Change in overweight and obesity over a decade according to sociodemographic factors in Brazilian adolescents

Abstract The aims were to examine changes in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among students from 2001 to 2011, and to verify if these changes differ according to age group, area of residence, and family income. We analyzed two cross-sectional surveys conducted in 2001 and 2011 with brazilian adolescents. Sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics were self-reported using a questionnaire. Multinomial logistic regression was used to analyze changes in overweight and obesity between the two surveys. The nutritional status was the outcome of the present study and the surveys (2001 and 2011) were the exposure. The odds of being overweight and obese were higher among boys and girls in urban areas in the 2011 survey compared to the 2001. Boys and girls with higher income were also more likely to present overweight and obesity in the second survey compared to the first. An increase of overweight and obesity was observed over a decade. We suggest that future interventions consider the area of residence and the family income to strengthen the effectiveness of actions developed to prevent and control these indicators among adolescents.Resumo Os objetivos do estudo foram examinar as mudan ças na prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade entre os estudantes de 2001 a 2011 e verificar se essas alterações diferem de acordo com a faixa etária, a área de residência e a renda familiar. Analisamos dois levantamentos transversais realiz...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Small Ruminant ResearchAuthor(s): J. Reintke, K. Brügemann, H. Wagner, P. Engel, A. Wehrend, S. KönigAbstractThere is an increasing economic pressure in sheep production. Hence, it is imperative to use all available tools contributing to improvements in lamb survival. In this regard, there is a lack of studies addressing the impact of maternal body condition traits on lamb performances during lactation. Specifically, the focus of the present study was to analyse associations between ewe traits reflecting maternal energy metabolism and lamb body weight (LB...
Source: Small Ruminant Research - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, e-First Articles. We are currently facing an “obesity epidemic” worldwide. Promoting inefficient metabolism in muscle represents a potential treatment for obesity and its complications. Sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) pumps in muscle are responsible for maintaining low cytosolic Ca2+ concentration through the ATP-depe ndent pumping of Ca2+ from the cytosol into the SR lumen. SERCA activity has the potential to be a critical regulator of body mass and adiposity given that it is estimated to contribute upwards of 20% of daily energy expenditure....
Source: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism - Category: Physiology Authors: Source Type: research
This study describes the nutritional status of Qom preschoolers in general, and by neighborhood area and family's socioeconomic characteristics in a peri-urban village of Formosa, Argentina. Across-sectional study was carried out between January and December 2016, with 160 Qom children between 2 and 5 years of age. Interviews and anthropometric measures were conducted at the children's homes. Nutritional status was determined by body mass index. The prevalence of excess weight (overweight + obesity) and of stunting were associated with neighborhood area and socioeconomic level. The overall prevalence of stunting was 15.6% ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research
Authors: Singh AK, Singh R Abstract BACKGROUND: Lorcaserin is a novel, selective 5-hydroxytryptamine 2C serotonin receptor agonist, approved for the treatment of obesity. Several phase 3 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) trials have shown a significant reduction in body weight with lorcaserin. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We systematically searched the database of PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library and ClinicalTrials.gov up to July 31, 2019 and retrieved all the studies conducted with lorcaserin for ≥ 1-year that have explicitly reported the efficacy and safety outcomes versus placebo. Subsequently, we s...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Dayan D, Kuriansky J, Abu-Abeid S Abstract BACKGROUND: The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery helps patients achieve excellent excess weight loss, with subsequent improvement or resolution of co-morbidities. However, up to 20% of all RYGB patients, and 40% of the super morbidly obese, experience significant weight regain. The etiology of weight regain is multifactorial; hence, multidisciplinary management is mandatory. Revision options for failed conservative and medical management include resizing the restrictive component of the bypass or intensifying malabsorption. While improvement of restriction ...
Source: The Israel Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Isr Med Assoc J Source Type: research
Conditions:   Intermittent Fasting;   Obesity, Morbid;   Comorbidities and Coexisting Conditions;   Weight Loss;   Fluid Retention Intervention:   Behavioral: Intermittent fasting Sponsor:   Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Obesity;   Weight Loss Interventions:   Other: Multidisciplinary weight loss program;   Other: Standard Care;   Drug: Metformin Hcl 850Mg Tab Sponsor:   American University of Beirut Medical Center Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Airway Management;   Obesity Interventions:   Device: Air-Q intubating laryngeal airway;   Device: Ambu-Aura intubating laryngeal mask Sponsor:   Cairo University Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Physical Activity;   Fitness;   Overweight and Obesity Intervention:   Behavioral: Phisical activity intervention Sponsor:   Universidad Autónoma de Chile Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Overweight and Obesity;   Insulin Resistance Intervention:   Procedure: Cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) Sponsor:   Massachusetts General Hospital Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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