A cross-sectional cohort study with microvascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes with and without hypothyroidism.

This study aimed to determine whether there were significant differences in these complications in patients with T2DM with and without hypothyroidism. METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional, case-control study from a single centre specialising in diabetes in South Africa. T2DM was defined by American Diabetes Association criteria. The cases were all patients treated for hypothyroidism and the controls were clinically and biochemically confirmed euthyroid, who were under follow up between 1 January and 1 July 2016. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 3 mg/mmol. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) was defined as the presence of aneurysms, bleeds, exudates and new vessel formation on the retina examined by an ophthalmologist. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) was defined as the presence of symptoms, loss of 128-Hz sensation and abnormal 10-gm monofilament. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) was defined as the presence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). RESULTS: There were 148 cases and 162 controls. Compared to the controls, the cases were older (65.6 vs 59.4 years, p
Source: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiovasc J Afr Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Anaesthesia Critical Care &Pain MedicineAuthor(s): Arnaud Chaumeron, Jeremie Castanie, Louis Philippe Fortier, Patrick Basset, Sophie Bastide, Sandrine Alonso, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Philippe CuvillonABSTRACTBackground: Rapid sequence induction (RSI) is recommended in patients at risk of aspiration, but induced hemodynamic adverse events, including tachycardia. In elderly patients, this trial aimed to assess the impact of the addition of remifentanil during RSI on the occurrence of: tachycardia (primary outcome), hypertension (due to intubation) nor hypotension (rem...
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
This study was conducted to evaluate the fatty acid profile, sensory properties and lipid oxidation of meat on retail display (RD) from Nellore steers (n = 96) fed diets containing soybean (SOY), sunflower (SUN), or linseed (LIN) oil or a control diet (CON). After slaughtering, samples of the Longissimus muscle were collected for sensory properties (1 day), fatty acid composition (1 day) and oxidation stability (3 days under RDC) evaluations. No differences in total lipids, cholesterol, TBARS, and total SFAs, MUFAs, PUFAs, and PUFA/SFA were observed. However, meat from animals fed vegetable oil had more CLA than ...
Source: Meat Science - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Bhullar SK, Shah AK, Dhalla NS Abstract Effective therapy of hypertension represents a key strategy for reducing the burden of cardiovascular disease and its associated mortality. The significance of voltage dependent L-type Ca²⁺ channels to Ca²⁺ influx, and of their regulatory mechanisms in the development of heart disease, is well established. A wide variety of L-type Ca²⁺ channel inhibitors and Ca²⁺ antagonists have been found to be beneficial not only in the treatment of hypertension, but also in myocardial infarction and heart failure. Over the past two decades, another cla...
Source: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Rev Cardiovasc Med Source Type: research
This study aims to explore the role of lncRNAs in the glucometabolic action of metformin on skeletal muscle cells.Main methodsMetformin accumulation was assessed using [14C]-metformin. A lncRNA array was used to investigate metformin-regulated lncRNAs in C2C12 skeletal muscle cells. Knockdown studies were applied to evaluate the function of lncRNA Dreh. A colorimetric assay was used for the measurement of medium glucose concentration; glucose transport was assessed using [3H]-2-deoxyglucose; real-time PCR was used for RNA expression analysis, and western blotting was used to assess protein expression in myotubes. A Dreh ov...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: PeptidesAuthor(s): Bingjun Qian, Chongchong Tian, Jianghua Huo, Zhiwen Ding, Ran Xu, Juan Zhu, Lili Yu, Oscar D. VillarrealAbstractThe current study investigated the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity of 4 synthetic tripeptides. All the peptides showed enzyme inhibitory activity, especially two promising ones, TTP (Thea-Thea-Pro) and gAgAP (GABA-GABA-Pro), with IC50 values of 0.92 and 3.4⿿μmol/L, respectively. Enzyme inhibition kinetics determined by Lineweaver-Burk plots revealed that TTP and gAgAP were competitive inhibitors with Ki value...
Source: Peptides - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Conclusion: Patients can have abnormal CCK stimulus-activity coupling as an effect of endogenous negative allosteric modulation by membrane cholesterol. This was predicted in ex vivo studies, but has not previously been demonstrated in vivo. This type of kinetic analysis provides a tool to quantify CCK responsiveness in patients and identify patients who might benefit from a drug that would positively modulate CCK action to improve their appetite regulation and to better control their weight. PMID: 31604888 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: J Nucl Med Technol Source Type: research
ConclusionStudies on arthroplasty survival should systematically mention gender and diabetes status and beware of potential group incomparability.Level of evidenceIII, cohort study.
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Potential therapeutic effect of SO₂ on fibrosis. Histol Histopathol. 2019 Oct 11;:18169 Authors: Wang XB, Cui H, Du JB Abstract Fibrosis is a pathological feature of most chronic diseases and leads to the dysfunction of various organs. However, there is currently no effective method for treating fibrosis. In recent years, a small gas, sulfur dioxide (SO₂), which can be generated endogenously in mammals, has been found to have vasorelaxation activity, improve cardiac function and decrease myocardial injury. Endogenous SO₂ also mediates the process of fibrosis. Inhibition of endogenous SO₂ can ag...
Source: Histology and Histopathology - Category: Cytology Tags: Histol Histopathol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Jenq-Lin Yang, Yun-Ru Yang, Shang-Der ChenAbstractStroke is the major cause of adult disability and the second or third leading cause of death in developed countries. The treatment options for stroke (thrombolysis or thrombectomy) are restricted to a small subset of patients with acute ischemic stroke because of the limited time for an efficacious response and the strict criteria applied to minimize the risk of cerebral hemorrhage. Attempts to develop new treatments, such as neuroprotectants, for acute ischemic stroke have been costly and tim...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Nour A. Al-Sawalha, Osama Y. Alshogran, Mofleh S. Awawdeh, Basima A. AlmomaniAbstractAimsThe prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is increasing in several countries. The MetS is characterized by the occurrence of at least three of the following risk factors: decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, increased blood pressure, raised fasting blood glucose, elevated triglycerides, and abdominal obesity. There is a growing evidence of the role of l-carnosine in improving lipid profile and enhancement of the antioxidant activity. However,...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
More News: African Health | Brain | Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Cholesterol | Chronic Kidney Disease | Diabetes | Diabetes Type 2 | Endocrinology | Epidemiology | Heart | Hypertension | Hypothyroidism | Neurology | Opthalmology | Peripheral Neuropathy | South Africa Health | Statin Therapy | Study | Urology & Nephrology