Osteoarthritis classifications : Modification proposal for the criteria of Kellgren and Vallotton.

CONCLUSION: These proposed modifications (Kellgren and ranking) would be helpful for routine reporting and allow for better interobserver reliability, in particular for special reports (e.g. consultations, expert opinions, advanced diagnostics). PMID: 31463538 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

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ConclusionOpen repair of large SSC tears yielded good clinical long-term results. Nevertheless, repair failure was common and, in the further course, negatively affected clinical outcomes and the progression of secondary glenohumeral OA.Level of EvidenceIV; retrospective case series.
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Superior capsular reconstruction (SCR) of the shoulder is an increasingly common procedure in the treatment of patients with massive, irreparable rotator cuff tears lacking significant osteoarthritis. Post-operatively, the appearance of failed grafts has only been described in isolated case reports and review articles.
Source: Clinical Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Musculoskeletal and Emergency Imaging Source Type: research
Discussion The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) “is an intra-articular but extrasynovial collagenous structure with limited healing capacity that originates in the posteromedial aspect of the lateral femoral condyle and crosses into anteromedially to insert anterior into the intercondylar eminence of tibial articular surface.” It plays an important part as a mechanoreceptor particularly as a proprioceptor. Its main role is to prevent excessive anterior tibial translation, limits varus/valgus stress when the knee is in full extension and some rotary movements of the knee. There are ~120,000 surgeries per year m...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Genicular nerve block and subsequent radiofrequency neurotomy (RFN) has emerged as a novel intervention and alternative for total knee arthroplasty in patients with refractory pain from knee osteoarthritis (OA). To our knowledge, there is no cited report correlating the accuracy of localizing the genicular nerves using bony landmarks on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Source: Clinical Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Musculoskeletal and Emergency Imaging Source Type: research
This study included 1873 varus and 106 valgus knees.ResultsThe anterior, distal, and posterior diameters were significantly greater in the male patients than in the female patients (P 
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease that has a great impact on different joints, may result in their destruction and loss of function. Although the shoulder is affected in a large portion of patients with RA, it does not receive much attention during the follow up of RA. The precise diagnosis of shoulder pain in RA is a clinical challenge and benefits from a reliable imaging modality to detect its exact origin.AimTo determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound (US) in detecting shoulder joint pathologies in RA, considering magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as the gold standard.Mat...
Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
To determine the correlation between knee synovitis assessed on contrast-enhanced (CE) and non-contrast enhanced (NCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with histology in patients with knee osteoarthritis.
Source: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
ABSTRACTHigh ‐impact exercise can improve femoral neck bone mass but findings in postmenopausal women have been inconsistent and there may be concern at the effects of high‐impact exercise on joint health. We investigated the effects of a high‐impact exercise intervention on bone mineral density (BMD), bon e mineral content (BMC), and section modulus (Z) as well as imaging biomarkers of osteoarthritis (OA) in healthy postmenopausal women. Forty‐two women aged 55 to 70 years who were at least 12 months postmenopausal were recruited. The 6‐month intervention consisted of progressive, unilateral, high...
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Clinical Trial Source Type: research
Global cerebrovascular reactivity to hypercapnia is lower across nine intracranial arteries in individuals with osteoarthritis (OA) compared to those without OA. As well, middle cerebral artery flow autoregulation, and brachial artery flow ‐mediation dilation are lower in OA. These differences exist even after adjusting for common cardiovascular risk factors. AbstractIndividuals with osteoarthritis (OA) are at greater risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular incidents; yet, cerebrovascular control remains uncharacterized. Our primary outcome was to acquire cerebrovascular control metrics in patients with OA and compare...
Source: Physiological Reports - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
ConclusionsMeniscal abnormalities, in particular extrusion and root tears, were the most prevalent morphological features found in subjects with AKOA. These results suggest that meniscal abnormalities have a significant role in accelerated progression of OA.
Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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