Nano-graphene oxide improved the antibacterial property of antisense yycG RNA on Staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) has the potential to opportunistically cause infectious diseases, including osteomyelitis, skin infections, pneumonia, and diarrhea. We previously reported that ASyycG RNA reduce...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research

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Infections caused by Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive Staphylococcus aureus (PVL-SA) mostly present as recurrent skin abscesses and furunculosis. However, life-threatening infections (eg, necrotizing pneumonia, necrotizing fasciitis, and osteomyelitis) caused by PVL-SA have also been reported. We assessed the clinical phenotype, frequency, clinical implications (surgery, length of treatment in hospitals/intensive care units, and antibiotic treatments), and potential preventability of severe PVL-SA infections in children. Total, 75 children treated for PVL-SA infections in our in- and outpatient units from 2012 to 201...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features of bone and joint infections (BJI) due to Panton-Valentine Leukocidin producing (PVL+) Staphylococcus aureus (SA) in French Guiana. A multicenter study that consists of a retrospective charts review of children admitted for PVL+ S. aureus BJI between January 2010 and December 2015. Six patients with SA-PVL BJI were identified during the study period: 2 osteomyelitis, 1 septic arthritis, and 3 disseminated BJI. The median age was 11 years old (4–14 years), and fever lasted for 3.2 days (2–5 days) before diagnosis. An open skin wound preceded the BJI i...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These results show that levonadifloxacin has an improved bactericidal effect on biofilm-embedded quinolone-resistant S. aureus and meticillin-resistant S. aureus, and that it can be a promising treatment option for such infections. PMID: 31241446 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
Abstract To date, there has been little experience in using fosfomycin in children. However, its broad spectrum of action and excellent safety profile have renewed interest in this antibiotic, especially for treating infections by multidrug-resistant bacteria. The main indication for fosfomycin in pediatrics is currently community-acquired lower urinary tract infection. Given its good activity against bacteria, fosfomycin can also be useful in urinary infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing enterobacteria. Fosfomycin presents very good dissemination to tissues including bone and is therefor...
Source: Revista Espanola de Quimioterapia - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Rev Esp Quimioter Source Type: research
Conclusions: We present the most detailed genomic analysis of MRSA isolated in Sri Lanka to date. The analysis identified a PVL-positive ST5-MRSA-IVc that is prevalent among MRSA causing clinical infections in Sri Lanka. Furthermore, this clone was also found among isolates from the United Kingdom and Australia. Introduction Worldwide, Staphylococcus aureus is the primary causative agent of community-acquired skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) and is an important cause of hospital-associated invasive infections including bacteremia, pneumonia and endocarditis (Bell et al., 2002; David and Daum, 2010). Panton-Va...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study identified prophages as mediators of bacterial virulence in a model of infectious endocarditis, probably through promotion of interaction with extracellular matrix components. Further studies are needed to identify mechanisms leading to promotion of intrinsic virulence. Introduction Challenges related to Staphylococcus aureus infections in the human and veterinary clinics mobilized important human and technical resources. S. aureus can colonize 20–30% of the general population asymptomatically but is also capable of causing a wide spectrum of diseases ranging from benign infections, to particularly...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
François Chassagne1†, Xinyi Huang1†, James T. Lyles1 and Cassandra L. Quave1,2* 1Center for the Study of Human Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States 2Department of Dermatology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States In the search for new therapeutic solutions to address an increasing number of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens, secondary metabolites from plants have proven to be a rich source of antimicrobial compounds. Ginkgo biloba, a tree native to China, has been spread around the world as an ornamental tree. Its seeds have been used as snacks and medical mater...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study was conducted with the hypothesis that the simultaneous lack of BCFAs and staphyloxanthin will have a far greater implication on environmental survival and virulence of S. aureus. Lack of a functional branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase (BKD) enzyme because of a mutation in the lpdA gene led to a decrease in the production of BCFAs, membrane fluidity, slower growth, and poor in vivo survival of S. aureus. A mutation in the crtM gene eliminated the production of staphyloxanthin but it did not affect membrane BCFA levels, fluidity, growth, or in vivo survival. A crtM:lpdA double mutant showed much slowe...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
ueiredo AM Abstract Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus, commonly referred as S. aureus, is an important bacterial pathogen frequently involved in hospital- and community-acquired infections in humans, ranging from skin infections to more severe diseases such as pneumonia, bacteraemia, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and disseminated infections. Here, we report the complete closed genome sequence of a community-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus strain, USA400-0051, which is a prototype of the USA400 clone. PMID: 29091141 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz Source Type: research
Conclusion: We demonstrate a novel mechanism how bacterial toxins activate the inflammasome and mediate the formation and release of cytokines:S. aureusα-toxin triggers an activation of the acid sphingomyelinase and a release of ceramides resulting in the release of lysosomal cathepsin B and formation of pro-inflammatory cytokines.Cell Physiol Biochem 2017;43:2170 –2184
Source: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
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