Our Food Systems Need Transformation

By Zoltán KálmánROME, Aug 28 2019 (IPS) The right to food is a universal human right. Yet, over 820 million people are going hungry, according the latest edition of the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI 2019). In addition, 2 billion people in the world are food insecure with great risk of malnutrition and poor health” 1. Another report 2 describes the situation even more worrying: “At the global level, one person in three is malnourished today and one in two could be malnourished by 2030 in a business-as-usual scenario. While hunger remains a critical concern, malnutrition in all its forms (undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, overweight and obesity) now affects all countries, whether low-, middle- or high-income. Those different forms of malnutrition can co-exist within the same country or community, and sometimes within the same household or individual.” Against this backdrop, the UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS) 3, which is, at the global level, the foremost inclusive and evidence-based international and intergovernmental platform for food security and nutrition (FSN), requested a High Level Panel of Experts (HLPE) 4 to prepare a report on nutrition and food systems. The comprehensive HLPE report 5 is the basis for a series of inclusive, multi-stakeholder discussions at global and regional levels, including e-consultations, to provide inputs for shaping the Voluntary Guidelines (VGs) on Food Syst...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Climate Change Development & Aid Economy & Trade Environment Featured Food & Agriculture Global Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Inequity Natural Resources Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

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Date: Friday, 11 22, 2019; Speaker: Nicola Santoro, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics (Endocrinology), Yale School of Medicine; Building 10 CRC; FAES 1&2
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
CONCLUSIONS: Installating water jet dispensers on school lunch lines could also save almost half of the dollars needed for implementation via a reduction in obesity-related health care costs. School-based interventions to promote drinking water may be relatively inexpensive strategies for improving child health. PMID: 31746555 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these data demonstrate that CRISPLD2 is a circulating adipokine that may regulate adipocyte remodeling during weight loss. PMID: 31746554 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The combination of liraglutide and IBT was associated with greater short-term improvements in dietary disinhibition, global eating disorder psychopathology, and shape concern than IBT alone. PMID: 31746553 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research
The aim was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of endoscopic superficialisation (ES) in patients with deeply located cephalic veins in well matured arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) and to present functional outcomes.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Rymarz A, Zajbt M, Jeznach-Steinhagen A, Woźniak-Kosek A, Niemczyk S Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the body composition in stages 3b to 5 of chronic kidney disease. There were 149 patients included in the study, with the mean age of 65.5 ± 16.5 years, body mass index (BMI) of 29.4 ± 5.6 kg/m2, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 23.2 ± 9.3/min/1.73m2. They remained with dialysis. Body composition was measured using bioimpedance spectroscopy, and handgrip strength was measured with a hydraulic dynamometer. The main ...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Telomeres are repetitive nucleotides sequences localized to the ends of each individual chromosome. They are replicated during each cellular division, but with each cell cycle they become progressively shorter. The problem is short telomeres are associated with dysregulation of cellular events such as senescence or cell death. The shortening process is accelerated by exposure to stress, smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, and poor diet. Many refer to this process as one of our “biological clocks.” In long-term studies, shortened telomeres are associated with adverse health outcomes including atherosclerosis, st...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research
The pathophysiology and treatment of the adult-acquired flatfoot is still quite controversial. Soft tissue reconstruction and tendon transfer surgery combined with corrective osteotomy for flexible deformities are well established in the literature. However, patients with signs of hindfoot osteoarthritis, rheumatological or neurological diseases, and obesity can benefit from surgical correction with arthrodesis because of greater outcome predictability. Various types of arthrodesis, including isolated, triple, double, or segmental procedures, have been described to treat this deformity. We will discuss the events leading t...
Source: Techniques in Foot and Ankle Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Special Focus Source Type: research
Authors: Sanches E, Timmermans M, Topal B, Celik A, Sundbom M, Ribeiro R, Parmar C, Ugale S, Proczko M, Stepaniak PS, Pujol Rafols J, Mahawar K, Buise MP, Neimark A, Severin R, Pouwels S Abstract Introduction: Obesity is associated with various diseases such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular diseases. It affects several organ systems, including the pulmonary and cardiac systems. Furthermore, it induces pulmonary and cardiac changes that can result in right and/or left heart failure.Areas covered: In this review, authors provide an overv...
Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research
ConclusionsHOMA-IR can further stratify diabetes risk in AA adults beyond obesity, identifying non-obese high-risk and lower-risk obese individuals. However, diabetes risk should still be carefully monitored in obese populations despite insulin sensitivity.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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