and ezetimibe, added additional stroke risk reduction when combined with statins.SummaryRisk of stroke c...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionBoth neurologic and medical complications were common in majority of stroke patients. But the management protocol for stroke patients was sub-optimal and lagging behind the recommended guidelines due to lack of skilled personnel, appropriate treatment and diagnostic agents. The clinical team involved in the care of stroke patients should make preparations to take preventive measures that will save a lot of lives.
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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