Changes in craniofacial and airway morphology as well as quality of life after passive myofunctional therapy in children with obstructive sleep apnea: a comparative cohort study

ConclusionsPreliminary evidence is substantiated for the benefits of 1-year PMFT using an oral device with a built-in tongue bead, including improvements in nasal breathing during sleep, mandible linear growth (Co-Gn and N-Me), airway morphology (OPha-Ophp), and patients ’ quality of life.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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The Society for Women's Health estimates that only 1 in 10 women with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), defined as repeated pauses in breathing (apneas) or reduced airflow with oxygen desaturation (hypopnea) during sleep, are diagnosed with this disorder (Miller, Mong, Baker, Kryger,&Krystal et al., 2017). As with many health and illness phenomena including cardiovascular disease (Perez,  2019), diagnostic symptoms of OSA have been defined based on the symptoms most common among men: snoring, excessive daytime sleepiness, and waking up during the night snorting or gasping for air (Greenberg, Lakticova,&Scharf, 2017).
Source: Nursing Outlook - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeCardiac and respiratory involvement constitutes serious complications of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). We hypothesized that obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) may play a role in cardiac autonomic dysfunction in DMD. We sought to assess the presence of cardiac autonomic function in patients with DMD by analyzing heart rate variability (HRV) during polysomnography (PSG).MethodsIn a prospective study, all participants had whole-night PSG recorded and scored according to American Academy of Sleep Medicine guidelines. HRV analysis was performed on electrocardiography recordings from PSG recordings.Resul...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: Cardiac and respiratory involvement constitutes serious complications of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). We hypothesized that obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) may play a role in cardiac autonomic dysfunction in DMD. We sought to assess the presence of cardiac autonomic function in patients with DMD by analyzing heart rate variability (HRV) during polysomnography (PSG). METHODS: In a prospective study, all participants had whole-night PSG recorded and scored according to American Academy of Sleep Medicine guidelines. HRV analysis was performed on electrocardiography recordings from ...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Aberrant DNA methylation patterns of the FPR1/2/3 gene promoters contribute to disease severity and diabetes mellitus or cardiovascular disease in OSA patients, probably through regulating FPR1/2/3 gene expressions. PMID: 32655788 [PubMed]
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine,Volume 16, Issue 7, Page 1149-1160, July 2020.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: The relation of snoring to risks of stroke and other major cardiovascular (CV) events is uncertain. RESEARCH QUESTION: We aimed to determine associations of snoring patterns and major CV events in relation to the obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), among participants of the international Sleep Apnea cardiovascular Endpoints (SAVE) trial. STUDY DESIGN: and Methods: Post-hoc analyses of the SAVE trial, which involved 2687 patients with co-existing moderate-severe OSA and established coronary or cerebral CV disease, who were randomly allocated to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) tr...
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
ConclusionSeveral major gaps in the literature on the diagnosis and treatment of isolated snoring were identified. For the majority of diagnostic and therapeutic measures for snoring, high-level scientific evidence is still lacking.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Several major gaps in the literature on the diagnosis and treatment of isolated snoring were identified. For the majority of diagnostic and therapeutic measures for snoring, high-level scientific evidence is still lacking. PMID: 32623557 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
Conclusion: The snoring rate and maximal intensity of snoring correlate better with the severity of OSAS than average snoring intensity.
Source: Lung India - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
This study aims to demonstrate the ability of the STOP-Bang (Snoring, Tiredness, Observed apnea, high blood Pressure, Body mass index, Age, Neck circumference, and Gender) questionnaire in identifying subjects with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) Syndrome, highlighting the role of dentists as epidemiological sentinels. Materials and methods: the STOP-Bang questionnaire was administered to a cohort of 1000 patients, assessing three private dental clinics in Italy. Excessive daytime sleepiness was measured using Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and defined as ≥ 10. Subjects were considered at risk of OSA if they had three or ...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
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