Self-reported prevalence of hypertension and associated factors in quilombola communities in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo identificar a preval ência e fatores associados à hipertensão arterial (HA) em adultos quilombolas do Rio Grande do Sul (RS). Trata-se de um estudo transversal de base populacional, realizado em 2011, com 589 adultos responsáveis por domicílios e amostragem proporcional ao tamanho. O desfecho foi obtido com a pergu nta: “ Algum m édico já lhe disse que você tem hipertensão? ” . Foi empregada regress ão de Poisson, com variância robusta e entrada hierarquizada das variáveis. Por fim, foram calculadas as frações atribuíveis populacionais por componente (FAPC) para fatores modificáveis associados à HA. A prevalência autorreferida de HA foi de 38,3% (IC95% 31,4%-45,1%). A análise ajustada revelou associação do desfecho com faixa etária, escolaridade, consumo excessivo de álcool, circunferência da cintura acima do adequado e presença de diabetes. A análise dos FAPC revelou que, se os indivíduos tivessem maior escolaridade, a prevalência de HA seria reduzida. Diante da elevad a prevalência de HA e da extrema vulnerabilidade social dessa população, políticas públicas que garantam seu acesso a direitos fundamentais (saúde, renda e escolaridade) poderiam ter impacto importante na diminuição dess...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

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DiscussionThis overview will assess current evidence from systematic reviews for the association between cadmium exposure and risk of T2DM and other metabolic morbidities. This overview may be helpful for policy-makers and healthcare teams aiming to mitigate T2DM risk in populations at risk of cadmium exposure.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42019125956
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusion: We found that serum carbohydrate antigen 19-9 level was positively and independently associated with arterial stiffness and coronary artery calcification.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Organ damage Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Higher BP is a risk factor for T2DM in middle-aged and elderly Chines. It may be a potential target for diabetes prevention. PMID: 31769238 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Current evidence implicates a possible association between PEI and malnutrition in patients with CHF. Chronic pancreatic tissue hypoxic injury driven by prolonged splanchnic hypoperfusion is likely to contribute to malnutrition and cachexia in patients with CHF. On the other hand, CP and PEI seem to be an independent risk factor associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. PMID: 31802835 [PubMed - in process]
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Adolescent hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors tend to track into adulthood. Consequently, there is a need to determine the prevalence of hypertension and pre-hypertension, and its co-existence with glycaemia, obesity, tobacco and alcohol use among senior secondary school students in Botswana. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken between December 2015 and March 2016 among students in selected rural and urban senior secondary schools in Botswana. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire, measurements and fasting blood glucose testing. Particip...
Source: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiovasc J Afr Source Type: research
By Margarite Nathe, Principal Editor/Writer, IntraHealth International ; Lucy Mphuru, Country Director&Project Director, Tohara Plus Project Lucy Mphuru (center left) talks with health workers and clients at an IntraHealth-supported mobile clinic in Shinyanga that provides voluntary male circumcision services. Photo by Trevor Snapp for IntraHealth International.November 26, 2019Lucy Mphuru has a big job.Every day, she and her team at IntraHealth International in Tanzania work with frontline health workers and government partners to improve health services in a country of 58 million—1.6 million of whom live ...
Source: IntraHealth International - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: HIV & AIDS Community Engagement Leadership and Governance World AIDS Day Health Workforce Systems Source Type: news
We describe the burden of gout and determine predictors of achieving SU target in gout patients in Singapore. This was a cross-sectional study of 282 gout patients from a Singapore hospital rheumatology service. Sociodem ographic and lifestyle factors, co-existing medical conditions and medications, gout history and severity, SU levels and treatment were obtained. Patients with SU ≤ 360 µmol/L were compared with those >  360 µmol/L to determine factors associated with achieving SU target. Descriptive statistics and multivariate model were used. Severe disease was repo...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The present study demonstrated an association between fibrosis, a finding of worse prognosis in patients with NAFLD, and moderate to severe OSA, regardless of obesity.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and control of breathing Source Type: research
Aims: To collect real life clinical data and long-term follow-up of all CHF patients grade of severity (reduced (HFrEF), mid-range (HFmrEF) or preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)) with SDB requesting ASV.Methods: Medical history, medications, clinical presentation, sleep study, cardiac function and quality of life were assessed at inclusion. Patients are followed up to 2 years. Inclusion data are presented in median with interquartile range or in % of the sample.Results: 509 CHF pts were included, 72 [64; 79] year old, men (88%) and with a BMI of 28 [25; 32] kg/m². Patients were HFrEF, HFmrEF and HFpEF, in 31, 20, and...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and control of breathing Source Type: research
Conclusions: The follow-up after discharge in specialized units of tobacco cessation is very low, yet the efficacy of the treatment per year was high.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tobacco, smoking control and health educ. Source Type: research
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