Crosstalk between adipose tissue insulin resistance and liver macrophages in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

The recent epidemic of chronic liver disease is related to the burden of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), paralleling the worldwide increase of obesity.1 NAFLD is a complex condition related to metabolic derangements in insulin resistance (IR), but in a subset of patients the liver becomes the target of multiple hits leading to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), the histological phenotype that may progressively lead to the development of liver fibrosis, cirrhosis and possibly hepatocellular carcinoma.
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research

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This article reviews the most updated information about NAFLD-related HCC and provides some insight into strategies that must be considered to reduce its potential disease burden.
Source: Hepatology International - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
The recent epidemic in chronic liver disease is related to the burden of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), paralleling the worldwide increase of obesity. [1] NAFLD is a complex condition related to metabolic derangements in insulin resistance (IR), but in a subset of patients the liver becomes the target of multiple hits leading to Non-Alcoholic SteatoHepatitis (NASH), the histological phenotype that may progressively develop liver fibrosis, cirrhosis and possibly hepatocellular carcinoma.
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
Ali Mahzari1, Songpei Li1, Xiu Zhou1,2, Dongli Li2, Sherouk Fouda1, Majid Alhomrani1, Wala Alzahrani1, Stephen R. Robinson1 and Ji-Ming Ye1,2* 1Lipid Biology and Metabolic Disease Laboratory, School of Health and Biomedical Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia 2School of Biotechnology and Health Sciences, Wuyi University, Jiangmen, China The present study investigated the effects of matrine on non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in mice induced by a methionine choline-deficient (MCD) diet and the mechanism involved. The study was performed in C57B/6J mice fed a MCD diet for 6 weeks to induce NAS...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) makes up 75%-85% of all primary liver cancers and is the fourth most common cause of cancer related death worldwide. Chronic liver disease is the most significant risk factor for HCC with 80%-90% of new cases occurring in the background of cirrhosis. Studies have shown that early diagnosis of HCC through surveillance programs improve prognosis and availability of curative therapies. All patients with cirrhosis and high-risk hepatitis B patients are at risk for HCC and should undergo surveillance. The recommended surveillance modality is abdominal ultrasound (US) given that i...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
As the epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus increase worldwide, the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing proportionately. The subtype of NAFLD which can be characterized as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a potentially progressive liver disease that can lead to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, liver transplantation, and death; it is associated with extrahepatic manifestations such as chronic kidney disease cardiovascular disease and sleep apnea.
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Public Health Source Type: research
As the epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus increase worldwide, the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing proportionately. The subtype of NAFLD which can be characterised as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a potentially progressive liver disease that can lead to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, liver transplantation, and death. NAFLD is also associated with extrahepatic manifestations such as chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular disease and sleep apnoea.
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Public Health Source Type: research
The burden associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is becoming a major problem for health systems worldwide.1 As part of the metabolic syndrome, NAFLD prevalence is increasing in parallel with the epidemics of obesity and diabetes;2 although in most cases NAFLD remains a non-progressive disease, in some cases non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and progressive fibrosis may occur, finally progressing to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.3 Thus, the costs associated with liver disease of metabolic origin and its complications are likely to soon outweigh the costs of liver diseases of viral origin.
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Authors: Liu K, McCaughan GW Abstract Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease in the world and will soon become the number one cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), liver transplantation and liver-related mortality. The disease often occurs in the setting of metabolic conditions such as obesity and type II diabetes mellitus. These same metabolic drivers are also risk factors for NAFLD associated HCC which can occur even in the absence of cirrhosis or advanced fibrosis and appears to be phenotypically different to HCCs arising from other chronic liver diseases. The frequ...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma is the third most frequent cause of cancer death worldwide, particularly in Asia and Africa. Most cases complicate an underlying liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis B or C chronic virus infection or alcoholic abuse. But, following the current epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes, it appears that these diseases, associated in metabolic syndrome, are responsible for non alcoholic fatty liver disease at risk of HCC frequently before the stage of cirrhosis. Recent hypotheses consider that in the near future, cancer deaths due to HCC will overpass in USA those due to breast or colorec...
Source: Bulletin du Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Bull Cancer Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 July 2017 Source:Pharmacology & Therapeutics Author(s): Arthur McCullough, Stephen Previs, Takhar Kasumov Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease and is associated with the worldwide epidemics of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. NAFLD ranges from benign fat accumulation in the liver (steatosis) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and cirrhosis which can progress to hepatocellular carcinoma and liver failure. Mass spectrometry and magnetic resonance spectroscopy-coupled stable isotope-based flux studies provide new insigh...
Source: Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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