Are studies on AI for tuberculosis really valid?

Many research studies reporting on the diagnostic accuracy of artificial intelligence...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: SIIM: AI can detect, classify TB on chest x-rays Practical Considerations of AI: Part 4 -- Adoption AI outperforms physicians for interpreting chest x-rays Can AI accurately diagnose tuberculosis from chest x-rays?
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Related Links:

A deep-learning algorithm that analyzed chest x-rays was able to predict pulmonary...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Deep-learning algorithm bolsters lung cancer detection AI may help improve sensitivity of ED chest x-ray reads AI model could speed up pneumonia diagnosis in ED AI detects pulmonary nodules on chest x-rays Are studies on AI for tuberculosis really valid?
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
By SAURABH JHA, MD Slumdog TB No one knows who gave Rahul Roy tuberculosis. Roy’s charmed life as a successful trader involved traveling in his Mercedes C class between his apartment on the plush Nepean Sea Road in South Mumbai and offices in Bombay Stock Exchange. He cared little for Mumbai’s weather. He seldom rolled down his car windows – his ambient atmosphere, optimized for his comfort, rarely changed. Historically TB, or “consumption” as it was known, was a Bohemian malady; the chronic suffering produced a rhapsody which produced fine art. TB was fashionable in Victorian Britain...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Health Tech Saurabh Jha TB tuberculosis Source Type: blogs
This study was undertaken to evaluate the results, efficacy and safety of this technique.MethodsDeformity correction of 16 patients was done during January 2012 to December 2014. All patients underwent posterior only approach for vertebral column resection at peri-apical region, posterior instrumentation with pedicular screws and anterior reconstruction using mesh cage. Postoperative X-ray films were evaluated. All patients were followed up at six weeks, 12 weeks, 18 weeks, six months and yearly thereafter. At follow-up patients were evaluated neurologically and radio-graphically.ResultsMean age of the patients was 19.43 y...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
tska LB Abstract Recent analyses of the Canadian fluoroscopy cohort study reported significantly increased radiation risks of mortality from ischemic heart diseases (IHD) with a linear dose-response adjusted for dose fractionation. This cohort includes 63,707 tuberculosis patients from Canada who were exposed to low-to-moderate dose fractionated X-rays in 1930s-1950s and were followed-up for death from non-cancer causes during 1950-1987. In the current analysis, we scrutinized the assumption of linearity by analyzing a series of radio-biologically motivated nonlinear dose-response models to get a better understand...
Source: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Radiat Environ Biophys Source Type: research
Conclusions: TB screening among socially vulnerable citizens is feasible and can identify TB thereby possibly reducing its spread. Future TB screening should primarily focus on sputum analysis. Identification of comorbidities resulted in additional investigations and early diagnosis of e.g. cancer.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
Objective: to identify the results of immunological tests in children with tuberculosis infection.Material and methods: 73 patients with positive results of the skin test with tuberculous recombinant allergen (TRA) from 1 to 17 years old were examined at Saint-Petersburg TB dispensaries 2, 5, 14, 16 during 2015-2018.Diagnostic Complex Included: clinical, immunological (tuberculin skin test (TST), T-SPOT.TB (T-SPOT), bacteriological and X-rays methods (computed tomography). All patients were divided in 2 groups: I (34) - with positive results of T-SPOT, II (39) - with negative results of T-SPOT.Results: The age of the patie...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
Conclusions: We have identified differences in tuberculosis at children from contact with the mother, father or both parents with tuberculosis and children from contact with other relatives with tuberculosis.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
Conclusion: Every child referred for TB screening should have a clinical examination, a chest X-ray, and a TST. Other more invasive investigations should be requested at the least clinical or radiological doubt.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
Introduction: Pakistan has the third largest number of people with undiagnosed TB among the 22 high TB-burden countries. Case detection gap results in late disease presentation, with poor disease outcomes, and undiagnosed cases spreading infection. To bridge this gap, active case finding (ACF) using pre-screening tools such as chest X-ray can be used to detect TB early in the course of illness while MTB burden is still low.Methodology: Retrospective data from Xpert MTB/RIF testing carried out at TB centers, called "Sehatmand Zindagi" centers, in Pakistan, from January to December 2018 was analyzed. The referrals ...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare an established score (Timika, 1-140 points) with the proposed simplified score (SRS-TB, 1-8 points) for analyzing chest X-rays of patients with susceptible and MDR tuberculosis, to assess the validity of SRS-TB, and to try to suspect MDR-TB at the time of initial diagnosis.Both scores were applied to chest X-rays at diagnosis from 132 patients (susceptible TB) and 102 patients (MDR-TB). Results were correlated to treatment outcome. Mean Timika score was 55.9% for susceptible TB and 81.17% for MDR-TB. Mean SRS-TB was 5.24 for susceptible TB and 6.73 for MDR-TB. Most MDR-TB cases scored 7 and 8. T...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
More News: Radiology | Study | Tuberculosis | X-Ray