Structure of the dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase catalytic domain from Escherichia coli in a novel crystal form: a tale of a common protein crystallization contaminant

The crystallization of amidase, the ultimate enzyme in the Trp-dependent auxin-biosynthesis pathway, from Arabidopsis thaliana was attempted using protein samples with at least 95% purity. Cube-shaped crystals that were assumed to be amidase crystals that belonged to space group I4 (unit-cell parameters a = b = 128.6, c = 249.7   Å ) were obtained and diffracted to 3.0   Å resolution. Molecular replacement using structures from the PDB containing the amidase signature fold as search models was unsuccessful in yielding a convincing solution. Using the Sequence-Independent Molecular replacement Based on Available Databases (SIMBAD) program, it was discovered that the structure corresponded to dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase from Escherichia coli (PDB entry 1c4t), which is considered to be a common crystallization contaminant protein. The structure was refined to an Rwork of 23.0% and an Rfree of 27.2% at 3.0   Å resolution. The structure was compared with others of the same protein deposited in the PDB. This is the first report of the structure of dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase isolated without an expression tag and in this novel crystal form.
Source: Acta Crystallographica Section F - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase auxin amidase contaminant crystallization protein crystallography molecular replacement research communications Source Type: research

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