Diagnosis and Management of Left Atrium Appendage Thrombosis in Atrial Fibrillation Patients Undergoing Cardioversion.

Diagnosis and Management of Left Atrium Appendage Thrombosis in Atrial Fibrillation Patients Undergoing Cardioversion. Medicina (Kaunas). 2019 Aug 21;55(9): Authors: Melillo E, Palmiero G, Ferro A, Mocavero PE, Monda V, Ascione L Abstract Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with an increased risk of stroke and thromboembolic complications. A rhythm control strategy with both electrical and pharmacological cardioversion is recommended for patients with symptomatic atrial fibrillation. Anticoagulant therapy for 3-4 weeks prior to cardioversion is recommended in order to avoid thromboembolic events deriving from restoring sinus rhythm. Transesophageal echocardiography has a pivotal role in this setting, excluding the presence of left atrial appendage thrombus before cardioversion. The aim of this review is to discuss the epidemiology and risk factors for left atrial appendage thrombosis, the role of echocardiography in the decision making before cardioversion, and the efficacy of different anticoagulant regimens on the detection and treatment of left atrial appendage thrombosis. PMID: 31438560 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research

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ConclusionAcross geriatric subgroups, apixaban was consistently associated with the most favourable benefit-risk profile and should therefore be preferred in geriatric patients with AF. However, research gaps on the impact of increased falling risk, frailty and baseline dementia were identified, requiring careful consideration while awaiting more results.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in the general population. In western countries with aging populations, atrial fibrillation poses a significant health concern, as it is associated with a high risk of thromboembolism, stroke, congestive heart failure, and myocardial infarction. Thrombi are generated in the left atrial appendage, and subsequent embolism into the cerebral circulation is a major cause of ischemic stroke. Therefore, patients have a lifetime risk of stroke, and those at high risk, defined as a CHA2DS2-VASc2 (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age>75 years, diabetes mel...
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia. It affects 1 in 4 adults aged>40 years,1 and is associated with a 5-fold increased risk of stroke.1 Hence, anticoagulants are universally recommended to prevent stroke and systemic embolism in patients with AF.1 The non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are important alternatives to warfarin for prevention of arterial thromboembolism in patients with AF. Currently, the FDA has approved four NOACs for use in patients with AF: dabigatran is a thrombin inhibitor, while rivaroxaban, apixaban, and edoxaban are factor Xa inhibitors.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
AbstractAtrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and is a major cause of embolic stroke. In patients at high bleeding risk such as those with hemophilia, the thromboembolic prevention is challenging. We herein present three patients affected by moderate to severe hemophilia and atrial fibrillation that were treated in our Institution between March 2018 and September 2019, with percutaneous left atrial appendage closure. In patients with relative or absolute contraindications to long-term anticoagulant therapy, the left atrial appendage closure could represent a reasonable strategy.
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
mmittee of the Council on Clinical Cardiology; Council on Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology; Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing; and Council on Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, is associated with substantial morbidity, mortality, and healthcare use. Great strides have been made in stroke prevention and rhythm control strategies, yet reducing the incidence of AF has been slowed by the increasing incidence and prevalence of AF risk factors, including obesity, physical inactivity, sleep apnea, diabetes melli...
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study is the largest European real-world study ever published on NOACs. It includes all Italian patients treated with NOACs since 2013 accounting for about 1/3 of subjects with AF. The enrolled population consisted of very elderly patients, at high risk of ischemic adverse events. The AIFA registries are consolidated tools that guarantee the appropriateness of prescription and provide important information for the governance of National Health System by collecting real-world data.
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Häusler KG, Landmesser U Abstract Atrial fibrillation is the most frequent cardiac arrhythmia worldwide, causing approximately 20% of all ischemic strokes. Therefore, oral anticoagulation is recommended in patients with atrial fibrillation with at least a moderate risk of stroke; however, there is a significant proportion of patients who cannot undergo long-term oral anticoagulation. As the left atrial appendage is of major relevance for atrial fibrillation-induced thrombus formation, catheter-based or surgical closure of the left atrial appendage appears to be a promising therapeutic option...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2018Source: Advances in Medical Sciences, Volume 63, Issue 1Author(s): Ewelina Michniewicz, Elżbieta Mlodawska, Paulina Lopatowska, Anna Tomaszuk-Kazberuk, Jolanta MalyszkoAbstractCoronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cardiovascular disease while atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. Both diseases share associated risk factors – hypertension, diabetes mellitus, sleep apnea, obesity and smoking. Moreover, inflammation plays a causative role in both diseases. The prevalence of CAD in patients with AF is from 17% to 46.5% while the prevalence of AF among pati...
Source: Advances in Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
We present a case of an active duty U.S. Navy sailor at low risk for thromboembolism who nonetheless suffered recurrent thromboembolic events despite appropriate anticoagulation, and thus underwent Watchman implantation. The therapy in this case will ideally provide a lifetime of protection from recurrent systemic embolization while allowing the patient to continue his active duty military career without restriction due to oral anticoagulation. PMID: 29796644 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: There was no periprocedural complication, such as device migration, pericardial tamponade, vas cular complications and major bleeding. All patients had an uneventful in-hospital course, being discharged in 2 days. The echocardiographic assessments at 6 and 12 months showed neither device migration, nor thrombus formation, nor peridevice leak. On clinical assessment at 12 months, no patient ha d thromboembolic events or bleeding related to the device or risk factors. In this small series, LAAC with Amplatzer Cardiac Plug proved to be safe, with high procedural success rate and favorable outcome at the 12-month f...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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