Effects of glucose-lowering on outcome incidence in diabetes mellitus and the modulating role of blood pressure and other clinical variables: overview, meta-analysis of randomized trials

Conclusion: Meta-analyses of all glucose-lowering RCTs involving patients with diabetes provide precise estimates of benefits for CHD and major cardiovascular events after consideration of the resulting ongoing BP difference. No benefit or harm on mortality, heart failure and stroke were noticed, while discontinuations related to adverse events because of treatment were increased following glucose-lowering. The extent of glucose-lowering is proportionally related to changes of CHD and stroke composite, and treatment-related discontinuations.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: REVIEWS AND META-ANALYSES Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Shabnam Radbakhsh, Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Maciej Banach, Amirhossein SahebkarAbstractMicroRNAs (miRNA) are one class of the small regulatory RNAs that can impact the expression of numerous genes including incretin hormones and their G protein-coupled receptors. Incretin peptides, including GLP-1, GLP-2, and GIP, are released from the gastrointestinal tract and have an crucial role in the glucose hemostasis and pancreatic beta-cell function. These hormones and their analogs with a longer half-life, glucagon like peptide-1 receptor a...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, data revealed no correlation between ex vivo and in vivo studies explained by the collapse of the follicles in ex vivo skin permeation study, leaving only the lipoidal pathway for NE to pass through, thus only NE components, neither nanosizing nor other reported mechanisms, are the main influencing factors. In vivo experiments suggested that o/w NE changed ATOR pathway to follicular delivery leading to accumulation of NE in follicles and consequently a prolonged plasma profile.Graphical abstract
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Combining weight-bearing exercise with aerobic pursuits was the most effective way to reduce the likelihood of developing obesity in a massive survey of 1.7 million US adults.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Emergency Medicine Headlines - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
Conclusions: Hyperuricemia and hypertension may have a synergistic interaction towards renal function loss in addition to their independent impacts. Our findings may provide a straightforward illustration which is easy for the public to realize the hazard of coexistent hypertension and hyperuricemia on renal injury. PMID: 31962051 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
This study investigated whether RIPreC and RIPostC exerted neuroprotection against cerebral ischemic injury in type 2 diabetic mice. RIPreC (24 h before ischemia) and RIPostC (immediately after reperfusion) were performed in an ischemia/reperfusion induced stroke model with type 2 diabetes. Ischemic outcomes, flow cytometry, multiplex cytokine assay, and western blotting were analyzed after 45 min of ischemia followed by 48 h of reperfusion. Our data indicated that RIPreC and RIPostC attenuated cerebral injuries and neurological deficits. RIPreC significantly reduced CD4 T cell and CD8 T cell infiltration and increas...
Source: Neurochemistry International - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
We report a young woman with a life-threatening basilar artery thrombosis during sexual intercourse, with a resulting locked-in syndrome. The positive high intensity transient signals (HITS) diagnosis showed a right-to-left shunt and is in line with paradoxic embolism. The molecular genetics revealed a homozygosity 4G/4G in the region PAI1, -675 (promoter polymorphism) as a risk factor for ischemic stroke. Sexual intercourse is a possible, albeit unusual stroke cause, especially in young people.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Malak Elbatarny, Derrick Y. Tam, J. James Edelman, Rodolfo V. Rocha, Michael W.A. Chu, Mark D. Peterson, Ismail El-Hamamsy, Jehangir J. Appoo, Jan O. Friedrich, Munir Boodhwani, Bobby Yanagawa, Maral Ouzounian, Canadian Thoracic Aortic Collaborative (CTAC) InvestigatorsAbstractBackgroundAortic valve sparing operations theoretically have fewer stroke and bleeding complications but may increase late reoperation risk, versus composite valve grafts.MethodsWe meta-analyzed all studies comparing aortic valve sparing (reimplantation...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Habib Khoury, William Ragalie, Yas Sanaiha, Hannah Boutros, Sarah Rudasill, Richard J. Shemin, Peyman BenharashAbstractBackgroundReducing inpatient readmissions is a national priority for improving healthcare quality and decreasing costs. Previous studies have shown that readmissions following surgical aortic valve replacement are frequent and contribute to increased healthcare costs, yet no studies have analyzed risk factors for readmission.MethodsThe Nationwide Readmissions Database was used to identify adult patients under...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Tieri M, Ghelfi F, Vitale M, Vetrani C, Marventano S, Lafranconi A, Godos J, Titta L, Gambera A, Alonzo E, Sciacca S, Riccardi G, Buscemi S, Del Rio D, Ray S, Galvano F, Beck E, Grosso G Abstract Whole grains have been associated with a number of health benefits. We systematically reviewed existing meta-analyses of observational studies and evaluated the level of evidence for their putative effects based on pre-selected criteria. Of the 23 included studies, we found convincing evidence of an inverse association between whole grain consumption and risk of type-2 diabetes and colorectal cancer; possible evid...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research
Psychological and behavioral strategies around self-monitoring and coping with cravings may underlie the success of commercial weight management programs and should be learned from, say US scientists.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
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