Child mortality and classification of its preventability by skin color or ethnicity in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

Resumo Estudo epidemiol ógico que objetivou analisar os óbitos infantis em menores de um ano e seus critérios de evitabilidade por cor ou raça, em Mato Grosso do Sul, de 2005 a 2013, a partir dos Sistemas de Informações sobre Mortalidade e sobre Nascidos Vivos. Elaborou-se o coeficiente de mortalidade infantil anual e a descrição dos óbitos por componentes e por grupo de causas evitáveis, mal definidas e não evitáveis para os três triênios. Observou-se declínio do coeficiente de mortalidade infantil para todas as categorias de cor ou raça, com predomínio para as crianças pardas e pretas. O component e Neonatal precoce apresentou maior percentual de óbitos para todas as categorias, com exceção da indígena que registrou predomínio no componente Pós-neonatal. Os óbitos ocorreram, majoritariamente, por causas evitáveis e não foram homogêneos entre as categorias de cor ou raça. Os óbitos por causas mal definidas predominaram entre as crianças indígenas e pardas. A investigação dos óbitos apontou diferenças nos componentes de mortalidade e nas causas evitáveis segundo recorte étnico racial, o que poderá contribuir para o direcionamento de políticas públicas que qualifique m a rede assistencial materno-i...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

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Authors: Karimi G, Vard B, Riyahi R, Motlagh ME, Heshmat R, Kelishadi R Abstract This cross-sectional study was conducted among 14,400 Iranian students, aged 7-18 years to determine the association between the frequency of family dinner and mental health. Family dinner frequency, family relationship, life satisfaction (LS), self-perceived health and anxiety were assessed by validated questionnaires. Of 14,274 participants, 50.6% were boys and 71.4% were urban residents, with a mean (SD) age of 12.28 (3.16) years. Family dinner frequency was significantly correlated with LS (boys: β = 0.27, p 
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research
In this study we explored the use of a natural compound rubusoside (RUB) as a solubilizer to enhance the solubility of a fluorescence-labeled C6-Ceramide (NBD C6-Ceramide) and to characterize its pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution in an animal model. RUB significantly enhanced the solubility of NBD C6-Ceramide by forming nanomicelles, and efficiently delivered NBD C6-Ceramide in rats by oral and intravenous administration. RUB loaded 1.96% of NBD C6-Ceramide in the nanomicelles and solubilized it to a concentration of 3.6 mg/mL in water. NBD C6-Ceramide in nanomicelles remained stable in aqueous solutions, all...
Source: Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators - Category: Lipidology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Prostaglandins &Other Lipid MediatorsAuthor(s): Giorgio Mottola, Evan Werlin, Bian Wu, Mian Chen, Anuran Chatterjee, Melinda Schaller, Michael S. ConteAbstractInflammation ensuing from vascular injury promotes intimal hyperplasia (IH) and restenosis. Resolvin D1 (RvD1) is a lipid mediator that attenuates IH in vivo when delivered locally to the vessel wall in animal models. We tested the hypothesis that peri-procedural oral administration of RvD1 could blunt the local inflammatory response to angioplasty, and attenuate downstream IH. Carotid angioplasty was per...
Source: Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators - Category: Lipidology Source Type: research
First-of-its-kind trial evaluates decision aid’s efficacy
Source: St. Michael's Hospital News and Media - Category: Hospital Management Tags: Hospital News Source Type: news
Authors: Glauser W PMID: 31818934 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
Authors: Owens B PMID: 31818933 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
Authors: Dermer M, Martel J, Greenhill A PMID: 31818932 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
Authors: Robson R PMID: 31818931 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
Authors: Lamb S PMID: 31818930 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
Authors: Zimmer V, Glanemann M, Lammert F PMID: 31818929 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
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