Sex differences in fetal growth and immediate birth outcomes in a low-risk Caucasian population

AbstractBackgroundAccording to the WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study Group recommendations, boys and girls have different growth trajectories after birth. Our aim was to develop gender-specific fetal growth curves in a low-risk population and to compare immediate birth outcomes.MethodsFirst, second, and third trimester fetal ultrasound examinations were conducted between 2002 and 2012. The data was selected using the following criteria: routine examinations in uncomplicated singleton pregnancies, Caucasian ethnicity, and confirmation of gestational age by a crown-rump length (CRL) measurement in the first trimester. Generalized Additive Model for Location, Scale and Shape (GAMLSS) was used to align the time frames of the longitudinal fetal measurements, corresponding with the methods of the postnatal growth curves of the WHO MGRS Group.ResultsA total of 27,680 complete scans were selected from the astraia © ultrasound database representing 12,368 pregnancies. Gender-specific fetal growth curves for biparietal diameter (BPD), head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC), and femur length (FL) were derived. The HC and BPD were significantly larger in boys compared to girls from 20 weeks of gestation onwards (p 
Source: Biology of Sex Differences - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Intertwin discordance in fetal size at 11-13 weeks' gestation and pregnancy outcome. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Nov 11;: Authors: Litwinska E, Syngelaki A, Cimpoca B, Sapantzoglou I, Nicolaides KH Abstract OBJECTIVES: To investigate the value of inter-twin discordance in fetal crown-rump length (CRL) at the 11-13 weeks scan in the prediction of adverse outcome in dichorionic (DC), monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) and monochorionic monoamniotic (MCMA) twin pregnancies. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on twin pregnancies undergoing routin...
Source: The Ultrasound Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Infertility is defined by failure to achieve a pregnancy after 12 months or more of appropriate timed unprotected intercourse or therapeutic donor insemination. Ultrasound has now become an essential component of the modern investigation of female infertility and the management of assisted conception. Scans are predominantly performed transvaginally and recent technological advances such as 3D and Doppler imaging enhance our understanding of ovarian function such as ovarian reserve, follicular maturity and the assessment of polycystic morphology in the identification of polycystic ovarian syndrome. This chapter describes t...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics - Category: OBGYN Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The problem of unexpected non-cephalic presentation in labor can to a great extent be overcome by a routine ultrasound examination at 35+0 - 36+6 weeks' gestation. The incidence of non-cephalic presentation at the 35+0 - 36+6 weeks scan was about 5%, but, in about 40% of these cases the presentation at birth was cephalic, mainly due to subsequent spontaneous rotation and to a lesser extent as a consequence of successful ECV. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31671470 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Ultrasound Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe performance of the Danish national screening program for SGA based on selective EFWus on clinical indication have improved considerably over the last 20 years. Limitations of the program are the large proportion of women referred to ultrasound scan and the low performance post ‐term.
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundEndometriosis can exert obvious negative effects on women ’s quality of life.Excisional surgery is among the most effective treatments for severe pelvic endometriosis. The prevalence of severe pelvic adhesions following a laparoscopic examination of severe endometriosis varies between 50 and 100%. Temporary intraoperative ovarian suspension is a method for the reduction of adhesions is in the treatment of severe pelvic endometriosis. Given the importance and the prevalence of endometriosis and its complications, we conducted the present study to determine more effective adhesion-reducing methods wit...
Source: Gynecological Surgery - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Conclusions: Uterine arteries POPB is a promising technique that may be adopted in women with placenta praevia to prevent hemorrhagic complications. PMID: 31642721 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minimally Invasive Therapy and Allied Technologies - Category: Surgery Tags: Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol Source Type: research
Celebrating the discovery of your unborn baby ’s sex has been coopted by people with repressive, polarised ideas, says the woman who began the trendIn 2008, Jenna Myers Karvunidis was pregnant and itching to throw a party. “Life is hard, but I like to have fun,” she explains. “I think it’s important to mark moments of joy.” Karvunidis (who loves celebrating so much that she baked a cake for her goldfish’s birthday) was determined to get her family “jazzed up” about her first baby. After the recent, muc h-anticipated birth of her nephew, her husband’s family were l...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Gender Life and style Psychology Science Health & wellbeing World news Source Type: news
ConclusionsP1 and M4 performed similarly with respect to diagnostic accuracy in predicting PUL outcome. P1 needs to be externally validated.
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
ConclusionWomen with IVF-related EUP were less symptomatic upon presentation and underwent surgery for first-line treatment more often than those with spontaneous EUP did. The type of conception was not a prognostic factor for success of first-line conservative treatment. Observation alone was more successful among IVF pregnancies.
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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