Pericarditis due to an unusual microorganismin an immunocompromised patient.
Pericarditis due to an unusual microorganismin an immunocompromised patient. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2019 Sep;47(6):507-511 Authors: Özkalaycı F, Aydın M, Altay H, Kocabaş U, Pehlivanoğlu S Abstract A 77-year-old man with a past medical history of myelodysplastic syndrome, coronary artery disease, hypertension, and chronic atrial fibrillation presented at the hematology outpatient clinic with progressive shortness of breath, weakness, and chest and back pain. Echocardiography was performed and the patient was diagnosed with severe pericardial effusion near the right ventricle. Pericardial drainage was performed. Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae was isolated from the pericardial fluid. Complications of respiratory and renal failure developed during follow-up. The clinical and laboratory findings of vegetation on the tricuspid valve, pericardial effusion, and atrial fibrillation with a low heart rate suggested possible pancarditis. A multidisciplinary treatment approach with the cardiology and infectious disease departments was critical to successful management of this case. PMID: 31483309 [PubMed - in process]
DiscussionThe interventions of education and medication alerts resulted in a significant increase in the percentage of patients receiving appropriate doses of dilTIAZem and a nonsignificant decrease in the incidence of hypotension. This process-oriented intervention resulted in an improvement in appropriate dilTIAZem doses at our site. Rate control was not statistically significantly different between the 2 groups. Long-term sustainability of this intervention requires further study.
ConclusionsVitamin D insufficiency was prevalent in both newly diagnosed axSpA patients and healthy controls. There was no association between vitamin D and pain and disease activity in the newly diagnosed axSpA patients. Monitoring vitamin D levels is important and early intervention for vitamin D insufficiency is needed, especially in female patients.
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): N.B. Teixeira, M.B. Sant'Anna, A.C. Giardini, L.P. Araujo, L.A. Fonseca, A.S. Basso, Y. Cury, G. PicoloAbstractMultiple sclerosis (MS) is a Central Nervous System inflammatory demyelinating disease that has as primary symptoms losses of sensory and motor functions, including chronic pain. To date, however, few studies have investigated the mechanisms of chronic pain in animal models of MS since locomotor impairments render difficult its evaluation. It was previously demonstrated that in the MOG35-55-induced EAE, an animal mod...
Three medical stories that we didn't cover, explained.Medscape
Mass abuse of the drug tramadol spans continents, from India to Africa to the Middle East. The problem is that advocates claimed it was a safer opioid, relieving pain with little risk of abuse
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North AmericaAuthor(s): Anthony M. Hunter, David A. Sallman
St. Vincent Healthcare, Billings MT, Sheila White, acetaminophen, hydrocodone, steal opioids, addiction, tampering,
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Karan Naresh Amin, Elango Bhakkiyalakshmi, Jayasuriya Ravichandran, D.V.L. Sarada, Ramkumar Kunka MohanramAbstractEndothelial dysfunction (ED) is a key event in the onset and progression of vascular complications associated with diabetes. Regulation of endothelial function and the underlying signaling mechanisms in the progression of diabetes-induced vascular complications have been well established. Recent studies indicate that increased oxidative stress is an important determinant of endothelial injury and patients with hyperten...
We report a young 22-year-old female with unknown etiology of a pseudoaneurysm, who was previously managed as a psychiatric case and for musculoskeletal pain. On subsequent investigation and confirmation with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, aneurysmectomy was done. This is a rare case in a young 22-year-old woman with a ventricular pseudoaneurysm of unknown etiology. Considering the high risk for rupture of a ventricular pseudoaneurysm, surgical resection was mandatory with no complications intra- and postprocedure.
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Christopher C. Cheung, Thomas M. Roston, Jason G. Andrade, Matthew T. Bennett, Margot K. DavisAbstractCardiac amyloidosis occurs secondary to the deposition of insoluble protein fibrils in cardiac tissue leading to progressive myocardial dysfunction, clinical heart failure, and arrhythmia. In recent years, increasing awareness and improved screening have resulted in an increased prevalence of cardiac amyloidosis, with contemporary estimates reporting a prevalence of 18 to 55 cases per 100,000 person-years, and accounting for...