A systematic review of depression and anxiety in medical students in China

Medical students in China face severe depression and anxiety because of their difficult circumstances, such as the long length of schooling, academic pressure, and the stress of clinical practice. Although the...
Source: BMC Medical Education - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research

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This study examined the impact of psychiatric comorbidity on QOL in patients admitted to two level 4 epilepsy monitoring units (EMUs).MethodsIn this prospective observational study, 200 patients admitted to two level 4 EMUs completed standardized surveys including the Quality of Life in Epilepsy (QOLIE-31-P), Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), and Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). Hierarchal multiple regression was performed to assess impact on QOL.ResultsOf the 200 participants, 113 had a diagnosis of epilepsy, 36 had a diagnosis of PNES, and 51 were excluded for nondia...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study evaluated the anxiolytic and antidepressant activities of the hydroethanol leaf extract of N. laevis in mice.Materials and methodsThe hole-board (HBT), elevated plus maze (EPMT), light/dark exploration (LDET), open field (OFT), social interaction (SIT) (anxiolytic activity), forced swim (FST) and tail suspension (TST) (antidepressant property) tests were employed in this investigation. Mice randomly allotted to different groups were treated orally with distilled water (10 ml/kg), diazepam (1 and 3 mg/kg), imipramine (20 mg/kg) and N. laevis (25–200 mg/kg). The mice were subjected to the various tes...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
We examined (a) moderation effects of anxiety, depression, psychological inflexibility, and interpretation of intrusions and (b) the role of psychological inflexibility and interpretation of intrusions respectively as processes of change. Participants with less dysfunctional appraisals at pretreatment performed consistently better in ERP relative to ACT + ERP. In process analyses, psychological inflexibility and interpretation of intrusions positively influenced OCD severity over time in both conditions but OCD symptom severity also positively influenced psychological inflexibility and interpretation of intrusion...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: 20 November 2019Source: Neuron, Volume 104, Issue 4Author(s): Margarita Calvo, Alexander J. Davies, Harry L. Hébert, Greg A. Weir, Elissa J. Chesler, Nanna B. Finnerup, Roy C. Levitt, Blair H. Smith, G. Gregory Neely, Michael Costigan, David L. BennettNeuropathic pain (NeuP) arises due to injury of the somatosensory nervous system and is both common and disabling, rendering an urgent need for non-addictive, effective new therapies. Given the high evolutionary conservation of pain, investigative approaches from Drosophila mutagenesis to human Mendelian genetics have aided our understanding of the ma...
Source: Neuron - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Authors: Lain E, Day D, Harper J, Guenin E Abstract Background: There has been an increasing interest in gender and racial differences both in the pathogenesis and treatment of acne vulgaris (acne), and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is a major concern in patients of color. Female acne patients report more anxiety and depression with acne improvement positively influencing Quality of Life (QoL) than their male counterparts, and there are differences in acne presentation. The first lotion formulation of tretinoin was developed using novel polymeric emulsion technology to provide an important alternative op...
Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Drugs Dermatol Source Type: research
This study assessed the psychosocial well-being and quality of life (QoL) of caregivers of CKD patients in two hospitals in Southern Nigeria. Methods: Burden of caregiving, QoL, depression, and anxiety were assessed using standardized instruments; modified Zarit questionnaire, modified SF-12 questionnaire and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) respectively among caregivers of CKD patients on maintenance haemodialysis and controls. Results: Fifty-seven caregivers of CKD patients and aged and sex-matched controls participated in the study. Anxiety was significantly higher in caregivers compared to control (...
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: Ghana Med J Source Type: research
You're reading The Surprising Connection Between Anxiety and Confidence, originally posted on Pick the Brain | Motivation and Self Improvement. If you're enjoying this, please visit our site for more inspirational articles. In today’s modern era, with always-on technology and ever-increasing job demands, many people are fighting a silent battle. The battle of feeling overwhelmed. Our clients tell us they’re feeling anxious, stuck, and adrift. They struggle to process information and feel paralyzed when faced with important decisions. Once competent and productive, they say they have effectively lost co...
Source: PickTheBrain | Motivation and Self Improvement - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: featured psychology self improvement agency Anthony Rao anxiety and confidence Paul Napper The Power of Agency Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: Structured or semi-structured interviews can be performed in pain polyclinics or psychiatric outpatient clinics to determine the level of perception of somatic sensations. This could be beneficial in the treatment of chronic pain and comorbid psychiatric disorders. PMID: 31741346 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Agri Dergisi - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Agri Source Type: research
AbstractPost-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating psychological disease that is triggered by traumatic events. It is known to cause various complications, including anxiety and depression. Umbelliferone (UMB) is a natural product of the coumarin family. This substance has been reported to exert antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and other biological effects. We used the open field test (OFT) and the forced swimming test (FST) to examine the effects of UMB on depression-like symptoms in rats after exposure to a single prolonged stress (SPS), which led to dysregulated activation of the serotonergi...
Source: Journal of Natural Medicines - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
DiscussionThis trial aims to address important questions about whether schools ’ practices around the promotion of mental wellbeing and the prevention of mental health problems can: (1) be formalised into feasible and effective models of school-based support and (2) whether these practices and their effects can be sustained over time. Given the focus of these interventions o n mirroring popular practice in schools and on prioritising approaches that present low-burden, high-acceptability to schools, if proved effective, and cost-effective, the findings will indicate models that are not only empirically tested but als...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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