Medically compromised patients in orthodontic practice: Review of evidence and recommendations

This article will discuss some medical conditions that might be seen by orthodontists. Also, recommendations and modifications of the orthodontic treatment plan will be discussed thoroughly.Materials and methodsA computerized electronic search of the literature was conducted in Google Scholar and PubMed and was limited to publications in English.ResultsOrthodontic management was studied in cases of Infective endocarditis (IE), Thrombocytopenia, Hemophilia, Sickle cell anemia, Thalassemia, Diabetes mellitus (DM), Thyroid Disorders, Asthma, DiGeorge Syndrome, HIV/AIDS, Organ transplantation, Orthodontic management, Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), Seizure disorders, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Mood disorders, Schizophrenia and Eating disorders.RésuméIntroductionAujourd’hui, grâce aux progrès de la médecine, les patients médicalement compromis peuvent avoir accès à un diagnostic précoce et à une prise en charge médicale de qualité. Cela augmente leur espérance de vie et améliore leur qualité de vie. Par conséquent, un traitement orthodontique peut être fourni aux patients dont les problèmes médicaux sont bien contrôlés.ObjectifCet article traitera quelques-uns des problèmes médicaux que les orthodontistes peuvent observer. De plus, les recommandations et les modifications du plan de traitement orthodontique fe...
Source: International Orthodontics - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 20 October 2019Source: International Journal of PsychophysiologyAuthor(s): Eliana Vassena, Filip Van Opstal, Ingeborg Goethals, Tom VergutsAbstractThe ability to exert control has been widely investigated as a hallmark of adaptive behaviour. Dopamine is recognized as the key neuromodulator mediating various control-related processes. The neural mechanisms underlying the subjective perception of being in control, or Locus of Control (LOC) are however less clear. LOC indicates the subjective tendency to attribute environmental outcomes to one's actions (internal LOC) or instead to external ...
Source: International Journal of Psychophysiology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Conversations and healthy debate about issues facing our industry and the health care system are critical to addressing some of today ’s challenges and opportunities. The Catalyst welcomes guest contributors, including patients, stakeholders, innovators and others, to share their perspectives and point of view. Views represented here may not be those of PhRMA, though they are no less key to a healthy dialogue on issues in health care today.
Source: The Catalyst - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Tags: diabetes Out of Pocket Costs Voters for Cures Source Type: news
ConclusionsWe conclude that mechanisms driving OA (which is defined as ‘impaired visually guided movement’) may underpin severe motor impairment, in autism. CVIS and VMIS may be useful indicators of severity of spatial cognitive impairment.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
DiscussionOur case series illustrates the difficulty in managing patients with anaphylaxis to replacement therapy. In the era of novel therapies, such as emicizumab, the management of HA patients who experience anaphylaxis to replacement therapy is becoming easier and may obviate the need for ITI. Current treatment strategies for HB patients with such anaphylaxis, however, are limited to rFVIIa, and it continues to pose a challenge.
Source: Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical HaematologyAuthor(s): Richard J. JonesAbstractClose HLA matching of donors and recipients has been the dogma for successful allogeneic blood or marrow transplantation (BMT), to limit the complications of graft rejection and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). However, many patients in need, especially those in certain racial and ethnic groups such as African-Americans and Hispanics, are unable to find matches despite increased availability of unrelated donors. Unfortunately, despite many early attempts to develop safe, related hapl...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Haematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
The latest crowdfunded research project undertaken by the SENS Research Foundation involves using the genetically engineered maximally modifiable mouse lineage in order to demonstrate the ability to copy a version of the ATP8 mitochondrial gene into the cell nucleus, a process known as allotopic expression, and thus prevent mutational damage to this gene from degrading mitochondrial function. This is a modest step on the road towards bringing this class of genetic engineering project to the point of readiness for commercial development, when a biotech startup company could be created to carry it forward. In just a f...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Activism, Advocacy and Education Source Type: blogs
The Food and Drug Administration approved AstraZeneca's drug Farxiga as a treatment for reducing the risk of hospitalizations for heart failure in adults with type-2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease or multiple cardiovascular risk factors. Farxiga, developed by AstraZeneca (NYSE: AZN) in a partnership with Bristol-Myers Squibb, already had FDA approval as a therapy along with diet and exercise to lower blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes. The drug generated sales of more than…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2019Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryAuthor(s): R. Sacco, S. Shah, R. Leeson, V. Moraschini, C.F. de Almeida Barros Mourão, O. Akintola, A. LalliAbstractTumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitors are increasingly being used as immunomodulators to manage inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn’s disease. Reported serious side effects include an increased incidence of lymphoma and greater susceptibility to infections such as tuberculosis. The aim of this systematic review was to find out whether there is an ...
Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Review in-depth clinical information, latest medical news, and guidelines on prevention and treatment of microvascular complications of diabetes, including diabetic nephropathy, diabetic neuropathy, and diabetic retinopathy.
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Resource Center Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 21 October 2019Source: Molecular and Cellular EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Huiwen Ren, Ying Shao, Can Wu, Xiaoyu Ma, Chuan Lv, Qiuyue WangAbstractMetformin, as the basic pharmacological therapy and the first preventive drug in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), is proved to have potential protection in diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Here, we established a diabetic rat model induced by high-fat diet and low dose streptozotocin, and high glucose cultured rat mesangial cells (RMCs) pre-treated with metformin or transfected with AMPK, SIRT1 and FoxO1 small interfering RNA, and detected oxidative str...
Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
More News: Anemia | Arthritis | Asthma | Autism | Computers | Dentistry | Diabetes | Diabetes Mellitus | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Endocarditis | Endocrinology | Haemophilia | Hemophilia | HIV AIDS | Infective Endocarditis | Microdeletion Syndromes | Rheumatology | Schizophrenia | Sickle Cell Anemia | Thrombocytopenia | Thyroid | Transplants