Weight-Loss Surgery Dramatically Lowers the Risk of Early Death, a New Study Finds

For decades, doctors have known that losing weight can significantly lower risk of heart disease and by extension, reduce the risk of dying from heart-related events such as stroke and heart attack. Studies have shown that both lifestyle changes including diet and exercise as well as medications and weight-loss surgery can improve heart disease risk factors such as obesity and diabetes, for example, but data supporting the benefits of any of these approaches in actually lowering rates of heart events such as heart attack and atrial fibrillation, or in reducing early deaths from heart disease, have been less robust. The data that do exist come from observational studies or smaller trials. Now a new study, published Sept. 2 in JAMA and simultaneously presented at the European Society of Cardiology annual meeting, takes that previous work a step further, suggesting that weight-loss surgery can lower rates of heart attack, heart failure, atrial fibrillation and stroke, and lower death rates from any cause in a large group of at-risk patients. A team of researchers led by Dr. Ali Aminian, associate professor of surgery at the Cleveland Clinic, looked at obese patients with type 2 diabetes, who are at higher risk of heart events. Among more than 2,200 such patients who underwent any form of weight-loss surgery, heart-related events dropped by 39% over eight years of follow up and deaths from any cause declined by 41% compared to a group of more than 11,000 matched controls who did...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized diabetes Heart Disease Source Type: news

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ConclusionsNatural active food-derived ingredients are marketed as having several benefits on the skin. Their incorporation in food supplements and cosmetics is a reality already marketed. The truth about the benefits of food ingredients in cosmetics is not always properly discussed. The trend of “beauty from within” by oral supplementation is now accompanying the other trend that is “from the kitchen table to the skin”, that refers to the possibility to create cosmetics with the ordinary ingredients one have in the kitchen.Graphical abstract
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): M.A. Augustin, L. Sanguansri, E.M. Fox, L. Cobiac, M.B. ColeAbstractBackgroundFruits and vegetables are an excellent source of nutrients, with numerous health benefits. Most consumers are not meeting the daily recommended intake of fruits and vegetables. Yet, a significant amount of fruits and vegetables that is produced is wasted. There are opportunities to recover the wasted fruits and vegetables for manufacturing value-added products to improve the sustainability of healthy diets and reduce the environmental footp...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Ryoiti KiyamaAbstractBackgroundGreen tea is produced from the tea plant Camellia sinensis without fermentation, and contains characteristic constituents, which are associated with health-promoting effects such as physiological, immunological, neurological and psychological effects, and protective effects against diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Catechins, such as catechin, epicatechin, epigallocatechin, epicatechin-3-O-gallate and epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate, and other green tea consti...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Aziz Korkmaz, Ahmet Ferit ATASOY, Ali Adnan HayalogluAbstractChanges in sugars, organic acids and volatile compounds (VC) of red pepper flakes (RPF), traditional (TRI), and industrial (INI) isot peppers were evaluated during one year storage at the room condition. The changes in the flavor components were significantly affected by the production methods and storage time. Glucose content decreased gradually along storage and reduced by about 21.23, 47.22 and 56.65% for TRI, INI and RPF, respectively. However, fructose decreased significantly...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Artificial Intelligence in MedicineAuthor(s): Anam Mustaqeem, Syed Muhammad Anwar, Muhammad MajidAbstractIn the last few years, hospitals have been collecting a large amount of health related digital data for patients. This includes clinical test reports, treatment updates and disease diagnosis. The information extracted from this data is used for clinical decisions and treatment recommendations. Among health recommender systems, collaborative filtering technique has gained a significant success. However, traditional collaborative filtering algorithms are facing ch...
Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
Authors: Singh A, Karnik R, Shah AN, Chutani S, Kantharia BK Abstract Aims: Response to cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) in patients with heart failure depends on the degree of correction of electromechanical dyssynchrony between the left and right ventricles (LV, RV). It is not known whether chronic programming of interventricular (VV) intervals based on characterisation of myocardial strain at different pacing intervals performed acutely would have better long-term clinical outcomes. We hence aimed to evaluate this relationship between speckle tracking strain patterns and rates at different VV intervals an...
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of DiseaseAuthor(s): Firdos Ahmad, Dhanendra Tomar, Smriti Aryal A C, Adel B. Elmoselhi, Manfred Thomas, John W. Elrod, Douglas G. Tilley, Thomas ForceAbstractNicotinamide riboside kinase-2 (NRK-2), a muscle-specific β1 integrin binding protein, predominantly expresses in skeletal muscle with a trace amount expressed in healthy cardiac tissue. NRK-2 expression dramatically increases in mouse and human ischemic heart however, the specific role of NRK-2 in the pathophysiology of ischemic cardiac diseases is u...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
This study sought to describe a single center's experience with transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve (TM-ViV) implantation. METHODS: Consecutive patients who had TM-ViV due to degenerative biological valve prosthesis at a single center during a 4-year period were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Operative outcomes were assessed both in-hospital and at 30 days. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes included valve function, functional status, and quality of life at follow-up. RESULTS: Mean (± standard deviation) patient age was 69 ± 12 years and all patient...
Source: The Journal of Invasive Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Invasive Cardiol Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, Volume 26, Issue 7Author(s): Atef M. Al-Attar, Fawziah A. AlsalmiAbstractMedicinal plants have always been an important source of new alternative effective compounds for human therapy. Currently, there are many of scientific evidences indicate that the medicinal plants contain a lot of hypoglycemic chemical compounds. The purpose of the present study was to determine the influence of olive leaves extract on hepatorenal injury in diabetic male rats. Experimental diabetes was induced by streptozotocin (STZ). The levels of serum glucose, alanine amin...
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Plant Physiology and BiochemistryAuthor(s): Nikita Bisht, Puneet Singh ChauhanAbstractAn adequate supply of mineral nutrients is crucial to obtain optimum productivity in agriculture. The present investigation was carried to find the inoculation effect of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), i.e., Paenibacillus lentimorbus B-30488 (B-30488), Bacillus amyloliquefaciens SN13 (SN13) and their consortium for the growth of rice var. Sarju-52, grown under suboptimal nutrient conditions. The study revealed that the individual PGPR treatments showed comparatively b...
Source: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
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