Predicting orbital fractures in head injury: a preliminary study of clinical findings

ConclusionsOur results demonstrate that signs and symptoms of orbital fractures may be useful for predicting these injuries, and a decision instrument could be used in the ED to identify patients likely to benefit from extending the radiation field to include the orbits where CT of the head is already planned. This work is however exploratory; and further prospective validation is required before a robust instrument can be recommended for clinical use.
Source: Emergency Radiology - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

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The objective of this study is to evaluate the need for routine repeat head CT scans in patients with mild to moderate head injury and an initial positive abnormal CT scan. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patients presenting to the emergency department from January 2016 to December 2017 with Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores> 8 and an initial abnormal CT scan, who underwent repeat CT during their in-hospital medical management. Patients who underwent surgery after the first CT scan, had a GCS score
Source: Neurosurgical Focus - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Neurosurg Focus Source Type: research
Conclusion We have reviewed the literature and identified blood biomarkers with the highest discriminative abilities as determined by operating characteristics in four commonly encountered clinical situations: diagnosing concussion, predicting the need for a CT scan after mTBI, predicting delayed recovery after mTBI, and predicting poor outcome after sTBI. The top performers in each category may provide insight into pathogenic mechanisms of TBI that most influence the measured endpoint. Nonetheless, many challenges remain before these biomarkers can be incorporated into clinical practice. In particular, it remains unclear...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Fernando Zanela Areas1,2, Marcelo Liborio Schwarzbold1,2,3,4, Alexandre Paim Diaz1,4, Igor Kunze Rodrigues3,5,6, Daniel Santos Sousa3,7, Camila Leite Ferreira8, João Quevedo8,9, Katia Lin1,3,10, Emil Kupek3,11, Cristiane Ritter12,13, Felipe Dal Pizzol3,12,13 and Roger Walz1,2,3,10* 1Centro de Neurociências Aplicadas, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Hospital Universitário, Florianópolis, Brazil 2Programa de Pós-Graduação em Neurociências, UFSC, Florianópolis, Brazil 3Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Médicas, ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: There is a wide heterogeneity of postoperative cerebral hemodynamic findings among TBI patients who underwent DC, including hemodynamic heterogeneity between their cerebral hemispheres. DC was proved to be effective for the treatment of cerebral oligoemia. Our data support the concept of heterogeneous nature of the pathophysiology of the TBI and suggest that DC as the sole treatment modality is insufficient. Introduction Decompressive craniectomy (DC) may effectively decrease intracranial pressure (ICP) and increase cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with refracto...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: There is a wide heterogeneity of postoperative cerebral hemodynamic findings among TBI patients who underwent DC, including hemodynamic heterogeneity between their cerebral hemispheres. DC was proved to be effective for the treatment of cerebral oligoemia. Our data support the concept of heterogeneous nature of the pathophysiology of the TBI and suggest that DC as the sole treatment modality is insufficient. Introduction Decompressive craniectomy (DC) may effectively decrease intracranial pressure (ICP) and increase cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with refracto...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions Some infants can present with the onset of stroke-like symptoms after minor head injuries. Presence of linear calcifications of the basal ganglia noticed on brain computed tomography in many of these patients suggests that mineralizing angiopathy may be a predisposing factor for lenticulostriate stroke after minor closed head injury in infants. Brain magnetic resonance imaging to further delineate possible cerebral infarction is indicated.
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Illustrative Cases Source Type: research
This article originally appeared on Health.com
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Diet/Nutrition healthytime onetime Source Type: news
ConclusionsFor patients who were anticoagulated with warfarin and had sustained minor traumatic brain injury, implementation of our protocol showed low incidence of early delayed ICH in the first 24  h. We believe withholding warfarin for several days and careful follow-up regarding its resumption is warranted, especially in the setting of supratherapeutic INR.
Source: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
This study ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
In conclusion, the independent factors associated with intracranial hemorrhage in patients with mild head injury who were determined to be at moderate risk for the condition included history of hypertension, headache, loss of consciousness, and baseline GCS score. PMID: 29359046 [PubMed]
Source: Neurology Research International - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Int Source Type: research
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