Pelvic fat volume reduction with preoperative very low energy diet (VLED): implications for rectal cancer surgery in the obese

ConclusionsVery low energy diets result in a clinically significant reduction in mesorectal fat with a lesser change in total pelvic fat, suggesting that very low energy diets may be useful for preparation for pelvic surgery in the obese. The distance from S1 to the posterior rectum correlates well with mesorectal reduction, making this a valuable clinical tool when volumetric analysis is not possible.  This analysis is limited to the quantification of the effect of the diet and cannot comment on the safety of this approach before pelvic cancer surgery.
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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ConclusionsAll surgical techniques for rectal cancer dissection have a role and may be considered appropriate. Some techniques have advantages over others in certain clinical situations, and the best outcomes may be achieved by considering all options before applying an individualised approach to each clinical situation.
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 118Author(s): Maria Condello, Evelin Pellegrini, Enrico Pierluigi Spugnini, Alfonso Baldi, Bruno Amadio, Bruno Vincenzi, Giovanni Occhionero, Sebastiano Delfine, Franco Mastrodonato, Stefania MeschiniAbstractIn 2018 there were over 1.8 million new cases worldwide of colorectal cancer and relapses after clinical treatments. Many studies ascribe the risk of the appearance of this cancer to the Western life style : a sedentary life, obesity, and low -fiber, high -fat diets can promote the onset of disease. Several studies have shown supplement phyt...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Anticancer activity of "Trigno M", extract of Prunus spinosa drupes, against in vitro 3D and in vivo colon cancer models. Biomed Pharmacother. 2019 Jul 31;118:109281 Authors: Condello M, Pellegrini E, Spugnini EP, Baldi A, Amadio B, Vincenzi B, Occhionero G, Delfine S, Mastrodonato F, Meschini S Abstract In 2018 there were over 1.8 million new cases worldwide of colorectal cancer and relapses after clinical treatments. Many studies ascribe the risk of the appearance of this cancer to the Western life style : a sedentary life, obesity, and low -fiber, high -fat diets can promote the onset of ...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
ConclusionThis is one of the largest studies to date to describe the epidemiology of EoCRC in USA. We found EoCRC to occur predominantly in the Caucasian and female population. EoCRC presented more frequently with left-sided and rectal CRC. We also identified signs/symptoms as well as comorbidities associated with EoCRC. Patients with these features may benefit from earlier screening.
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
This study was conducted as a case-control study and 170 subjects, including 88 controls and 82 cases with CRC, were enrolled and their plasma levels of glucoe, insulin, and resistin were measured using glucose oxidase or ELISA methods. Moreover, IR was calculated according to HOMA-IR index.ResultsThe cases with CRC had a higher HOMA-IR than the controls (1.8  ± 0.4 versus 1.4 ± 0.3,P 
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
By just engaging in the basic strategies in the Wheat Belly Total Health, Wheat Belly 10-Day Grain Detox, or Undoctored programs, many mild cases of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, SIBO, reverse. These efforts thereby restore your ability to ingest prebiotic fibers without diarrhea, bloating, gas, abdominal discomfort, joint pain, and dark emotional feelings. Many people thereby are relieved of irritable bowel syndrome symptoms, fibromyalgia, or restless leg syndrome, or have greater power in reversing autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis. Unfortunately, not everybody enjoys reversal of SIBO with our b...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: SIBO grain-free probiotic undoctored wheat belly Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThis report investigates significant predictors of stoma outlet obstruction in laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery for the first time. In laparoscopic procedure, stoma outlet obstruction should be particularly considered in obese patients who have especially thick subcutaneous fat of the abdominal wall.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Underweight and excess bodyweight are associated with lower overall survival and higher rates of distant metastasis in patients with rectal cancer.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, the gut microbiota of 30 LC patients and 30 healthy controls were examined via next-generation sequencing of 16S rRNA and analyzed for diversity and biomarkers. We found that there was no decrease in significant microbial diversity (alpha diversity) in LC patients compared to controls (P observed = 0.1422), while the composition (beta diversity) differed significantly between patients and controls (phylum [stress = 0.153], class [stress = 0.16], order [stress = 0.146], family [stress = 0.153]). Controls had a higher abundance of the bacterial phylum Actinobacteria and genus Bifidobacterium, while patients wi...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Yikan Cheng1†, Yan Ma1†, Jian Zheng1†, Hua Deng2†, Xueqin Wang3,4, Yewei Li3,4, Xiaolin Pang1, Haiyang Chen1, Fang He1, Lei Wang5*, Jianping Wang5* and Xiangbo Wan1* 1Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Colorectal and Pelvic Floor Diseases, Department of Radiation Oncology, Guangdong Institute of Gastroenterology, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China 2Department of Radiation Oncology, Banner-University Medical Center Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, United States 3Department of Statistical Science, Southern China Center for Statistical Science, School of Mathe...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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