Heterogeneous risk profiles among B3 breast lesions of uncertain malignant potential.

CONCLUSION: B3 lesions entail a heterogeneous risk of malignancy, and careful radiologic-pathologic correlation is required for optimal treatment. PMID: 31451072 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research

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Mucinous lesions of the breast encompass a range of benign and malignant entities characterized by extracellular mucin production. Increased sampling of mammary calcifications has identified a range of mucocele-like lesions, which are associated with benign proliferative and atypical intraductal epithelial proliferation ranging in architectural complexity from flat epithelial atypia to ductal carcinoma in situ. Mucinous carcinoma is a unique histologic subtype of breast cancer with a good prognosis.
Source: Diagnostic Histopathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Mini-symposium: Breast Pathology Source Type: research
AbstractThe risk of radiotherapy-induced malignancies (RIMs) is a concern when treating Li –Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) or Li–Fraumeni Like (LFL) patients. However, the type ofTP53 pathogenic germline variant may possibly influence this risk.TP53 p.R337H mutation is particularly prevalent in Brazil. We aimed to evaluate the outcomes of patients with pathogenicTP53 variants treated for localized breast cancer in a Brazilian cohort. We evaluated retrospectively a cohort of patients with germlineTP53 pathogenic variants treated for localized breast cancer between December 1999 and October 2017. All patients were follo...
Source: Familial Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion MTDH is pro-oncogenic factor playing multifaceted and diverse roles in cancer progression. Its association and central role in regulating signaling pathways such a MAPK, wnt/β-catenin, PI3K/AkT, NF-κβ pathways in various cancers shows that it plays a vital role in metastasis. MTDH contribution to chemo and radiotherapy resistance provides a new direction for the development of anticancer therapeutics. Multiple mechanisms converge to promote expression of MTDH in cancers. Further studies are therefore warranted to determine whether the elevated MTDH expression has prognostic value for development...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our WGCNA analysis identified candidate prognostic biomarkers for further basic and clinical researches. Introduction Breast cancer is a frequently diagnosed malignancy and the leading cause of cancer death among females around the world, accounting for 24% of cancer diagnoses and 15% of cancer deaths in females. According to Global Cancer Statistics 2018, there will be nearly 2.1 million new cases diagnosed globally, with ~62 thousand deaths. The incident rates of breast cancer increased in most developing countries during last decades, resulting from a combination of social and economic factors, incl...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: This is the only existing study which has conducted assessment of transcriptional changes associated with TBX3 isoforms (TBX3iso1 and TBX3iso2). Our published study has identified the transcriptional regulator TBX3 as an enabler of EMT in non-high grade, pre-invasive lesions of the breast, inducing SLUG and promoting the transition from in situ (DCIS) to invasive breast cancer.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Genome binding/occupancy profiling by array Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Conclusions: This is the only existing study which has conducted assessment of transcriptional changes associated with TBX3 isoforms (TBX3iso1 and TBX3iso2). Our published study has identified the transcriptional regulator TBX3 as an enabler of EMT in non-high grade, pre-invasive lesions of the breast, inducing SLUG and promoting the transition from in situ (DCIS) to invasive breast cancer.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
In this study we focused on the molecular mechanism involving Annexin A8 (ANXA8), a Ca2+ and phospholipid binding protein, which is regulated by all-trans Retinoic Acid (RA), and it is highly expressed in breast DCIS tissue samples relative to atypical ductal hyperplasia, and normal breast tissue. Using a panel of human mammary epithelial HME1 cell lines that share a common protein signature, and develop in vitro three dimensional (3D) “DCIS-like” amorphous structures, we identified by bioinformatics analysis protein-miRNA pairs, potentially involved in mammary morphogenetic mechanisms, including the AN...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Unlike other ErbB family members, HER2 levels are maintained on the cell surface when the receptor is activated, allowing prolonged signaling and contributing to its transforming ability. Interactions between HER2, HSP90, PMCA2, and NHERF1 within specialized plasma membrane domains contribute to the membrane retention of HER2. We hypothesized that the scaffolding protein ezrin, which has been shown to interact with NHERF1, might also help stabilize the HER2–PMCA2–NHERF1 complex at the plasma membrane. Therefore, we examined ezrin expression and its relationship with HER2, NHERF1, and PMCA2 levels in murine and ...
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Cell Biology Source Type: research
Abstract microRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs that influence gene expression by targeting messenger RNAs (mRNAs). Depending on the function of their target genes, miRNAs may regulate the expression of oncogenes and tumor suppressors, thereby contributing to the promotion or inhibition of tumor progression. Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), although often diagnosed as breast cancer, is a potential precursor to invasive ductal carcinoma. Many of the genetic events required for the invasive progression of DCIS occur at the pre-invasive stage, and these events include changes to the expression of miRNAs. Aberrant expressi...
Source: Am J Pathol - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Pathol Source Type: research
AbstractSalivary duct carcinomas (SDC) and Her2/Neu3-overexpressing invasive breast carcinomas (HNPIBC/IBC) are histologically indistinguishable. We investigated whether common histopathologic and immunophenotypic features of SDC and IBC are mirrored by a similar microRNA (miRNA) profile. MiRNA profiling of 5 SDCs, 6 IBCs Her2/Neu3+, and 5 high-grade ductal breast carcinoma in situ (DCIS) was performed by NanoString platform. Selected miRNAs andHOXA1 gene were validated by RT-PCR. We observed similar miRNA expression profiles between IBC and SDC with the exception of 2 miRNAs,miR-10a andmiR-142-3p, which were higher in IBC...
Source: Head and Neck Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
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