An inherent T cell deficit in healthy males to C . neoformans infection may begin to explain the sex susceptibility in incidence of cryptococcosis

ConclusionsThese results suggest that males show an inherent deficit in T cell response during infection, which may contribute to the increased incidence of disease in males.
Source: Biology of Sex Differences - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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Source: Annals of Hematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this single-center series of liver transplant recipients, the incidence of invasive fungal infections was relatively low, probably due to the universal prophylaxis with fluconazole and limited use of the broad-spectrum antibiotics. Early diagnosis and treatment of invasive fungal infections could lead to a better prognosis for liver transplant recipients with invasive fungal infections. PMID: 31724926 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research
ConclusionThere are very limited studies related to the immune modulation status of HIV co-infected with Cryptococcus before the initiation of any drug therapy. Such information might through in-depth light to understand the initial state of the immune environment which certainly would play a pivotal role in the outcome of the immune modulation.
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
No abstract available.
Source: Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine - Category: African Health Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Meningitis due to Cryptococcus neoformans is responsible for upwards of 180,000 deaths worldwide annually, mostly in immunocompromised individuals. Currently there are no licensed fungal vaccines, and even with anti-fungal drug treatment, cryptococcal meningitis is often fatal. Our lab previously demonstrated vaccination with recombinant cryptococcal proteins delivered in glucan particles (GPs) protects mice against an otherwise lethal infection. The aim of the present study was to discover additional cryptococcal antigens affording vaccine-mediated protection. Sixteen proteins, each with evidence of extr...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewDefective cell –mediated immunity is a major risk factor for cryptococcosis, a fatal disease if untreated. Cryptococcal meningitis (CM), the main presentation of disseminated disease, occurs through hematogenous spread to the brain from primary pulmonary foci, facilitated by yeast virulence factors. We revisit r emarkable recent improvements in the prevention, diagnosis and management of CM.Recent FindingsCryptococcal antigen (CrAg), main capsular polysaccharide ofCryptococcus spp. is detectable in blood and cerebrospinal fluid of infected patients with point of care lateral flow assays. Rece...
Source: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
AbstractCryptococcosis is an opportunistic mycotic infection often found in pigeon droppings and other bird excrement. This serious disease is often fatal and, not unexpectedly, far more common in patients with immune deficiency, including those with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It has been hypothesized that women with cryptococcosis and HIV have a more favorable mortality experience than men. In addition, the availability of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (ART) for HIV in the United States (US) has been associated with greater racial disparities in mortality. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Cryptococcal ocular involvement in AIDS patients has been occasionally proved among the cases already reported. Thus, the post mortem exam is still pivotal to improve the quality of the clinical diagnosis, especially in limited-resource settings. PMID: 31676212 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Iberoamericana de Micologia - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Rev Iberoam Micol Source Type: research
To date, cryptococcosis remains sporadic in Europe, and this is a case of canine cryptococcosis with ocular and CNS involvement in continental Europe with identification of the organism on cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) cytology and description of the clinical and MRI features, and outcome. AbstractTo date, cryptococcosis remains sporadic in Europe, and this is a case of canine cryptococcosis with ocular and CNS involvement in continental Europe with identification of the organism on cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) cytology and description of the clinical and MRI features, and outcome.
Source: Clinical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe most common thin-section CT feature of PC was pulmonary nodules/masses, which were ill-defined and located peripherally. Cavitations within nodules/masses were more commonly found in non-AIDS immunocompromised patients. PC should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pulmonary nodules/masses.
Source: La Radiologia Medica - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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