Association between regional body fat and cardiovascular disease risk among postmenopausal women with normal body mass index

AbstractAimsCentral adiposity is associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, even among people with normal body mass index (BMI). We tested the hypothesis that regional body fat deposits (trunk or leg fat) are associated with altered risk of CVD among postmenopausal women with normal BMI.Methods and resultsWe included 2683 postmenopausal women with normal BMI (18.5 to
Source: European Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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Authors: Zhang P, Zou JZ, Chen J, Tan X, Xiang FF, Shen B, Hu JC, Wang JL, Wang YQ, Yu JB, Nie YX, Chen XH, Yu JW, Zhang Z, Lv WL, Xie YQ, Cao XS, Ding XQ Abstract BACKGROUND: Trimethylamine-N-Oxide (TMAO) is a proatherogenic and prothrombotic metabolite. Our study examined the association of plasma TMAO level with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: Patients who were at least 18 years-old and received HD for at least 6 months were enrolled within 6 months. Patients with coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, arrhythmia, or stroke within...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
Conclusion: factors such as severe stroke, dysphagia, advanced age, male gender, coronary heart disease, lower Glasgow coma scale score, use of mechanical ventilation for more than 48 hours, and aspiration of colonized gastric juice were associated with aspiration pneumonia.
Source: Revista CEFAC - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
Previous meta-analyses have suggested that diabetes confers a greater excess risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, vascular dementia, and heart failure in women compared to men. While the underlying mechanis...
Source: Cardiovascular Diabetology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Stroke is the acute onset of neurological deficits and is associated with high morbidity, mortality, and disease burden. In the present study, we aimed to develop a scientific, nomogram for non-invasive predicting risk for early ischemic stroke, in order to improve stroke prevention efforts among high-risk groups. Data were obtained from a total of 2151 patients with early ischemic stroke from October 2017 to September 2018 and from 1527 healthy controls. Risk factors were examined using logistic regression analyses. Nomogram and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn, cutoff values were established. Sig...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Conclusions: This cohort study demonstrates that apo B and the apo B/apo A-I ratio were a significant risk predictor of stroke. Furthermore, the predictive ability of apo B and the apo B/apo A-I ratio in stroke risk was better than routine clinical lipid measurements. Thus, measurements of apolipoproteins have superior clinical utility over traditional lipid measurements in identifying subjects at risk for ischemic stroke.Cerebrovasc Dis
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionOptimizing blood glucose level during the perioperative period with correct medication and dose have a significant role in reducing morbidities. Measures should be taken to provide a safe blood glucose level for optimum outcomes.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesThe burden of multimorbidity is increasing worldwide; however, little is known about trends in multimorbidity prevalence among Chinese older adults. We aimed to estimate the prevalence and trends of multimorbidity in community-dwelling older adults in Beijing.DesignLongitudinal.Setting and participantsResidents of Beijing aged ≥60 years.MeasurementsData were derived from the Beijing Longitudinal Study of Aging, using cluster, stratification, and random sampling. A total of 1842, 2914, and 1837 participants were included in the 2004, 2011, and 2017 sample, respectively. Multimorbidity was defined as the...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2020 -- Coronary artery calcium (CAC) risk score is a better predictor of coronary heart disease (CHD) than stroke, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging. Anurag Mehta, M.D., from...
Source: - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
CONCLUSION Increased pre-operative presepsin independently predicted 30-day MACCE in CAD patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery. Complementing cardiovascular risk prediction by inflammatory biomarkers, such as presepsin, offers potential to improve peri-operative care. However, as prediction accuracy of presepsin was only moderate, further validation studies are needed. TRIAL REGISTRATION NCT03105427.
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Cardiac anaesthesia Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Multimorbid patients with ACS are at a greater risk for worse outcomes than their nonmultimorbid counterparts. Lack of consistent measurement makes interpretation of the impact of multimorbidity challenging and emphasizes the need for more research on multimorbidity's effects on postdischarge healthcare utilization. PMID: 32925234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: J Cardiovasc Nurs Source Type: research
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