Understanding regulatory B cells in autoimmune diseases: the case of multiple sclerosis.

Understanding regulatory B cells in autoimmune diseases: the case of multiple sclerosis. Curr Opin Immunol. 2019 Aug 21;61:26-32 Authors: Thi Cuc B, Pohar J, Fillatreau S Abstract The suppressive function of B cells is mediated mostly through their provision of cytokines with anti-inflammatory properties, in particular interleukin-10. This B cell activity has been convincingly described in mice with autoimmune, infectious, as well as malignant diseases, and evidence is accumulating of its relevance in human. This review provides a personal view of this B cell function using multiple sclerosis and its animal model experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis as representative examples, in an attempt to bridge observations obtained in mice and human, with the goal of providing a coherent transversal framework to further explore this field, and eventually manipulate this B cell function therapeutically. PMID: 31445312 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Opinion in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Immunol Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: January 2020Source: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, Volume 18, Issue 1Author(s): Qian-Wen LI, Wen LEI, Cong CHEN, Wei GUOAbstractGiven the rapid increase of patients with autoimmune diseases and the lack of satisfactory therapies, the discovery of novel and effective therapeutic targets have been in an urgent demand. Recent studies have revealed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in the development of multiple sclerosis (MS), which provides a new opportunity of uncovering novel mechanism associated with the progression of MS. This review highlights the dysregulation of lncRNAs in ...
Source: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): S. Giatti, R. Rigolio, S. Diviccaro, E. Falvo, D. Caruso, L.M. Garcia-Segura, G. Cavaletti, R.C. MelcangiABSTRACTNeuroactive steroids, molecules produced from cholesterol in steroidogenic cells (i.e., peripheral glands and nervous system) are physiological modulators and protective agents of nervous function. A possible role for neuroactive steroids in the sex-dimorphic clinical manifestation, onset and progression of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) has been recently suggested. To explore this possibility, ...
Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Purpose of review In the last three decades, the use of eye movements and vestibular testing in many neurological disorders has accelerated, primarily because of practical technologic developments. Although the acute vestibular syndrome is a prime example of this progress, more chronic neurologic and systemic disorders have received less attention. We focus here on recent contributions relating vestibular and ocular motor abnormalities in inflammatory, demyelinating, metabolic, and peripheral nervous system disorders Recent findings Vestibular abnormalities have been identified in acute demyelinating neuropathies (AID...
Source: Current Opinion in Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: NEURO-OTOLOGY: Edited by Marianne Dieterich Source Type: research
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disabling demyelinating autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) which is driven by IL-23- and IL-1β-induced autoreactive Th17 cells that traffic to the CNS and secrete proinflammatory cytokines. Th17 pathogenicity in MS has been correlated with the dysregulation of microRNA (miRNA) expression, and specific miRNAs have been shown to promote the pathogenic Th17 phenotype. In the present study, we demonstrate, using the animal model of MS, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), that let-7 miRNAs confer protection against EAE by negatively regulating the proliferation...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
We present a case of a 32-year-old man who was found to have both clinically isolated syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, highlighting the importance of continued efforts to establish the prevalence of demyelinating disease in the region given the limited treatment options currently available for autoimmune disease.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
DiscussionThe results suggest that IV MP causality should be considered in case of acute liver injury while data for oral MP is insufficient; systematic liver monitoring for high-dose IV MP may be recommended.
Source: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Authors: Negi N, Das BK Abstract The discovery of an active lymphatic system in the meninges (dura mater) has opened up a wide range of possibilities for the role of CNS immunoglobulins in brain development in early fetal life or during infancy. The antibody-dependent and -independent functions of B cells in the immunopathogenesis of multiple sclerosis are not new to immunologists, yet their role in other neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease is incompletely understood. Deep cervical lymph nodes have emerged as a candidate site for autosensitization against CNS antigens and have be...
Source: International Reviews of Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Int Rev Immunol Source Type: research
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune and demyelinating disease of the central nervous system characterised by incoordination, sensory loss, weakness, changes in bladder capacity and bowel function, fatigue...
Source: Journal of Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
The role of stress effector systems in the initiation and progression of multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), the most commonly used experimental model of MS, has strongly been suggested. To corroborate this notion, alterations in activity of the sympathoadrenal and sympathoneural axes of sympathoadrenal system (a major communication pathway between the central nervous system and the immune system), mirrored in altered release of their end-point mediators (adrenaline and noradrenaline, respectively), are shown to precede (in MS) and/or occur during development of MS and EAE in respon...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In multiple sclerosis (MS), cognitive dysfunction is common but difficult to treat. We analyzed the impact of dimethyl fumarate, an MS drug with neuroprotective properties, in spatial memory performance in a mouse model of MS and looked for structural correlates in the hippocampus. Treated mice presented better cognitive performance which was not associated with structural hippocampal damage but with decreased demyelination in the fimbria. Dimethyl fumarate, even if initiated after hindlimb paralysis, ameliorated memory deficits in the MS mouse model due, at least in part, to its positive impact in the demyelination of the...
Source: Journal of Neuroimmunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Allergy & Immunology | Autoimmune Disease | Cancer & Oncology | Multiple Sclerosis