Utility of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Features for Improving the Diagnosis of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Without Papilledema

Conclusion: A combination of any 3 of 4 MRI features is highly specific for intracranial hypertension and suggests IIH WOP when present in patients with chronic headache and no papilledema.
Source: Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Clinical Research: Epidemiology Meets Neuro-Ophthalmology Source Type: research

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Conclusion: In our knowledge, there is a little number of cases of MCC reported in literature. Surgical management is considered in cases with intracranial hypertension or focal signs. The adjuvant treatment options are immunotherapy and radiotherapy. PMID: 31583169 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
Rationale: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is known to present with typical manifestations like temporal headache and visual abnormalities. However, several cases with atypical manifestations were reported. Stroke occurs in 3% to 7% of patients with GCA. Patient concerns: A 67-year-old male patient with known hypertension presented with somnolence, disorientation and mild bilateral limb ataxia. The magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple acute infarctions in the territory of the vertebrobasilar system with occlusion of the left vertebral artery. Diagnosis: Ten months later, during a routine neurovascular follow-up, r...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
The main clinical manifestations of Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) are migraine with aura, ischemic strokes, and progressive cognitive decline. Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) has been described in CADASIL, but is not widely recognized. Here we report a case with CADASIL that presented with fatal ICH. A 57-year-old right-handed man of Pakistani descent with history of genetically confirmed CADASIL, hypertension, and mood disorder presented to the emergency department via Emergency Medical Services (EMSs) after he was found down. Initial neurological exami...
Source: The Neurologist - Category: Neurology Tags: Case Report/Case Series Source Type: research
Conclusion. EEG findings in PRES are diverse, with no specific or even predominant pattern, based on this small sample size. PMID: 31215229 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Clin EEG Neurosci Source Type: research
AbstractBackground/ObjectivePosterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinical and radiologic entity, typically manifesting as reversible neurological symptoms and signs of white matter edema on magnetic resonance imaging. PRES has been widely described in adults. Studies of PRES in children are mostly limited to case series and case controls.MethodsRetrospective chart review of patients under 21  years with PRES admitted at a tertiary children’s hospital from 2011 to 2016. They were compared to controls matched for age and mortality risk using the Pediatric Index of Mortality-2 score.‚Ä®ResultsSi...
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe association of IH and SLE has already been established and one should be aware of this coexistence and in IH cases, SLE should also be considered as an underlying cause and subsequently appropriate diagnostic tests should be performed.
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that the presence and extent of cSS are associated with reduced CSF ß-amyloid 42 levels. Further studies are needed to investigate the underlying mechanisms of this association. Introduction Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA)—characterized by the deposition of ß-amyloid in the walls of leptomeningeal vessels—is a common cerebral small vessel disease and a major cause of intracerebral hemorrhage in the elderly (1–3). Furthermore, it has become evident that CAA is associated with cognitive impairment (4). Specifically, it has been shown that CAA patien...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We examined the effects of the independent and combined effects of Zataria Multiflora supplementation and circuit resistance training (CRT) on selected adipokines among postmenopausal women. Forty-eight postmenopausal women were divided into four groups: Exercise (EG, n = 12), Zataria Multiflora (ZMG, n = 12), exercise and Zataria Multiflora (ZMEG, n = 12), and control (CG, n = 12). Participants in experimental groups either performed CRT (3 sessions per week with intensity at 55% of one-repetition maximum) or supplemented with Zataria Multiflora (500 mg every day after breakfast with 100 ml of water), or their combination...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Some patients with psychiatric syndromes and increased ANA titers may suffer from psychiatric variants of SLE, even if the American College of Rheumatology criteria for SLE are not met. Whether the psychiatric symptoms in our patient represent a prodromal stage with the later manifestation of full-blown SLE or a subtype of SLE with isolated CNS involvement remains unclear. Regardless, early diagnosis and initiation of immunosuppressive treatment are essential steps in preventing further disease progression and organ damage. Intrathecal ANAs with extractable nuclear antigen differentiation may be a more sensitiv...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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