Parents Help Detect Sleep Problems In Children With Down Syndrome

A recent study has found that parents play an important part in screening for sleep problems in children with Down syndrome. These children often suffer from obstructive sleep apnoea, a condition which affects their breathing during sleep. Health professionals rely on parents' reports about their child's sleep, including restlessness, snoring and other forms of noisy breathing, when screening for the condition. In the past, there has been some uncertainty among health professionals about the accuracy of these reports...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pediatrics / Children's Health Source Type: news

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DiscussionThe primary outcomes would be the improvement and/or reestablishment of the function of masticatory muscles and the physiological sleep variables in this target public since individuals with DS commonly present generalized muscular hypotonia and dysfunction of the oropharyngeal musculature. As a secondary outcome indicator, the impact of the applied therapies (NMES, MA, and OAm) on the salivary microbiological and physicochemical properties in DS individuals will also be assessed. Furthermore, the compliance of OAm usage will be measured through a thermosensitive microchip.Trial registrationRegistro Brasileiro de...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Abstract Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Childhood Abstract. One out of ten healthy children is a habitual snorer, and one fourth of snoring children suffer from obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). While OSAS is widely recognized as a relevant social and health problem due to its negative impact on behavior and neurocognitive development, the medical significance of habitual snoring remains debated. Sleep-disordered breathing remains underestimated and underdiagnosed in childhood, in part due to the variability of clinical manifestations. This is particularly true for children with an underlying syndromal morbi...
Source: Praxis - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Praxis (Bern 1994) Source Type: research
Introduction: Adenotonsillectomy is a common treatment for childhood obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Improved sleep quality is seen in some children, but others have residual symptomsAim: To investigate the effectiveness of adenotonsillectomy in treating symptoms of OSA.Method: Retrospective single-centre study, with analysis of symptoms and polysomnography (PSG) studies pre and post-surgery of children
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Paediatric respiratory physiology and sleep Source Type: research
ConclusionSnoring is not associated with alterations in the markers of fetal or placental wellbeing tested here and suggests that there are alternative mechanisms underlying the association between snoring and adverse perinatal outcomes.
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Snoring is not associated with alterations in the markers of fetal or placental wellbeing tested here and suggests that there are alternative mechanisms underlying the association between snoring and adverse perinatal outcomes. PMID: 29958890 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Clinical Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Clin Chim Acta Source Type: research
The present statement was produced by a European Respiratory Society Task Force to summarise the evidence and current practice on the diagnosis and management of obstructive sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children aged 1–23 months. A systematic literature search was completed and 159 articles were summarised to answer clinically relevant questions. SDB is suspected when symptoms or abnormalities related to upper airway obstruction are identified. Morbidity (pulmonary hypertension, growth delay, behavioural problems) and coexisting conditions (feeding difficulties, recurrent otitis media) may be present. SDB...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep medicine, Paediatric pulmonology Original Articles: ERS statement Source Type: research
Introduction and Objective: Current guidelines recommend polysomnography (PSG) for all children with Down Syndrome(DS) for screening obstructive sleep apne syndrome(OSAS). The aim of our study was to evaluate the diagnostic reliability and feasibility of home respiratory polygraphy(HRP) in DS.Methods: National DS Association was contacted and children aged 6-18 years who accepted to participate were recruited. Sleep history was taken, questionnaires (pediatric sleep questionnaire, OSA-18, Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI)), otorhinolaryngologic evaluation, in-lab PSG were performed. Families were given instructions and...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Paediatric Respiratory Physiology and Sleep Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur study shows that there is a close relationship between unusual sleep postures and SDB‐RSs. We recommend that all people with DS with unusual sleep postures should be checked for the presence of SDB.
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - Category: Disability Authors: Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research
Conclusions: Based upon full night polysomnography, an overall 66.4% prevalence of OSA was found in children with Down syndrome. Even in those with a negative history for OSA, the prevalence was 53.8%. Younger age was associated with more severe disease. Citation: Maris M, Verhulst S, Wojciechowski M, Van de Heyning P, Boudewyns A. Prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in children with Down syndrome. SLEEP 2016;39(3):699–704.
Source: Sleep - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In otherwise healthy children, without a syndrome, of older age (five to nine years), and diagnosed with mild to moderate OSAS by PSG, there is moderate quality evidence that adenotonsillectomy provides benefit in terms of quality of life, symptoms and behaviour as rated by caregivers and high quality evidence that this procedure is beneficial in terms of PSG parameters. At the same time, high quality evidence indicates no benefit in terms of objective measures of attention and neurocognitive performance compared with watchful waiting. Furthermore, PSG recordings of almost half of the children managed non-surg...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
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