Significance of Microcalcifications on Mammography in the Surgical Treatment of Breast Cancer Patients with a Preoperative Diagnosis of Ductal Carcinoma in Situ by Core Needle Biopsy.

Significance of Microcalcifications on Mammography in the Surgical Treatment of Breast Cancer Patients with a Preoperative Diagnosis of Ductal Carcinoma in Situ by Core Needle Biopsy. Acta Med Okayama. 2019 Aug;73(4):349-356 Authors: Isozaki H, Yamamoto Y, Murakami S, Matsumoto S, Takama T Abstract To clarify the surgical outcomes of breast cancer patients with a preoperative diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) by core needle biopsy (CNB) (abbreviated as CNBDCIS), we retrospectively analyzed the cases of 131 patients with CNBDCIS who underwent surgery at Oomoto Hospital (32 total mastectomies, 99 conservative mastectomies). Our analysis of underestimation and predictors of invasive breast cancer of CNBDCIS revealed that the underestimation rate of CNBDCIS was 40.5% (53/131). A logistic regression analysis revealed that palpable tumors (yes to no, odds ratio [OR] 3.25), mammography (MMG) category group (category 4 or 5 to categories 1 , 2, or 3, OR 4.69) and MMG microcalcifications (no to yes, OR 0.24) were significant predictive factors for CNBDCIS invasion. In our analysis of the predictors of positive margins during CNBDCIS surgery, 36 (27.5%) of the 131 patients had positive margins after postoperative pathological examination. A logistic regression analysis revealed that the operative procedure (conservative surgery to total mastectomy, OR 21.4) and MMG microcalcifications (yes to no, OR 3.35) were significant factors related to positive mar...
Source: Acta Med Okayama - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Acta Med Okayama Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Jack Cuzick, Ivana Sestak, John F Forbes, Mitch Dowsett, Simon Cawthorn, Robert E Mansel, Sibylle Loibl, Bernardo Bonanni, D Gareth Evans, Anthony Howell, IBIS-II investigatorsSummaryBackgroundTwo large clinical trials have shown a reduced rate of breast cancer development in high-risk women in the initial 5 years of follow-up after use of aromatase inhibitors (MAP.3 and International Breast Cancer Intervention Study II [IBIS-II]). Here, we report blinded long-term follow-up results for the IBIS-II trial, which compared anastrozole with placebo...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
This study was conducted in 263,788 women aged 40–69 years at enrolment into the UK Biobank population-based cohort. Information on demographic, reproductive and health factors was collected at baseline using computerized questionnaires, while incident DCIS was ascertained through linkage to UK cancer registries. Age-adjusted and multivariable hazard ratios were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models in the total sample and by menopausal status. During an average of 7 years of follow-up, 1,016 women developed DCIS. Multivariable analysis indicated that age, physical activity, height, family history of breast...
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we examine the indications, complications, and long-term outcomes of therapeutic NSM. METHODS: From 2003 to 2016, women undergoing NSM for invasive cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Patient and disease characteristics were compared by procedure year, while complications were compared by procedure year using generalized mixed-effects models accounting for a random surgeon effect. Overall survival and time to recurrence were examined. RESULTS: Of the 467 therapeutic NSMs, 337 (72%) were invasive cancer, 126 (27%) were DCIS, and 4 (1%) ...
Source: Ann Oncol - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Ann Surg Oncol Source Type: research
In this study, we examine the indications, complications, and long-term outcomes of therapeutic NSM.MethodsFrom 2003 to 2016, women undergoing NSM for invasive cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Patient and disease characteristics were compared by procedure year, while complications were compared by procedure year using generalized mixed-effects models accounting for a random surgeon effect. Overall survival and time to recurrence were examined.ResultsOf the 467 therapeutic NSMs, 337 (72%) were invasive cancer, 126 (27%) were DCIS, and 4 (1%) were phyllodes t...
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS.—: Our study demonstrates that we handle transmasculine mastectomy specimens by examining 2.8 times more slides on average than for RMs, with a 2.5 times lower rate of significant pathologic findings. Prior family history of breast cancer or the use of androgen therapy before surgery in gender-affirming individuals did not increase the risk of identifying significant breast lesions. We recommend submitting 4 tissue blocks per mastectomy for individuals undergoing gender-affirming breast surgery. PMID: 31816268 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine - Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Pathol Lab Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Timothy J Whelan, Jim A Julian, Tanya S Berrang, Do-Hoon Kim, Isabelle Germain, Alan M Nichol, Mohamed Akra, Sophie Lavertu, Francois Germain, Anthony Fyles, Theresa Trotter, Francisco E Perera, Susan Balkwill, Susan Chafe, Thomas McGowan, Thierry Muanza, Wayne A Beckham, Boon H Chua, Chu Shu Gu, Mark N LevineSummaryBackgroundWhole breast irradiation delivered once per day over 3–5 weeks after breast conserving surgery reduces local recurrence with good cosmetic results. Accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) delivered over 1 week t...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese results suggest heterogeneity by grade for breast cancer etiology. Identification of potential risk factor differences among low-grade and high-grade DCIS and IDBC may help to clarify associations, and ultimately, improve breast cancer risk prediction models.
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionThere was a high agreement rate among readers when differentiating NME from mass lesions. The agreement rate was lower when assessing the distribution and internal enhancement pattern descriptors, but still substantial. The descriptors clustered ring enhancement and segmental distribution were significant predictors of malignancy.Key Points• Non-mass enhancement is a common morphological feature of non-invasive breast cancer (DCIS) in MRI. Differentiation between potentially malignant and benign changes may be very challenging.• Since clustered ring enhancement and segmental distribution are both signif...
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Patients who previously received radiotherapy for ductal carcinoma in situ may have higher mortality after developing an invasive second breast cancer.
Source: CancerNetwork - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: news
While there has been some controversy over when women should start getting mammograms, all experts agree that screening is an important first step in detecting breast cancers and treating them early. But for some women, that’s not enough. For the approximately 40% of women with dense breast tissue, and especially the 10% with extremely dense tissue, cancer cells are harder to detect, since the denser tissue can mask small growths. In addition, dense breast tissue itself is also a risk factor for developing cancer. There’s been debate among experts over whether these women should have additional screening, on to...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Breast Cancer embargoed study Research Source Type: news
More News: Breast Cancer | Breast Carcinoma | Breast Needle Aspiration | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Carcinoma | Carcinoma in Situ | DCIS (Ductal Carcinoma in Situ) | Ductal Carcinoma | Hospitals | Mammography | Mastectomy | Universities & Medical Training