Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Children with Elevated Serum Gamma Glutamyltransferase Levels

To assess the characteristics of inflammatory bowel disease and disease prognosis among children with elevated gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC)-ulcerative colitis (UC).
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: the prevalence of CeD in our patients with IBD was higher than that reported in the literature for other series of patients with IBD. A combination of anti-tTG testing and CeD genetics may screen patients for CeD in this population of patients with IBD. PMID: 31718200 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
Publication date: 14 November 2019Source: Cell, Volume 179, Issue 5Author(s): Bing Huang, Zhanghua Chen, Lanlan Geng, Jun Wang, Huiying Liang, Yujie Cao, Huan Chen, Wanming Huang, Meiling Su, Hanqing Wang, Yanhui Xu, Yukun Liu, Bingtai Lu, Huifang Xian, Huiwen Li, Huilin Li, Lu Ren, Jing Xie, Liping Ye, Hongli WangSummaryPediatric-onset colitis and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have significant effects on the growth of infants and children, but the etiopathogenesis underlying disease subtypes remains incompletely understood. Here, we report single-cell clustering, immune phenotyping, and risk gene analysis for chil...
Source: Cell - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
This study aimed to assess the impact of primary sclerosing cholangitis on disease phenotype and its course in patients with ulcerative colitis. DESIGN: This is a retrospective study with 3:1 matched cohorts. SETTINGS: Tertiary care center’s electronic database was used for data analysis from 2000 and 2018. PATIENTS: Of 782 patients with ulcerative colitis, 77 patients who had coincident primary sclerosing cholangitis were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcomes evaluated were disease characteristics including colonic disease activity, temporal change of disease course, colorectal neoplasia,...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The requirement for proctectomy after hemorrhoidectomy/skin tag excision appears to be secondary to the natural disease course of perianal Crohn’s disease rather than perianal intervention. Selective hemorrhoidectomy and skin tag excision in patients with well-controlled luminal disease should be considered. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B55. HEMORROIDECTOMÍA ASOCIADA A LA EXCISIÓN DE PLICOMAS EN CASOS DE ENFERMEDAD INFLAMATORIA INTESTINAL: ¿ANUNCIO DE FATALIDAD O SIMPLEMENTE EVOLUCIÓN NATURAL DE LA ENFERMEDAD? ANTECEDENTES: Está controvertida la ...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Carbohydrate PolymersAuthor(s): Shao-qing Chen, Yan-qing Song, Cheng Wang, Shan Tao, Fang-ying Yu, Hai-ya Lou, Fu-qiang Hu, Hong YuanAbstractTargeted and sensitive drug release at the colitis site is critical for the effective therapy of ulcerative colitis and reduction of side effects from the drug. Herein, we used 3,3’-dithiodipropionic acid (DTPA) to covalently link quercetin (Qu) and glyceryl caprylate-caprate (Gcc) via ester bonds to prepare Qu-SS-Gcc lipid nanoparticles (Qu-SS-Gcc LNPs). Dexamethasone (Dex) was used as a model drug, and chitosan (CSO) w...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Conclusions: Evidence from clinical trials support that there are no differences in efficacy or safety of continuing the treatment with Infliximab BRP or exchanging into its biosimilar in patients with medical conditions approved in EsSalud. Financial analysis shows that the biosimilar introduction produce savings in purchasing institutional budget. Therefore, based on cost-opportunity principle, exchanging into biosimilar in patients receiving the original Infliximab, is a valid therapeutic alternative in the Peruvian Social Security.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study aims to examine the facts about the effective components and look into potential mechanisms of FMT. Colitis was induced by 3% (w/v) dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in drinking water for 7 days. Colitis mice were administered by oral gavage with fecal suspension, fecal supernatant, fecal bacteria, or boiling-killed fecal bacteria from healthy controls and the disease activity index was monitored daily. On the seventh day, mice were euthanized. The length, histological score, parameters related to inflammation, gut barrier functions of the colon, activities of digestive protease and β-glucuronidase in feces were...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Data produced in this study do not encourage ganciclovir treatment for UC patients. However, studies included in this analysis were observational, and thus, inherited severe selection bias. We suggest randomized controlled studies be conducted to make firm recommendations in this context. PMID: 31718340 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Khorshidi M, Djafarian K, Aghayei E, Shab-Bidar S Abstract Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder which affects the gastrointestinal tract. Many factors, such as genetics, stress, and dietary patterns have been related to the risk of this disease. Adherence to a prudent/healthy dietary pattern, due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, help to reduce the risk of many chronic diseases such as IBD. The results from previous studies regarding the association between dietary patterns and risk of IBD, including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are in...
Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Vitam Nutr Res Source Type: research
ConclusionsTaking together, these results suggest that myricetin exhibits significant protective effects against UC and it could be used as a potential treatment for UC.
Source: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
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