Medical News Today: Vegetarian heart health: Study identifies benefits and risks

A new study concludes that a vegetarian diet reduces the risk of ischemic heart disease. It also finds a small but surprising increased risk of stroke.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Nutrition / Diet Source Type: news

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ConclusionThe prevalence of the PEX increased significantly with age. The risk of the PEX was significantly higher among persons with IHD and even higher among persons with IHD and stroke. In the future, a greater understanding of the cardiovascular, metabolic, and environmental components associated with the PEX may lead to more specific lifestyle-related preventive strategies to decrease the disease burden.
Source: International Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We found that even moderate serum levels of NT-proBNP were associated with the risk of total and ischemic strokes among Japanese whose NT-proBNP levels were relatively low compared with Westerners. PMID: 31932552 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
We examined frequency, clinical characteristics and AF‐related management and outcomes amongst this patient population.MethodsWe retrospectively studied consecutive probands with inherited cardiomyopathy (n=962) and inherited arrhythmia syndromes (n=195) evaluated between 2002 ‐2018.ResultsAF was observed in 5 ‐31% of patients, with the highest frequency in HCM. Age of AF onset was 45.8 ± 21.9 years in the inherited arrhythmia syndromes compared to 53.3 ± 15.3 years in the inherited cardiomyopathies, with 4 CPVT patients developing AF at median age of 20 years. Overall, 11% of patients with AF had a t r...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
A, Sørensen M Abstract Exposure to traffic noise is associated with stress and sleep disturbances. The World Health Organization (WHO) recently concluded that road traffic noise increases the risk for ischemic heart disease and potentially other cardiometabolic diseases, including stroke, obesity, and diabetes. The WHO report focused on whole-day noise exposure, but new epidemiological and translational field noise studies indicate that nighttime noise, in particular, is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) through increased levels of stress hormones and vascular oxidative stress, lead...
Source: Annual Review of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Annu Rev Public Health Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the associations of choline-related nutrients with cardiometabolic and all-cause mortality among black and white Americans and Chinese adults. METHODS: Included were 49,858 blacks, 23,766 whites, and 134,001 Chinese, aged 40-79 y, who participated in 3 prospective cohorts and lived ≥1 y after enrollment. Cox regression models were used to estimate HRs and 95% CIs for cardiometabolic [e.g., ischemic heart disease (IHD), stroke, and diabetes] and all-cause deaths. To account for multiple testing, P values 
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
A former resident texted me this ECG, done for epigastric pain in an 18 year old.  The pain resolved immediately with treatment for acid reflux, and in the clinician's opinion was clearly GI in origin, but he wanted to know what the strange waves in the QRS were:See the unusual notching in II, III, aVF, and V2-V4.I had no idea what they were.  They reminded me of theDelayed Activation Wave associated with circumflex acute MI.See this case: they are clearly different from this.I put it on Facebook EKG club and this is the ...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: History of stroke and smoking, renal insufficiency, and low HDL-C are independent risk factors for PIS. It is feasible to assess the risk of stroke in preoperative patients using PCE in clinical practice. PMID: 31903867 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research
In this study, we quantified the spatiotemporal burden of mortality attributable to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5, which is defined as a mass of particles with an aerodynamic dry diameter of ≤ 2.5 μm) in Taiwan during 2008–2015. Hourly concentrations of PM2.5 were obtained from the Taiwan Air Quality Monitoring Network. According to geographical and climatic characteristics, the Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration has divided Taiwan into seven air quality regions (AQRs): the North (four districts), Chu-Miao (two districts), Central (three districts), Yun-Chia-Nan (three districts...
Source: Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Poor diet is associated with 18.2% of all costs related to treatment of ischemic heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes in the US, new research estimates.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape FamilyMedicine Headlines - Category: Primary Care Tags: Cardiology News Source Type: news
Abstract: Cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as stroke, ischemic heart disease, and heart failure, accounts for many deaths, and its increasing incidence is a worldwide concern. Accumulating evidence suggests that the elevated risk of CVD caused by dysfunction of vascular endothelial cells and resultant arteriosclerosis can be mitigated by increased consumption of fruits and vegetables. These foods contain phytochemicals such as polyphenols and carotenoids, as well as dietary fiber. Flavonoids of the polyphenol class are found in vegetables, fruits, grains, bark, roots, stems, flowers, tea, and wine. Several studies have...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
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