Effects of antibiotics and antiseptics on conjunctival bacterial flora in patients undergoing intravitreal injections

ABSTRACT This systematic review aimed to assess the effectiveness of using preservative-free artificial tears versus preserved lubricants for the treatment of dry eyes in Universidade Federal de Alagoas (PROSPERO 2018 CRD42018089933). Online databases were searched (LILACS, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and CENTRAL) from inception to April 2018; references from included papers were also searched. The following keywords were used: lubricants OR artificial tears OR artificial tears, lubricants AND dry eye OR dry eye syndrome OR syndromes, dry eye OR dry eyes. Among the 2028 electronic search results, 29 full papers were retrieved and four were considered relevant. The number of participants from these studies ranged from 15 to 76. Meta-analysis was possible for the following outcomes: score of symptoms according to the Ocular Surface Disease Index - Allergan (OSDI), tear secretion rate using the Schirmer test, tear evaporation rate using the tear film breakup time test, burning, foreign body sensation, and photophobia. No statistically significant difference was observed between the two groups, and no side effects were attributed to the interventions. Evidence proving that preservative-free artificial tears are more effective than preserved artificial tears is lacking.RESUMO Esta revis ão sistemática teve como objetivo avaliar a eficácia do uso de lágrimas artificiais sem conservantes em comparação com lubrificantes preservados no tratamento do olho...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

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ConclusionThis antimicrobial stewardship intervention can be used to provide patients with reported antibiotic allergy labels with the preferred antibiotic treatment and to de-label them after uneventful re-exposure to the antibiotic agent.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Date: Wednesday, 11 13, 2019; Speaker: Jason Brenchley, Ph.D., Senior Investigator, Barrier Immunity Section, Laboratory of Viral Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases; Building: Building 45 (Natcher Building); Ruth Kirschstein Auditorium
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
Date: Wednesday, 11 13, 2019; Speaker: Lawrence Wang, Doctoral Candidate, Immunology Laboratory, Cellular Immunology Section, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, VRC; Building: Building 45 (Natcher Building); Ruth Kirschstein Auditorium
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
Date: Wednesday, 11 13, 2019; Speaker: Laura Amo, Ph.D. , Postdoctoral Fellow, Laboratory of Immunogenetics, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases; Building: Building 45 (Natcher Building); Ruth Kirschstein Auditorium
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
Date: Wednesday, 11 13, 2019; Speaker: Apollo Stacy, Ph.D. , Postdoctoral Fellow, Laboratory of Immune System Biology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases; Building: Building 45 (Natcher Building)
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
Conclusions:The absence of demographic or clinical predictors of OSA supports using general indications for PSG in children with ASD.Citation:Tomkies A, Johnson RF, Shah G, Caraballo M, Evans P, Mitchell RB. Obstructive sleep apnea in children with autism.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(10):1469–1476.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
This article reports the characterization and evaluation of the biotechnological potential of a cysteine protease purified from Calotropis procera (CpCP3). This enzyme was highly stable to different metal ions and was able to hydrolyze κ-casein similarly to bovine chymosin. Atomic force microscopy showed that the process of casein micelle aggregation induced by CpCP3 was similar to that caused by chymosin. The cheeses made using CpCP3 showed higher moisture content than those made with chymosin, but protein, fat, and ash were similar. The sensory analysis showed that cheeses made with CpCP3 had high acceptance index ...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Mothers are being urged by researchers in Australia to 'seek advice' if their baby is heavy. Their study found for every 2.2lbs (1kg) of weight, a babies risk of allergies increases by 44 per cent.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
This brief primer reviews the pathophysiology of herpes zoster, and summarizes the results of the clinical trials of Shingrex, the newly approved recombinant vaccine for HZ prevention.Skin Therapy Letter
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Dermatology Journal Article Source Type: news
This study assesses the adherence to guidelines on peanut allergy assessment in infants aged 4 to 6 months in a clinic supplied with clinical decision support tools vs a comparator clinic.
Source: JAMA Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
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