OLIG2 is a novel immunohistochemical marker associated with the presence of PAX3/7-FOXO1 translocation in rhabdomyosarcomas

The most frequent histological types of rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) in children are embryonal (ERMS) and alveolar (ARMS) tumours. The majority of ARMS are characterized by the presence of PAX3/7-FOXO1 gene fusion a...
Source: Diagnostic Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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Jie Zhang Kun Huang Rhabdomyosarcoma is subclassified by the presence or absence of a recurrent chromosome translocation that fuses the FOXO1 and PAX3 or PAX7 genes. The fusion protein (FOXO1-PAX3/7) retains both binding domains and becomes a novel and potent transcriptional regulator in rhabdomyosarcoma subtypes. Many studies have characterized and integrated genomic, transcriptomic, and epigenomic differences among rhabdomyosarcoma subtypes that contain the FOXO1-PAX3/7 gene fusion and those that do not; however, few investigations have investigated how gene co-expression networks are altered by FOXO1-PAX3/7. Altho...
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study seeks to investigate the expression of ZBTB16 in PNET and other small round blue cell tumors as well as its potential diagnostic utility. Immunohistochemical expression of the ZBTB16 was studied in a total of 27 PNETs (12 pPNETs, 8 cPNETs, 3 primary testicular gPNETs, and 4 metastatic gPNETs) and 38 small round blue cell tumors. Positive expression for ZBTB16 was seen diffusely in 9/12 (75%), moderately in 2/12 (17%) and focally in 1/12 (8%) of pPNETs, diffusely in 3/7 (43%) and moderately in 4/7 (57%) of gPNETs, and diffusely in 2/8 (25%), moderately in 2/8 (25%) and focally in 4/8 (50%) of cPNETs. Whereas, all...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
This study seeks to investigate the expression of ZBTB16 in PNET and other small round blue cell tumors as well as its potential diagnostic utility. Immunohistochemical expression of the ZBTB16 was studied in a total of 27 PNETs (12 pPNETs, 8 cPNETs, 3 primary testicular gPNETs, and 4 metastatic gPNETs) and 38 small round blue cell tumors. Positive expression for ZBTB16 was seen diffusely in 9/12 (75%), moderately in 2/12 (17%) and focally in 1/12 (8%) of pPNETs, diffusely in 3/7 (43%) and moderately in 4/7 (57%) of gPNETs, and diffusely in 2/8 (25%), moderately in 2/8 (25%) and focally in 4/8 (50%) of cPNETs. Whereas, all...
Source: Pathology, Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Pathol Res Pract Source Type: research
Authors: Hatina J, Kripnerova M, Houfkova K, Pesta M, Kuncova J, Sana J, Slaby O, Rodríguez R Abstract Sarcomas represent an extensive group of divergent malignant diseases, with the only common characteristic of being derived from mesenchymal cells. As such, sarcomas are by definition very heterogeneous, and this heterogeneity does not manifest only upon intertumoral comparison on a bulk tumor level but can be extended to intratumoral level. Whereas part of this intratumoral heterogeneity could be understood in terms of clonal genetic evolution, an essential part includes a hierarchical relationship between...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Yi He†, Wenyong Long† and Qing Liu* Department of Neurosurgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China Super-enhancers (SEs) refer to large clusters of enhancers that drive gene expressions. Recent data has provided novel insights in elucidating the roles of SEs in many diseases, including cancer. Many mechanisms involved in tumorigenesis and progression, ranging from internal gene mutation and rearrangement to external damage and inducement, have been demonstrated to be highly associated with SEs. Moreover, translocation, formation, deletion, or duplication of SEs themselves co...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, osmotic burst of inflated complement-damaged cells may occur, but these bursts are most likely a consequence of metabolic collapse of the cell rather than the cause of cell death. The Complement Cell Death Mediator: A Concerted Action of Toxic Moieties Membrane pores caused by complement were first visualized by electron microscopy on red blood cell membranes as large ring structures (22). Similar lesions were viewed on E. coli cell walls (23). Over the years, ample information on the fine ultrastructure of the MAC that can activate cell death has been gathered (24) and has been recently further examined (...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
AbstractConventional well-differentiated, dedifferentiated, and myxoid liposarcomas have long been known to harbor numerous typical genetic alterations that allow for diagnosis of these tumors. These includeMDM2 andCDK4 amplification in well-differentiated and dedifferentiated liposarcomas as well as FUS-DDIT3 rearrangements in myxoid liposarcoma. More recently, in-frameTRIO-TERT fusion genes have been described in a subset of non-translocation-related sarcomas including myxofibrosarcoma, dedifferentiated liposarcoma, undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma, and leiomyosarcoma. These genetic rear...
Source: Virchows Archiv - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Authors: Xing Z, Wei L, Jiang X, Conroy J, Glenn S, Bshara W, Yu T, Pao A, Tanaka S, Kawai A, Choi C, Wang J, Liu S, Morrison C, Yu YE Abstract Synovial sarcoma is the most common pediatric non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma and accounts for about 8-10% of all soft tissue sarcoma in childhood and adolescence. The presence of a chromosomal translocation-associated SS18-SSX-fusion gene is causally linked to development of primary synovial sarcoma. Metastases occur in approximately 50-70% of synovial sarcoma cases with yet unknown mechanisms, which led to about 70-80% mortality rate in five years. To explore the...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Background: Thanks to the total therapy and systemic basic-translation research, the overall survival rate in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has dramatically improved to almost 90% over these past few decades. FOXO1 gene belongs to the forkhead family of transcription factors, which play roles in myogenic growth and differentiation. Translocation of FOXO1 with PAX3 has been reported in pediatric alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma. In B-cell precursor ALL, two cases with FOXO1 fusions have been identified already, while its function on ALL remains unknown. Here, we report a novel MEIS1-FOXO1 fusion gene in a case w...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 618. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Biology, Cytogenetics, and Molecular Markers in Diagnosis and Prognosis Source Type: research
Authors: Namatame N, Tamaki N, Yoshizawa Y, Okamura M, Nishimura Y, Yamazaki K, Tanaka M, Nakamura T, Semba K, Yamori T, Yaguchi SI, Dan S Abstract Treatment of patients with advanced sarcoma remains challenging due to lack of effective medicine, with the development of novel drugs being of keen interest. A pan-PI3K inhibitor, ZSTK474, has been evaluated in clinical trials against a range of advanced solid tumors, with clinical benefit shown in sarcoma patients. In the present study, we developed a panel of 14 human sarcoma cell lines and investigated the antitumor effect of 24 anticancer agents including ZSTK474, ...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
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