Mesothelioma Study Explores New Treatment When Chemotherapy Fails

A clinical trial is exploring whether a novel immunotherapy/antiangiogenic combination can serve as an effective second-line treatment for pleural mesothelioma. Early indications of the four-center, phase II clinical trial are positive. The combination involves nivolumab (Opdivo) , a well-known immunotherapy drug, and ramucirumab (Cyramza), a therapy drug that blocks the formation of blood vessels needed for new tumor growth. The Food and Drug Administration approved both drugs for the treatment of other cancers, but this clinical trial is the first to test them in combination for mesothelioma. The single-arm trial began in 2018 and is expected to finish in 2021. “Any assessment of outcomes at this point would be preliminary,” medical oncologist Dr. Alberto Chiappori, principal investigator at the Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, told The Mesothelioma Center at Asbestos.com. “But we have not seen any reason not to be encouraged. There is everything to assume we can expect a positive outcome.” Help with Unresectable Disease The trial is for patients whose unresectable tumors have progressed after chemotherapy. The Moffitt Cancer Center is just one of four institutions hosting the trial. The others include Regions Hospital Cancer Center in St. Paul, Minnesota; Karmanos Cancer Center in Detroit; and the University of Maryland Cancer Center in Baltimore. “I cannot provide details yet, but I can say that patients are doing well, and this encourages us ...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 3 January 2020Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Kelly Olino, Tristen Park, Ntia AhujaAbstractAdvances in immunotherapy, most notably antibodies targeting the inhibitory immune receptors cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein 4 (CTLA-4/CD152), programmed death protein 1 (PD-1/CD279) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1/B7H1/CD274) have become effective standard therapies in advanced malignancies including melanoma,1–4 merkel cell carcinoma5, urological cancers6–8, non-small cell lung cancer9–11, mis-match repair (MMR) deficient tumors12, and Hodgkin lymphoma...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract The multimodal treatment of limited peritoneal metastases may improve prognosis in selected patients (pseudomyxoma peritonei, malignant peritoneal mesothelioma, colorectal, gastric and ovarian cancer) provided complete cytoreduction can be performed. Additive intraoperative hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is often performed. If the treatment is undertaken in experienced (and certified) centres, associated mortality is low. Intrapleural hyperthermic chemoperfusion (HITOC) can be performed in patients with pleural malignancies, mainly for malignant pleural mesothelioma or metastases from a...
Source: Zentralblatt fur Chirurgie - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Zentralbl Chir Source Type: research
ConclusionsOxaliplatin-based PIPAC appears to be a safe treatment that offers good symptom control and promising survival for patients with advanced peritoneal disease.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
More than a dozen senior officials and experts at the Environmental Protection Agency urged the EPA to ban asbestos outright, a new report shows. Two internal memos obtained by the Asbestos Disease Awareness Organization and shared with the New York Times reveal the EPA’s own scientists and lawyers advised the agency to issue a complete ban of asbestos instead of the recent regulations that only restricted its domestic use. In the memos, dated Aug. 10, 2018, EPA staff members wrote that the agency “should seek to ban all new uses of asbestos because the extreme harm from this chemical substance outweighs any ...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
This study is an important step forward in highlighting C1q as a new prognostic candidate biomarker for a range of carcinomas. Methods Oncomine Database Analysis The expression levels of C1QA, C1QB, and C1QC genes in various carcinomas were analyzed using Oncomine (www.oncomine.org), a cancer microarray database and web-based data mining platform from genome-wide expression analyses (22, 23). We compared the differences in mRNA level between normal tissue and carcinoma. The mRNA expression levels in neoplastic tissues compared to the healthy tissues were obtained as the parameters of p-value 2, and gene ranking in the t...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Joe Abdo1, Christopher S. Wichman2, Nicholas E. Dietz1,3, Pawel Ciborowski4, John Fleegel1, Sumeet K. Mittal1,5 and Devendra K. Agrawal1* 1Department of Clinical and Translational Science, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE, United States 2Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States 3Department of Pathology, CHI Health Creighton University Medical Center, College of Medicine, Omaha, NE, United States 4Department of Pharmacology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States 5Norton Thoracic Institute, St....
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract All different types of metabolism of tumors are dependent on the flow of water molecules through the biological membrane, where fluid transfer interceded by aquaporins (AQPs) are the basis means for water entrance into the cells or outside them. Aquaporins play other roles including cellular migration, cellular expansion and cellular adhesion facilitation. Therefore, regulators of AQPs may be useful anticancer agents. Medline, Scopus, Embase, and Web of Sciences were searched. From among the papers found, 106 were related to the subject. All of the examined cancers in relation to AQP1 included adenoid cys...
Source: Pathology Oncology Research - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Pathol Oncol Res Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore whether a correlation exists between the incidence and mortality of cancers and normalized internet search volumes on the big data platform, Baidu. We also assessed whether the distribution of people who searched for specific types of cancer differed by gender. Finally, we determined whether there were regional disparities among people who searched the Web for cancer-related information. Methods: Standard Boolean operators were used to choose search terms for each type of cancer. Spearman’s correlation analysis was used to explore correlations among monthly search index values for each can...
Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionSurvivals beyond 20 months can be obtained with the use of CRS/HIPEC for rare PC etiologies aligning with results of other groups. CRS/HIPEC in well-selected patients demonstrates a clinical benefit and this could be confirmed with a multi-institutional study.
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
More News: Alimta | Asbestosis | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Chemotherapy | Clinical Trials | Colorectal Cancer | Environmental Health | Gastric (Stomach) Cancer | Immunotherapy | Mesothelioma | Study | University of Maryland