Cancers, Vol. 11, Pages 1291: Cancers after Chornobyl: From Epidemiology to Molecular Quantification

Cancers, Vol. 11, Pages 1291: Cancers after Chornobyl: From Epidemiology to Molecular Quantification Cancers doi: 10.3390/cancers11091291 Authors: Dimitry Bazyka Natalya Gudzenko Iryna Dyagil Iryna Ilienko David Belyi Vadim Chumak Anatoly Prysyazhnyuk Elena Bakhanova An overview and new data are presented from cancer studies of the most exposed groups of the population after the Chornobyl accident, performed at the National Research Center for Radiation Medicine (NRCRM). Incidence rates of solid cancers were analyzed for the 1990–2016 period in cleanup workers, evacuees, and the general population from the contaminated areas. In male cleanup workers, the significant increase in rates was demonstrated for cancers in total, leukemia, lymphoma, and thyroid cancer, as well as breast cancer rates were increased in females. Significantly elevated thyroid cancer incidence was identified in the male cleanup workers cohort (150,813) in 1986–2012 with an overall standardized incidence ratio (SIR) of 3.35 (95% CI: 2.91–3.80). A slight decrease in incidence rates was registered starting at 25 years after exposure. In total, 32 of 57 deaths in a group of cleanup workers with confirmed acute radiation syndrome (ARS) or not confirmed ARS (ARS NC) were due to blood malignancies or cancer. Molecular studies in cohort members included gene expression and polymorphism, FISH, relative telomere length, immunophenotype, micronuclei test, histone ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Structural prevention measures in addition to behavioral measures enable a reduction of the cancer risk caused by UV radiation. The aim must be to establish these measures nationwide for the entire population. PMID: 32494842 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Hautarzt: Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete - Category: Dermatology Tags: Hautarzt Source Type: research
This study sought to determine the incidence rates of all gynecologic, including peritoneal, malignancies in the U.S. Active Duty population compared to the general US population as reported in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program database. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gynecologic cancers diagnosed in U.S. Active Duty women aged 20-59 between 2004 and 2013 were retrospectively ascertained. Cancer cases were identified in both the Automated Central Tumor Registry and the Military Health System Data Repository. All cases in Automated Central Tumor Registry plus cases recorded in Military Health System Data R...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 June 2020Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): Maryam Kasraeian, Kamran Hessami, Homeira Vafaei, Nasrin Asadi, Leila Foroughinia, Shohreh Roozmeh, Khadije Bazrfashan
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2020Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): María Jesús Rubio, María José Lecumberri, Silvia Varela, Jesús Alarcón, María Eugenia Ortega, Lydia Gaba, Jaime Espinós, Julia Calzas, Pilar Barretina, Isabel Ruiz, Gloria Marquina, Ana Santaballa
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide new insights into the biology driving metastasis in PTCs and highlight how lncRNAs cooperate with coding transcripts to sustain these processes. PMID: 32495722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Thyroid Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Fusion genes were the most common genetic cause of pediatric PTCs. Fusion gene positive PTCs showed more aggressive behavior than fusion gene negative PTCs. Several novel rearrangements were identified. Fusion genes seem to be a molecular marker number one in pediatric PTC patients. PMID: 32495721 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Thyroid Source Type: research
LUNG CANCER symptoms include difficulty breathing, headaches, and persistent chest pain. But you could also be at risk of an advanced tumour if you develop a subtle sign on your eyes. Could you be at risk of lung cancer?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2020Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Yasser El Ghamrini, Tamer M.S. Salama, Mohamed I. Hassan, Haytham Mohamed Nasser
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Markus Hartl* and Rainer Schneider Center of Molecular Biosciences (CMBI), Institute of Biochemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria The neuronal proteins GAP43 (neuromodulin), MARCKS, and BASP1 are highly expressed in the growth cones of nerve cells where they are involved in signal transmission and cytoskeleton organization. Although their primary structures are unrelated, these signaling proteins share several structural properties like fatty acid modification, and the presence of cationic effector domains. GAP43, MARCKS, and BASP1 bind to cell membrane phospholipids, a process reversibly regulate...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Objective: To investigate the clinical features of 2nd hematological malignancies post to the initial cancer treatment.METHODS: A retrospective study was performed to analyze the available clinical data of 116 patients diagnosed with 2nd hematologic malignancies after treatment of various malignant tumors from June 1998 to June 2018 at Sun Yat-sen University cancer center.RESULTS: The characteristics of the 116 patients diagnosed with 2nd hematological cancer post to initial cancer treatment were indicated as following: 62 males and 54 females. The primary tumor category was grouped as (according to ICD-10 International Di...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 904. Outcomes Research-Malignant Conditions Source Type: research
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