Exercise in pregnancy may protect obese mothers-to-be and their children from health problems
Obese mice ran on a treadmill before and during pregnancy in a study at the University of Cambridge. Scientists found exercise helped the mice control their blood sugar levels.
According to a study presented at the Society for Endocrinology annual conference, vitamin B12 deficiency may be linked to obesity during pregnancy.MedicalXpress
ConclusionObesity is closely associated with primary infertility and PCOD. Menstrual abnormalities associated with PCOD significantly improve after bariatric surgery with significant improvement in fertility along with maternal outcomes.
According to a study presented at the Society for Endocrinology annual conference in Brighton, liver disease during pregnancy may alter gut bacteria composition and increase risk of childhood obesity.Scienmag
(Society for Endocrinology) Impaired liver function during pregnancy may alter gut bacteria composition and increase the risk of obesity in children, according to results presented at The Society for Endocrinology Annual Conference. In a rodent of model of the most common liver disease in pregnancy, the composition of gut bacteria in offspring was altered and liver function impaired, particularly when they were fed a Western-style, high-fat diet.
This article focuses on those patients that do not necessarily fit a systems-based approach of classification. Many of these patients present challenges to the clinicians involved with perioperative care and so it is important to have a good understanding of how they should be managed. This article will focus on elderly patients, pregnant patients presenting for non-obstetric surgery, obese patients and immunocompromised patients. We have chosen to focus on key aspects of preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative care for each patient group, highlighting the physiological basis of such recommendations.
The epidemiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is progressively evolving impacting the type of patients with IBD we will see in clinical practice. In this review, we discuss specific challenges and solutions in the management of (a) obese, (b) older and (c) obstetric (pregnant) patients with IBD. With the global obesity epidemic, almost one in three patients with IBD are obese. Obesity is associated with greater difficulty in achieving remission, higher risk of disease relapse and higher burden and costs of hospitalization in patients with IBD.
This article focuses on those patients that do not necessarily fit a systems-based approach of classification. Many of these patients present challenges to the clinicians involved with perioperative care and so it is important to have a good understanding of how they should be managed. This article will focus on elderly patients, pregnant patients presenting for non-obstetric surgery, obese patients and immunocompromised patients.
Publication date: Available online 6 November 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Efrain Riveros-Perez, Sherwin Davoud, Maria Gabriela Sanchez, Hugo Montesinos, Alexander RocutsAbstractIntroductionA common belief has been that obese patients are prone to develop aspiration of gastric contents when general anesthesia is administered. We aimed to determine the correlation between antral cross-sectional area as a surrogate of gastric volume measured by gastric ultrasound, and body mass index (BMI) in term pregnant women scheduled for elective cesarean section.MethodsA cross-sectional observational study was c...
Abstract Obesity in women results in reduced fertility and increased complications during pregnancy. Vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) effectively reduces weight, type-2 diabetes and dyslipidemia, but is also associated with preterm and small-for-gestational age births. The mechanism by which VSG impacts fetal development remains unknown. Here we hypothesize that previously reported immune changes during rat VSG pregnancy are reflected long-term in the immune system of the offspring. Offspring of VSG and Sham dams were evaluated at postnatal day (PND) 21 and PND60. At PND21, VSG pups have lower numbers of circulat...
AbstractObjectiveTo describe total and trimester ‐specific gestational weight gain (GWG) among low‐income Hispanic women and determine whether these GWG exposures are associated with infant anthropometric outcomes at birth and 6 months.Study DesignData were from 448 mother ‐infant pairs enrolled in the Starting Early child obesity prevention trial. Prenatal weights were used to calculate total GWG and 2nd and 3rd trimester GWG rates (kg/week) and categorized as inadequate, adequate, and excessive according to the 2009 Institute of Medicine recommendations. Multivariable linear and modified Poisson regressions es...