The role of semantic transparency in processing compound nouns: evidence from people with Broca's Aphasia.
This article investigated the role of semantic transparency in processing root compound nouns in Persian individuals with Broca's aphasia through picture confrontation naming and repetition tasks. The relationship between semantic transparency and affected constituents of nouns showed that semantic transparency had no role in processing compound nouns. The results showed that transparent, opaque and partially transparent compound nouns were processed by dual-routes (holistic and decomposing). Frequency of errors also revealed dissociation of naming and repetition processes as well as simple and compound nouns. The comparison of errors and their types in confrontation naming and repetition tasks indicated that naming was relatively more complex than repetition. PMID: 31441333 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: January 2020Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 102Author(s): Alexia Fasola, F.-Xavier Alario, Marion Tellier, Bernard Giusiano, Carlo Alberto Tassinari, Fabrice Bartolomei, Agnès TrébuchonAbstractPatients suffering from drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy show substantial language deficits (i.e., anomia) during their seizures and in the postictal period (postictal aphasia). Verbal impairments observed during the postictal period may be studied to help localizing the epileptogenic zone. These explorations have been essentially based on simple tasks focused on speech, thus disregarding t...
DiscussionThe aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of tDCS for language/semantic disorders in semantic dementia. A potential treatment would be easily applicable, inexpensive, and renewable when therapeutic effects disappear due to disease progression.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.govNCT03481933. Registered on March 2018.
Conditions: Stroke; Aphasia Interventions: Device: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation; Device: Sham Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation; Behavioral: Phonologic-Focused Speech Therapy; Behavioral: Semantic-Focused Speech Therapy Sponsor: Medical College of Wisconsin Not yet recruiting
ConclusionSSRI therapy did not improve disability and QOL in multi-ethnic Asian patients with first-ever stroke undergoing rehabilitation.
This study explored the spontaneous use of gestures in the conversations of participants with aphasia (PWA) and neurologically healthy participants (NHP). It aimed to examine the influence of conversation topic and partner on gesture production overall and on the production of semantically rich and empty gestures. Twenty PWA and 21 NHP were filmed during conversations with different topics (narrative &procedural) and different partners (familiar &unfamiliar). Analysis 1 investigated the influence of the conversation topic on gesture production overall and on the production of semantically rich and empty gestures. I...
son C Abstract Assessment of language and cognitive abilities are associated with clinical challenges. The aim of the present study was to learn more about the MMSE test process from a language perspective by looking in detail at the interaction between patient and tester. In addition, we aimed to further explore the relationship between linguistic and cognitive difficulties.The study was based on an analysis of 20 MMSE test dyads, 10 persons with aphasia and 10 persons with dementia, in interaction with speech and language pathologists. All conversations were audio and video recorded and transcribed verbatim acco...
A 27-year-old male presented to the emergency department with altered mental status well as aphasia, lethargy, and dizziness that developed over the previous two days. His family denied any recent seizure-like activity, loss of consciousness, nausea, vomiting, or fevers.