Leprosy in elderly people and the profile of a retrospective cohort in an endemic region of the Brazilian Amazon

ConclusionsThe resulting data demonstrate that leprosy amongst the elderly deserves attention because of the increased susceptibility to disability in this age group, with their higher risk of reaction and their greater level of co-morbidity.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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Semin Neurol 2019; 39: 462-471 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1687884Leprosy is a challenging international health concern. Despite tremendous efforts in reducing worldwide disease prevalence in the past decades, some countries remain endemic and are plagued by high levels of disability. The neurological complications of leprosy are varied and complex, with current research focused on evaluating tools for earlier diagnosis of neuropathy, especially in resource-limited countries. While treatment with multidrug therapy is highly effective, active research aims to simplify regimens to improve adherence, minimize adverse effects, and pre...
Source: Seminars in Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
ConclusionThe proposed model using RF allows for the diagnosis of leprosy with high sensitivity and specificity and the early identification of new cases among household contacts.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: We may conclude that, due to mistakes done specifically to the PDL and in general to the illness itself, commitments referring to the elimination of the leprosy were frustrate repeated times, unfortunately, mainly in our country.
Source: Physis: Revista de Saude Coletiva - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Dr Ken Jetton (left) and Dr Arturo Cunanan (centre) with a patient who has been cured of leprosy in the Majuro leprosy clinic in the capital of the Marshall Islands. The patient is now seeking further help due to post-treatment complexities. Credit: Stella Paul/IPSBy Stella PaulMAJURO, Apr 4 2019 (IPS) It’s a Friday morning and Dr. Ken Jetton, the only doctor who treats leprosy in Majuro, the capital of the Marshall Islands, is seeing a patient recently cured of the disease. David, 32, has received multidrug therapy (MDT) treatment for a year already. But he is back in the doctor’s office because of a reversal ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Hansen's disease leprosy Marshall Islands Nippon Foundation Sasakawa Health Foundation Sasakawa Source Type: news
Conclusions: Leprosy in this age group suggests a long incubation period with reactivation of l atent focus or late infection. Men were more affected, as well as the afro descendent race was statistically significant in the paucibacillary cases (P=0.000) and illiterate/poor education in multibacillary cases (P=0.022). Nearly 40% of patients had positive bacilloscopy and grade I/II disability, demonstrating a late diagnosis.
Source: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The study observed that the person affected by leprosy with visible deformity had lower QoL. Early detection and management would prevent the deformity and might improve the QoL of persons affected by leprosy.
Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Source Type: research
Introduction: Caused by Mycobacterium leprae bacillus, leprosy is a chronic disease that affects the skin and peripheral nerves. One of the aspects to be considered in assessing the severity of the disease is the incapacities it produces, which is closely linked to the time for its diagnosis. Brazil is the main country responsible for the endemic leprosy in the American continent and is first in incidence and prevalence among the 3 countries that have not yet eliminated the disease. In this presentation we report an advanced case of Hansen diseases due to late diagnosis, after the appearance of serious injuries and disabilities.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
A young boy from the Philippines with leprosy. The chronic disease is curable, and if treated in time disabilities related to the disease can be averted. Courtesy: moyerphotos/CC By 2.0By Elisio MuchangaMAPUTO, Jul 30 2018 (IPS)In the first six months of this year, the southern African nation of Mozambique has already registered 300 more cases of leprosy, some 951 cases, than it registered for the whole of 2017.The country, which had previously eliminated the chronic disease in 2008, is receiving funding from the Nippon Foundation—a non-profit philanthropic organisation from Japan that is active in many countrie...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Africa Development & Aid Featured Headlines Health Population Poverty & SDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Nippon Foundation Source Type: news
World Health Organization goodwill ambassador for Leprosy Elimination and chair of the Nippon Foundation, Yohei Sasakawa (left), holds the hand of a leprosy patient. Sasakawa visited Mozambique’s rural Namaita Centre to assess the progress of leprosy patients. The Nippon Foundation has been providing funds and medication in order to eliminate leprosy in Mozambique. Credit: Elísio Muchanga/IPSBy Elisio MuchangaNAMPULA PROVINCE, Mozambique, Jul 28 2018 (IPS)It takes Faurito António, 42, from Lalaua district, Nampula Province, two hours to reach his nearest health centre in order to receive the drugs neces...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Africa Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Headlines Health Population Poverty & SDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Nippon Foundation Source Type: news
ConclusionsThis study shows that physical disabilities remain after completion of MDT and frequently occur in an endemic area in Brazil. Finding new ways to reduce the burden of disability are urgently needed, and may include systematic follow-up of patients after treatment completion combined with evidence-based preventative measures.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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