Neuraxial labour analgesia is associated with a reduced risk of maternal depression at 2 years after childbirth: A multicentre, prospective, longitudinal study

CONCLUSION For nulliparous women with single-term cephalic pregnancy planning for vaginal delivery, the use of neuraxial analgesia during labour was associated with a reduced risk of maternal depression at 2 years after childbirth. TRIAL REGISTRATION ChiCTR-OCH-14004888 and NCT02823418.
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Obstetric anaesthesia Source Type: research

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AbstractObjectivesFew studies have investigated the prophylactic efficacy of dexmedetomidine (DEX) in postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS). A randomized, double ‐blind, placebo‐controlled trial was conducted to investigate whether the administration of DEX, immediately after delivery and for patient controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA), can attenuate PDS.MethodsSix hundred parturients scheduled for elective caesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia were randomly allocated into the Control group (infusion with 0.9%normal saline after delivery and PCIA with sufentanil) and the DEX group (DEX infusion‐1 aft...
Source: Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
Conclusion: First-onset low back pain is present among postpartum women. The 5 risk factors identified in single studies were nonmodifiable. High-quality prognostic studies need to more consistently investigate risk factors for first-onset back pain in the postpartum pain.
Source: Journal of Womens Health Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research
Conclusions: Magnesium sulfate is an important adjuvant drug in the practice of anesthesia, with several clinical effects and a low incidence of adverse events when used at recommended doses. Introduction Magnesium is the fourth most common ion in the body, and it participates in several cellular processes, including protein synthesis, neuromuscular function and stability of nucleic acid, as well as regulating other electrolytes such as calcium and sodium. Magnesium acts as a cofactor in protein synthesis, neuromuscular function and stability and the function of nucleic acids. It is a component of adenosine 5-triph...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia is a central nerve block technique achieved by injection of a local anaesthetic close to the nerves that transmit pain, and is widely used as a form of pain relief in labour. However, there are concerns about unintended adverse effects on the mother and infant. This is an update of an existing Cochrane Review (Epidural versus non-epidural or no analgesia in labour), last published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of all types of epidural analgesia, including combined-spinal-epidural (CSE) on the mother and the baby, when compared with non-epid...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Conclusion: We did not observe a significant association between epidural use and PPD. While the CIs are wide, we do not believe that this masks a clinically relevant association, and as such, the risks and benefits of epidural analgesia communicated to women during labor and delivery should not be modified. PMID: 29184440 [PubMed]
Source: Local and Regional Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Local Reg Anesth Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: PPP was quite prevalent in this sample, and while the intensity of pain was on average, mild, the pain was widespread in terms of location and triggers. Multiple biopsychosocial factors differentiated women with persistent postpartum pain from those women whose pain resolved. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: PPP is a common health concern for new mothers in the first year postpartum, and may be best addressed by health care professionals using a multidimensional approach, which focuses on the psychosocial aspects of pain. PMID: 28419979 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Midwifery - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These results support the relevance of taking into account the fear of childbirth and perception of pain in connection with symptoms of PTS and PPD in nulliparous women. The unplanned caesarean section (including emergency caesarean) also appears to be important in the study of the relationship between fear and symptoms of PTS. Fear of childbirth could render the experience of childbearing more negative and predispose to PTS and PPD. Enabling psychological vulnerabilities could also be an interesting avenue for understanding these links. Limitations are discussed. PMID: 26924001 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
In recent years, hypnosis has become an accepted medical therapy to address a variety of conditions, including childbirth pain and weight loss, which are concerns for many women. This increased popularity is probably due to research that shows hypnosis can produce profound improvements in health--though we know very little about the mechanisms by which these improvements are made. The word hypnosis comes from ancient Greek and means "a mental state like sleep" -but as a therapy, it isn't so easily defined. Though hypnosis produces changes in the body, it appears as if these physiological changes occur through our...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
Publication date: December 2015 Source:Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care, Volume 5, Issue 6 Author(s): Ayten Saracoglu, Kemal Tolga Saracoglu, Ibrahim Alatas, Haluk Kafali Certain life-threatening congenital malformations have the opportunity to be treated with minimally invasive fetal surgery. In recent years fetoscopic surgery had a triggered interest. During the fetoscopic surgery all interventions effecting uteroplasental blood flow and eventually fetal oxygenation, may occur as complications like cardiac depression, maternal hypotension or pulmonary edema. Liaise with the increase in cardiac output and hea...
Source: Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
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