North Texas Fracking Zone Sees Growing Health Worries

This story was published by The Center for Public Integrity, a nonprofit, nonpartisan investigative news organization in Washington, D.C. DALLAS—Propped up on a hospital bed, Taylor Ishee listened as his mother shared a conviction that choked her up. His rare cancer had a cause, she believes, and it wasn’t genetics. Others in Texas have drawn the same conclusions about their confounding illnesses. Jana DeGrand, who suffered a heart attack and needed both her gallbladder and her appendix removed. Rebecca Williams, fighting off unexplained rashes, sharp headaches and repeated bouts of pneumonia. Maile Bush, who needed surgery for a sinus infection four rounds of antibiotics couldn’t heal. Annette Wilkes, whose own severe sinus infections were followed by two autoimmune diseases. They all lived for years atop the gas-rich Barnett Shale in North Texas, birthplace of modern hydraulic fracturing. And they all believe exposure to natural gas development triggered their health problems. “I’ve been trying to sell my house,” said Williams, a registered nurse, “because I’ve got to get out of here or I’m going to die.” Texas regulators and politicians have shrugged off such complaints for years. The leap from suspected environmental exposure to definitive proof of harm is a difficult one, and they insist they’ve found no cause for concern. Officials in other states have said the same thing as hydraulic fracturing &mda...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news

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In this study, the insoluble dietary fiber (IDF) and soluble dietary fiber (SDF) were obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis and lyophilization of wheat bran (Triticum aestivum L.). The physicochemical properties were to evaluated by laser diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. The results showed that the IDF was good at absorbing peanut oil (5.86 g/g), lard (9.63 g/g), cholesterol (4.11 mg/g in small intestine and 2.87 mg/g in stomach), sodium cholate (3.19 mg/g) and nitrite (100% at 105 min), while the SDF showed impressive DPPH, A...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 December 2018Source: Redox BiologyAuthor(s): Mateusz A. Stochelski, Tomasz Wilmanski, Mitchell Walters, John R. BurgessAbstractDiabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases in the United States and peripheral neuropathy (PN) affects at least 50% of diabetic patients. Medications available for patients ameliorate symptoms (pain), but do not protect against cellular damage and come with severe side effects, leading to discontinued use. Our research group uses differentiated SH-SY5Y cells treated with advanced glycation end products (AGE) as a model to mimic diabetic condit...
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Serum rantes, transforming growth factor-β1 and interleukin-6 levels correlate with cardiac muscle fibrosis in patients with aortic valve stenosis. J Physiol Pharmacol. 2018 Aug;69(4): Authors: Podolec J, Baran J, Siedlinski M, Urbanczyk M, Krupinski M, Bartus K, Niewiara L, Podolec M, Guzik T, Tomkiewicz-Pajak L, Komar M, Kablak-Ziembicka A Abstract Regulated on Activation Normal T Expressed and Secreted (RANTES) chemokine is involved in the initiation of inflammation and immune-cell recruitment. Interleukin -6 (IL-6) is used as a general index of severity of the chronic inflammatory process. Fin...
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Schink M, Konturek PC, Tietz E, Dieterich W, Pinzer TC, Wirtz S, Neurath MF, Zopf Y Abstract Histamine intolerance represents a controversially discussed disorder. Besides an impaired degradation of orally supplied histamine due to diamine oxidase (DAO) deficiency, a deranged gut flora may also contribute to elevated histamine levels. Our aim was to determine the intestinal bacterial composition in patients with proven histamine intolerance in comparison to other food intolerances and healthy controls. A total of 64 participants were included in the study, encompassing 8 patients with histamine intolerance...
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 December 2018Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - BiomembranesAuthor(s): Takashi Ohgita, Yuki Takechi-Haraya, Ryo Nadai, Mana Kotani, Yuki Tamura, Karin Nishikiori, Kazuchika Nishitsuji, Kenji Uchimura, Koki Hasegawa, Kumiko Sakai-Kato, Kenichi Akaji, Hiroyuki SaitoAbstractIn the direct cell membrane penetration, arginine-rich cell-penetrating peptides are thought to penetrate into cells across the hydrophobic lipid membranes. To investigate the effect of the amphipathic property of arginine-rich peptide on the cell-penetrating ability, we designed a novel amphipathic cell-pen...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Biomembranes - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 December 2018Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - BiomembranesAuthor(s): Tatyana I. Rokitskaya, Ljudmila S. Khailova, Anton V. Makarenkov, Alexei V. Shunaev, Victor V. Tatarskiy, Alexander A. Shtil, Valentina A. Ol'shevskaya, Yuri N. AntonenkoAbstractBoron containing polyhedra (carboranes) are three-dimensional delocalized aromatic systems. These structures have been shown to transport protons through lipid membranes and mitochondria. Conjugation of carboranes to various organic moieties is aimed at obtaining biologically active compounds with novel properties. Taking advantag...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Biomembranes - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
In this study, new multifunctional organic-inorganic pigments were synthesized by the complexation of carboxlic azo dyes (D1, D2) with aluminum-magnesium hydroxycarbonate (LH) and were applied as colorants in ethylene-norbornene copolymer (EN). The structures of the hybrid pigments were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). X-ray diffraction revealed that the hybrid pigments had developed new crystalline structures and showed the presence of additional peaks on their diffraction patterns. Moreover, TOF SIMS c...
Source: Polymer Degradation and Stability - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Karczewski J, Śledzińska E, Baturo A, Jończyk I, Maleszko A, Maleszko A, Samborski P, Begier-Krasińska B, Dobrowolska A Abstract The prevalence of obesity has recently increased dramatically and has contributed to the increasing prevalence of various pathological conditions, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, asthma, various types of cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, and others. Accumulating evidence points to localized inflammation in adipose tissue, which, in turn, promotes systemic low-grade inflammation as a primary force contributing to the d...
Source: European Cytokine Network - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Eur Cytokine Netw Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 December 2018Source: New Scientist, Volume 240, Issue 3208Author(s):
Source: New Scientist - Category: Science Source Type: research
DiscussionOur analysis presents the first transmission modelling of cohort data for RSV and we find that it is important to consider the household social structuring and household size when modelling transmission. The increased infectiousness of symptomatic individuals implies that a vaccine against RSV related disease would also have an impact on infection transmission. Together, the weak cross immunity between RSV groups and the possibility of different transmission niches could form part of the explanation for the group co-existence.Graphical Abstract
Source: Epidemics - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
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